WEG MediaWiki

2S3 Akatsiya (M1973) Russian 152mm Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)

tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"Self-Propelled Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Angola"
"PRO_Armenia"
"PRO_Azerbaijan"
"PRO_Belarus"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_Cuba"
"PRO_Ethiopia"
"PRO_Georgia"
"PRO_Kazakhstan"
"PRO_Libya"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Slovakia"
"PRO_Syria"
"PRO_Turkmenistan"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_Uzbekistan"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"Land"
"Tier3"
notes"2S3 Akatsiya SO-152 (СО-152) is a Soviet 152.4 mm self-propelled gun developed in 1968. It was a response to the American 155 mm M109. The development started in 1967 according to the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union from July 4, 1967. In 1968 the SO-152 was completed and in 1971 entered service. Its GRAU designation is 2S3 (2С3). The fighting vehicle also received the additional designation Akatsiya (Акация), which is Russian for acacia. The Akatsiya is armed with a 152.4 mm howitzer based on the Soviet 152.4 mm D-20 howitzer and is sometimes confused with the M109 self-propelled artillery. The artillery system was developed at design bureau No. 9 of Sverdlovsk. The factory designation of the howitzer is D-22 and the GRAU designation, 2A33. The chassis was developed by Uraltransmash. The driver's and engine-transmission compartments are located in the front part of a hull, the fighting compartment with a rotatory turret in the middle and rear parts of the hull. The armor is welded rolled steel. The SPG is equipped with an R-123 radio set, an R-124 intercom, an automatic CBRN defense system with filtration unit, and fire-fighting equipment. The V-59 12-cylinder four-stroke water-cooled diesel engine connects to a mechanical two-gear transmission. The gearbox is combined into one block with planetary steering gear. The 2S3 has self-entrenching equipment which allows it to prepare a trench within 20–40 min. The crew consists of 4–6 men: a driver, a gunner, a loader, a commander, and two ammunition bearers, which are positioned to the rear of the vehicle feeding rounds through two hatches in the hull rear when in masked firing position."
dateOfIntroduction1971
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, CFE Treaty, Cuba, Ethiopia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Libya, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Syria, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Algeria"
"Angola"
"Armenia"
"Azerbaijan"
"Belarus"
"CFE Treaty"
"Cuba"
"Ethiopia"
"Georgia"
"Kazakhstan"
"Libya"
"Russian Federation"
"Slovakia"
"Syria"
"Turkmenistan"
"Ukraine"
"Uzbekistan"
"Viet Nam"
dis
name"152MM SP HOW 2S3"
string"01.01.222.004.001.000.000"
images
"2S3_Akatsiya_(DD).jpg"
"2S3Akatsiya(C).jpg"
"2S3Akatsiya(B).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"2S3 Akatsiya, SO-152 (СО-152), Designated M1973 by the U.S. Army"
name"Type"
value"Self-propelled gun"
name"Caliber"
value"152 mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Uraltransmash"
name"Chassis"
value"Object 123 tracked chassis"
name"Crew"
value"4-6"
units"ea"
name"Family"
value"2S3 Family"
name"Displacement Time"
value"3"
units"min"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"3"
units"min"
name"Note"
value"The 2S3 is a Tier 2 weapon because it has been identified as one of the top 52 pieces of Russian Military Equipment."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length (Overall)"
value"8.4"
units"m"
name"Length (Hull)"
value"7.765"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"3.25"
units"m"
name"Height"
value"3.05"
units"m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"27,500"
units"kg"
name"Ground Clearance"
value"0.45"
units"m"
name"Track Width"
value"480"
units"mm"
name"Length of track on ground:"
value"4.94"
units"m"
name"Ground pressure"
value"0.59kg/cm² (57859Pa) (8.39psi)"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"V-59"
name"Engine Type"
value"Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"520"
units"hp"
name"Power to Weight Ratio"
value"17.3"
units"hp/ton"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"830"
units"liters"
name"Transmission"
value"Mechanical two-gear transmission"
name"Suspension"
value"Torsion bar"
name"Cruising Range"
value"500"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"60"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"INA"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"Not Amphibious"
name"Gradient"
value"60 %"
name"Side Slope"
value"30 %"
name"Vertical Setp"
value"0.7"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"3.0"
units"m"
name"Fording Depth"
value"1.0"
units"m"
name"Time to dig Trench"
value"20-40"
units"min"
name"Communications"
properties
name"Primary Radio"
value"R-123 radio set"
name"Intercom"
value"R-124 intercom"
name"Main Gun"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 × turret mounted 152 mm 2A33 howitzer"
name"Type"
value"Howitzer"
name"Caliber"
value"152 mm"
name"Length, Barrel"
value"5.2"
units"m"
name"Loader Type"
value"Semi-automatic"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"3-4"
units"rds/min"
name"Sustain Rate of Fire"
value"1"
units"rds/min"
name"Rapid Fire"
value"4"
units"rds/min"
name"Breech Type"
value"Semi-automatic vertical wedge breechblock and an ejector"
name"Muzzle Brake Type"
value"Double-baffle muzzle brake"
name"Max Elevation"
value"+60"
units"deg"
name"Min Elevation"
value"-4"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Range"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Projectile Carousel"
value"Automatically revolves 30 deg"
name"Bore Evacuator"
value"Yes, behind the muzzle brake"
name"Fume Extractor"
value"Yes"
name"Traveling Lock"
value"Gun barrel traveling lock"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Type"
value"OF-540 HE-Frag"
name"Caliber"
value"152"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"655"
units"m/s"
name"Fuse Type"
value"RGM-2 fuze"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"17.4"
units"km"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"43.56"
units"kg"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"7.76"
units"kg"
name"Maximum Range"
value"18.5"
units"km"
name"Basic Load"
value"46 Total, any combination of Russian 152mm Projectiles"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Type"
value"OF-25 HE-Frag"
name"Caliber"
value"152"
units"mm"
name"Maximum Range"
value"18.5"
units"km"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"43.56"
units"kg"
name"Note"
value"The 2S3 Akatsiya can fire the following 152mm Projectiles: BP-540 HEAT-FS (sight distance is 3 km, 250 mm armor penetration), Br-540B and Br-540 AP-T (115–120 mm armor penetration at a 1000 m), OF-38 Krasnopol laser-guided rocket-assisted projectiles, S1 illuminating, ZH3 smoke, nuclear projectiles (with explosive capacity of 2 kt). Secondary armament consists of a remotely controlled 7.62 mm PKT tank machine gun on commander's cupola for anti-aircraft defence and self-defence at close range."
