WEG MediaWiki

37 Viggen Swedish Multirole Aircraft

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Aircraft"
"Fixed Wing Aircraft"
"Multirole Aircraft"
"Sweden"
"PRO_Sweden"
"Air"
"Tier4"
"Sweden"
"Air"
"PRO_Sweden"
notes"The Sssn 37 Viggen ("Thunderbolt")[Nb 1] is a retired Swedish single-seat, single-engine, short-medium range combat aircraft. Development work on the type was initiated at Saab in 1952 and, following the selection of a radical delta wing configuration, the resulting aircraft performed its first flight on 8 February 1967 and entered service in 21 June 1971. It was the first canard design produced in quantity. The Viggen was also the most advanced[vague] fighter jet in Europe until the introduction of the Panavia Tornado into operational service in 1981. Several distinct variants of the Viggen were produced to perform the roles of strike fighter (AJ 37), aerial reconnaissance (SF 37), maritime patrol aircraft (SH 37) and a two-seat trainer (SK 37). In the late 1970s, the all-weather fighter-interceptor aircraft JA 37 variant was introduced. In November 2005, the Viggen was retired from service by the Swedish Air Force, the only operator, having been replaced by the newer Saab JAS 39 Gripen. The Viggen was powered by a single Volvo RM8 turbofan This was essentially a licence-built variant of the Pratt & Whitney JT8D engine that powered commercial airliners of the 1960s, with an afterburner added for the Viggen. The airframe also incorporated a thrust reverser to use during landings and land manoeuvres, which, combined with the aircraft having flight capabilities approaching a limited STOL-like performance, enabled operations from 500 m airstrips with minimal support. The thrust reverser could be pre-selected in the air to engage when the nose-wheel strut was compressed after touchdown via a pneumatic trigger. The requirements from the Swedish Air Force dictated Mach 2 capability at high altitude and Mach 1 at low altitude. At the same time, short-field take-off and landing performance was also required. Since the Viggen was developed initially as an attack aircraft instead of an interceptor (the Saab 35 Draken fulfilled this role), some emphasis was given to low fuel consumption at high subsonic speeds at low level for good range. With turbofan engines just emerging and indicating better fuel economy for cruise than turbojet engines, the former was favoured, since the latter were mainly limited by metallurgy development resulting from limitations in turbine temperature. Mechanical simplicity was also favoured, so the air intakes were simple D-section types with boundary layer splitter plates, while the fixed inlet had no adjustable geometry for improved pressure recovery. The disadvantage was that the required engine would be very large. In fact, at the time of introduction, it was the second largest fighter engine, with a length of 6.1 m and 1.35 m diameter; only the Tumansky R-15 was bigger. Saab had originally wanted the Rolls-Royce Medway as the Viggen's power plant. Owing to the cancellation of the Medway, the JT8D was instead chosen as the basis for modification. The RM8 became the second operational afterburning turbofan in the world, and also the first equipped with a thrust reverser. According to aviation author Christopher Chant, the RM8 has the distinction of being the first engine to be fitted with both an afterburner and a thrust reverser. It had a bypass ratio of around 1.07:1 in the RM8A, which reduced to 0.97:1 in the RM8B. The RM8A was the most powerful fighter engine in the late 1960s. The AJ, SF, SH and SK 37 models of the Viggen had the first version of the RM8A engine with uprated internal components from the JT8D that it was based on. Thrust was 65.6 kN dry and 115.6 kN with afterburner. For the JA 37, the RM8A was developed into the RM8B, achieved by adding a third low-pressure compressor stage over the preceding model, increasing the turbine inlet temperature and fuel diffusion within the combustion chamber. Thrust is 72.1 kN dry and 125.0 kN with afterburner. Owing to the increased length and weight of the RM8B engine over its predecessor, the airframe of the JA 37 was stretched in order to accommodate it. Onboard electrical power was provided by a 60 kVA generator. In the event of an in-flight engine failure, emergency power was provided by an automatically deploying ram air turbine (RAT), capable of generating 6 kVA"
dateOfIntroduction1971
countryOfOrigin"Sweden"
proliferation"Sweden"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Sweden"
dis
name"Unknown"
string"00.00.000.000.000.000.000"
images
"37(C).jpg"
"37(B).jpg"
"37(A).jpg"
sections
name"System"
sections
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Height "
value"5.6"
units"m"
name"Length "
value"16.3"
units"m"
name"Width, Wingspan "
value"10.6"
units"m"
name"Fuel and Load"
properties
name"Fuel Capacity, Internal "
value"5700.0"
units"liters"
name"Power Plant/Engine"
value"(1)14,750 lbs. thrust Svenska Flygmotor RM8A turbofan, 25,970 lbs. thrust with afterburner:"
name"Weight, Standard Payload, External "
value"6000.0"
units"kg"
name"Hardpoint/Weapon"
properties
name"Quantity "
value"7 to 9"
units"ea"
name"Survivability/Countermeasures"
properties
name"Type 1"
value"Survivability/Countermeasures"
name"Type 2"
value"0-75 km/hr. ejection seat."
