WEG MediaWiki

2K6 Luna (FROG-5) Russian Artillery Rocket System

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Rocket Artillery Systems"
"Light Rocket Systems (Up to 50 km)"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Afghanistan"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Cuba"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Germany"
"PRO_Iraq"
"PRO_Libya"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Poland"
"PRO_Romania"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Syria"
"PRO_Yemen"
"Land"
"Tier4"
notes"The 2K6 Luna (Russian: Луна; English: moon) is a Soviet short-range artillery rocket complex. Luna rockets are solid-fuel, unguided and spin-stabilized. "2K6" is its GRAU designation. Its NATO reporting names are FROG-3 (with 3R9 missile) and FROG-5 (with 3R10 missile). From 1965, the 2K6 Luna was replaced by the far more successful 9K52 Luna-M, which was known in the West as the FROG-7. The Luna system was developed in NII-1 in 1953, under the supervision of N. P. Mazurov. Luna followed the earlier designs 2K1 Mars and 2K4 Filin. While NII-1 was responsible for the rocket, the launch and transporter-loader vehicles were designed by TsNII-58. The initial system name was S-125A "Pion". In 1957 the prototypes of the launch vehicle (SPU S-123A on Ob'yekt 160 chassis), the transloader (TZM S-124A on Ob'yekt 161 chassis), and the 3R5 rocket were ready for evaluations. These were carried out in 1958 in Kapustin Yar and in 1959 in the Transbaikal Military District. As a result of these evaluations, it was decided to abandon the TZM, to improve the SPU and redesign the rocket. This led to the development of the 3R9 and 3R10 rockets. The decision to start series production was taken on 29 December 1959. The first five systems were ready in January 1960 after which the state acceptance trials were carried out until March of that same year. In 1960 the Luna system entered service with the Soviet Army where it remained until 1982. From 1960 till 1964, a total of 432 SPU 2P16s were produced. In the first year alone, 80 launch vehicles and 365 rockets were finished. The missile complex consisted of: * the launch vehicle SPU 2P16 (Ob'yekt 160), based on a modified PT-76B chassis with return rollers and fitted with a launch rail, elevation mechanism, stabilizing jacks, and a generator. Combat weight was 18 t; * the rocket 3R9 with conventional HE warhead 3N15 and with a range of 12 to 44.6 km, * the rocket 3R10 with a 400 kg nuclear warhead 3N14 and with a range of 10 to 32.1 km; * a 2U663 missile transporter, based on the ZiL-157V, with 2 missiles; * a 2U662 vehicle to transport and store nuclear warheads; * a mobile crane ADK K52 (on MAZ-502), ADK K61 (on MAZ-200) or 9T31 (on Ural-375); * sets of maintenance vehicles PRTB-1, 2U659, etc.; * control and command vehicle PU-2 and * a training set with training rocket PV-65 or 3R11 with training warhead 3N16. There have been a couple of variants of the launch vehicle, for example, the 2P21, also known as Br-226-II, on ZiL-134 8x8 truck, but these never entered service."
dateOfIntroduction1960
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Afghanistan, Algeria, Cuba, Egypt, Germany, Iraq, Libya, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Syria, Yemen"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Afghanistan"
"Algeria"
"Cuba"
"Egypt"
"Germany"
"Iraq"
"Libya"
"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"Poland"
"Romania"
"Russian Federation"
"Syria"
"Yemen"
dis
name"Unknown"
string"00.00.000.000.000.000.000"
images
"FROG(AA).jpg"
"FROG(BB).jpg"
"FROG(CC).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"2K6 Luna; FROG-5"
name"Type"
value"Artillery Rocket System"
name"Family"
value"2K6 Luna"
name"Crew"
value"5"
units"ea"
name"Chassis"
value"2P16 TEL"
name"Displacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"INA"
name"Width"
value"INA"
name"Height"
value"INA"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"18"
units"tons"
name"Ground Pressure"
value"INA"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"INA"
name"Engine Type"
value"Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"INA"
name"Cruising Range"
value"INA"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"INA"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"INA"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"Not Amphibious"
name"Fording Depth"
value"INA"
name"Main Weapon System"
sections
name"Launcher"
properties
name"Name"
value"SPU 2P16 (Ob'yekt 160)"
name"Type"
value"TEL"
name"Weight"
value"18"
units"tons"
name"Missile System"
properties
name"Name"
value"3R10 Missile (FROG-5)"
name"Type"
value"Short-Range Ballistic Missile"
name"Engine"
value"RDTT 3Zh6"
name"Length"
value"INA"
name"Diameter"
value"INA"
name"Weight"
value"INA"
name"Guidance System"
value"Ballistic"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"45"
units"km"
name"Warhead Type"
value"High Explosive, Nuclear"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"INA"
name"Thermal Sight Vehicle Commander"
value"INA"
name"Thermal Sight Gunner"
value"INA"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"INA"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"INA"
name"Turret Armor"
value"NA"
name"Applique Armor"
value"No"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No"
name"Active Protection System"
value"No"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"No"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"No"
name"NBC Protection"
value"INA"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"INA"
variants
name"FROG 3"
notes"with 3R9 missile"
name"FROG-7"
notes"From 1965, the 2K6 Luna was replaced by the far more successful 9K52 Luna-M, which was known in the West as the FROG-7."
type"WEG"
version1
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