WEG MediaWiki

2A72 Russian 30mm Autocannon

tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Aircraft Armament"
"Guns"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Azerbaijan"
"PRO_Cyprus"
"PRO_Indonesia"
"PRO_Iraq"
"PRO_Kuwait"
"PRO_Libya"
"PRO_Morocco"
"PRO_Nicaragua"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Sri Lanka"
"PRO_Turkmenistan"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_United Arab Emirates"
"PRO_Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
"Air"
"Tier3"
notes"The 2A72 is a late Cold War-era 30mm autocannon of Soviet origin. It was developed as a less complex and lighter alternative to the widely used 2A42. Studies revealed that the 2A42 was virtually always used at the low rate of fire setting. By modifying and simplifying the 2A42 design it could be produced at a lower cost and be used for a wider range of applications. The 2A72 is used both as the main armament and as a coaxial weapon for the 100mm 2A70 low-pressure cannon. The 2A72 is a much-simplified design based on the 2A42 consisting of only 349 parts instead of 578. Unlike the 2A42 it is not gas operated but recoil-operated. Unlike the fixed barrel on the 2A42, the barrel moves rearward upon firing. A new design muzzle brake is used in order to retain enough recoil to cycle the weapon. Since the initial recoil impulse is lower the 2A72 can be fitted to lighter vehicles, such as the BTR-80A."
dateOfIntroduction1987
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Indonesia, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Morocco, Nicaragua, Russian Federation, South Korea (Republic of Korea), Sri Lanka, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Azerbaijan"
"Cyprus"
"Indonesia"
"Iraq"
"Kuwait"
"Libya"
"Morocco"
"Nicaragua"
"Russian Federation"
"South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"Sri Lanka"
"Turkmenistan"
"Ukraine"
"United Arab Emirates"
"Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
dis
name"Unknown"
string"00.00.000.000.000.000.000"
images
"Otr_gun_2a72_p01.jpg"
"Otr_gun_2a72_v1.jpg"
"2A72_(ZPT99)_(CC).png"
sections
name"System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternate Designations"
value"2A72; ZPT99 (Chinese production); ZTM-1 (Ukrainian production); KBA-2 (Ukrainian production)"
name"Type"
value"Autocannon"
name"Caliber"
value"30 mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"KBP Instrument Design Bureau"
name"Design"
value"The 2A72 is a much-simplified design based on the 2A42 consisting of only 349 parts instead of 578. Unlike the 2A42 it is not gas operated but recoil-operated. Unlike the fixed barrel on the 2A42, the barrel moves rearward upon firing. A new design muzzle brake is used in order to retain enough recoil to cycle the weapon. Since the initial recoil impulse is lower the 2A72 can be fitted to lighter vehicles, such as the BTR-80A."
name"Length Overall"
value"3.006 m"
name"Barrel Length"
value"2.416 mm"
name"Weight"
value"84 kg"
name"Action"
value"Recoil operated, electrically powered"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"330"
units"rds/min"
name"Firing Modes"
value"Single shot, 10-round burst, or automatic mode."
name"Loader Type"
value"Dual-belt feed"
name"Fire on the Move"
value"Yes"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"960 - 970 m/s; 1.120 m/s with APDS"
name"Maximum Elevation"
value"-5"
units"deg"
name"Minimum Elevation"
value"+60"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Range"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Right"
value"180"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Left"
value"180"
units"deg"
name"Maximum Effective Firing Range (Air Targets)"
value"4"
units"km"
name"Maximum Effective Firing Range (Ground Targets)"
value"2"
units"km"
name"Maximum Effective Firing Range (Light Armor Vehicles)"
value"1.5"
units"km"
name"Feed System"
value"Belt fed, twin feed system, selectable feed"
name"Platforms"
value"The 2A72 is mainly used as a coaxial weapon on the BMP-3 and as main armament for the BTR-80A. Other applications include the BMD-4 and various Chinese combat vehicles."
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Name"
value"3UBR8"
name"Type"
value"195 AP rounds"
name"Caliber"
value"30 mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"30 × 165"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1,120"
units"m/s"
name"Basic Load"
value"INA"
name"Penetrator Type"
value"tungsten alloy sub-calibre penetrator"
name"Penetration"
value"can defeat 28 mm of RHA set at a 60° angle from a range of 1,000 m"
name"Note"
value"The 2A42 fires 30x165 ammunition, a cartridge introduced in the 1970s in the Soviet Union to replace previous 30 mm autocannon cartridges. Other weapons using this size of cartridge case include the 2A38, 2A38M, and 2A72 autocannons for various vehicle, helicopter and air defence applications, as well as numerous single-, dual- and six-barrel naval and air force cannons. The 2A42, 2A38, 2A38M, and 2A72 fire percussion-primed ammunition; the naval and aerial cannons use electrical priming, and therefore their ammunition is not interchangeable with the land-based ammunition types, despite the same cartridge case size. Originally three basic types of ammunition were developed in the Soviet Union for the land-based weapons: high-explosive incendiary, high-explosive fragmentation with tracer, and an armour-piercing ballistic capped with tracer. Later a sub-caliber armour-piercing round was introduced, and today also countries other than Soviet Union/Russia manufacture 30 x 165 percussion-primed ammunition."
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Name"
value"3UOF8"
name"Type"
value"305 HE-type rounds"
name"Caliber"
value"30 mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"30 × 165"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"960"
units"m/s"
name"Basic Load"
value"INA"
units"ea"
name"Lethal Radius"
value"5.95"
units"m2"
name"Charge Type"
value"A-IX-2"
name"Note"
value"A high-explosive incendiary round with A-670M nose fuze.The fuze produces a 0.15 millisecond delay on impact, and a self-destruct mechanism detonating the projectile after 7.5 to 14.5 seconds of flight (3900–5300 m distance from muzzle)."
properties
name""
value""
name""
value""
name""
value""
variants
name"2A42"
notes"standard version."
name"2A72"
notes"lighter simplified variant with a lower number of parts, a longer barrel, and higher muzzle velocity, but also a lower rate of fire."
name"ABM-M30M3"
notes"remote Weapon Station made by Impulse-2, for Uran-9 or different armored vehicles."
name"ABM-M30M3 Vikhr"
notes"another remote weapon station made by Impulse-2."
name"TRT-30"
notes"remote weapon station."
type"WEG"
version1
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