name"Basic Load"
value"46 Total, any combination of Russian 152mm Projectiles"
name"Coaxial Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x PKT (Kalashnikov's Machine Gun) 7.62mm General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name""
value"General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Type"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"650"
units"rds/min"
name"Function"
value"In use as a front-line infantry and vehicle-mounted weapon with Russia's armed forces."
name"In Service"
value"1961-present"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Degtyaryov plant"
name"Proliferation"
value"1 Million +"
name"Weight (Gun Only)"
value"9"
units"kg"
name"Weight (Tripod Only)"
value"7.7"
units"kg"
name"Length (Overall)"
value"1,203"
units"mm"
name"Length (Barrel)"
value"605"
units"mm"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated, open bolt"
name"Feed System"
value"Non-disintegrating metal 50 round belts in 100 and 200/250 round ammunition boxes"
name"Sights"
value"Iron Sights"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"825"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Range (Iron Sights)"
value"100-1,000"
units"m"
name"Effective Range (With Sight Adjustments)"
value"100-1,500"
units"m"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"3,800"
units"m"
name"Basic Load"
value"1,000"
units"ea"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Yes"
name"Thermal Sight Vehicle Commander"
value"Yes, PG-4 sight"
name"Thermal Sight Gunner"
value"Yes, OP5-38 gunner's telescope"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"INA"
name"Indirect Fire"
value"PG-4 Panoramic Telescope (PANTEL)"
name"Direct Fire"
value"OP 5-38"
name"Collimator"
value"K-1"
name"Commander Cupola Range"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Searchlight"
value"OU-3K infra-red/white light searchlight"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"15"
units"mm"
name"Turret Armor"
value"20"
units"mm"
name"Applique Armor"
value"INA"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No"
name"Active Protection System"
value"No"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"No"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"Yes"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes, Automatic CBRN defense system with filtration unit"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"No"
name"Fire Suppression System"
value"Yes"
variants
name"2S3 (SO-152)"
notes"Basic variant, developed in 1968. Produced in 1970–1975. Two modifications used D-11 and D-11M howitzers."
name"2S3M (SO-152M)"
notes"Equipped with a mechanized drum-type stowage for 12 rounds, the amount of hatches in rear armored plates of the hull and the turret was reduced, the configuration of those hatches was changed, antenna of R-123 radio set was transferred on a turret top. Ammunition was increased from 40 to 46 rounds (usually consists of 42 OF-540 and OF-25 HE-Frag projectiles, and of 4 BP-540 HEAT-FS projectiles). Much more powerful OF-29 HE-Frag projectiles and OF-38 Krasnopol laser-guided rocket-assisted projectiles were developed for SO-152M. The modernized howitzer has a designator 2A33. Produced in 1975–1987."
name"2S3M1 (SO-152M1)"
notes"Equipped with a command data acquisition and display equipment, and with a new SP-538 sight. OF-38 Krasnopol laser-guided rocket-assisted projectiles were added to standard ammunition. Produced in 1987–1993. All 2S3s and 2S3Ms were modernized to 2S3M1 level."
name"2S3M2 (SO-152M2)"
notes"Modernized variant equipped with an automatic fire control system, a satellite navigational system, and smoke grenade launchers. Developed in 2000."
name"2S3M2-155"
notes"An export-oriented variant of 2S3M2 equipped with a new 155 mm M-385 howitzer. Developed in 2000."
name"2S3M3"
notes"An experimental variant of 2S3M2 equipped with a further improved fire control system and a modernized howitzer 2A33M that can fire ordnance of a more powerful 2A65 howitzer that equips the 2S19."
type"WEG"
version1
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