name"Type 3"
value"ECM system:"
name"Type 4"
value"Chaff dispenser"
name"Type 5"
value"Deception jammer:"
properties
name"crew"
value"1.0"
name"Weight, Empty "
value"12250.0"
units"kg"
name"Weight, Maximum Gross "
value"20500.0"
units"kg"
name"Weight, Normal Takeoff "
value"16000.0"
units"kg"
name"Armament"
sections
name"Mixed Ordnance 1"
properties
name"Combat Load "
value"7 to 9"
units"rds"
name"Name"
value"RB28 Falcon AAM"
name"Type"
value"AAM"
name"Mixed Ordnance 2"
properties
name"Combat Load "
value"7 to 9"
units"rds"
name"Name"
value"RB24 or RB74 Sidewinder"
name"Mixed Ordnance 3"
properties
name"Combat Load "
value"7 to 9"
units"rds"
name"Name"
value"RB75 Maverick AGM"
name"Type"
value"ASM"
name"Mixed Ordnance 4"
properties
name"Caliber/Length "
value"75.0"
units"mm"
name"Combat Load "
value"19.0"
units"rds"
name"Type"
value"rocket pods"
name"Mixed Ordnance 5"
properties
name"Caliber/Length "
value"135.0"
units"mm"
name"Quantity "
value"4.0"
units"ea"
name"Type"
value"6 round rocket pods"
name"Mixed Ordnance 6"
properties
name"Caliber/Length "
value"30.0"
units"mm"
name"Name"
value"ADEN"
name"Type"
value"gun pods"
name"Mixed Ordnance 7"
properties
name"Combat Load "
value"2.0"
units"rds"
name"Name"
value"RB 71 Skyflash "
name"Type"
value"AAM"
name"Weapon 1"
properties
name"Caliber/Length "
value"30.0"
units"mm"
name"Name"
value"Oerlikon KCA (JA37)"
name"Type"
value"automatic cannon"
name"Weapon 1 "
properties
name"Combat Load "
value"150.0"
units"rds"
name"Performance"
properties
name"Ceiling "
value"18300.0"
units"m"
name"Combat Radius "
value"greater than 1000 (hi-lo-hi:; greater than 500 (lo-lo-lo)"
units"km"
name"Combat Range, with External Fuel "
value"2000.0"
units"km"
name"Ferry Range "
value"2250.0"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum ā€œGā€ Force "
value"+7 g"
units"g"
name"Speed, Maximum, at altitude "
value"2135.0"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Maximum, low or sea level "
value"1469.0"
units"km/h"
name"Takeoff Run/Landing Roll "
value"400/500"
units"m"
name"Vertical Climb Rate "
value"203.0"
units"m/s"
variants
name"AJ37"
notes"ALL-WEATHER ATTACK AIRCRAFT WITH INTERCEPT CAPABILITY."
name"AJS37"
notes"VIGGENS REFITTED FOR MULTI-ROLE SERVICE WITH UPGRADED CENTRAL COMPUTER AND ESM/ECM PYLON JAMMING POD DEVELOPED FOR THE JAS 39."
name"JA37:"
notes"AIR SUPERIORITY FIGHTER WITH STRIKE CAPABILITY; UPRATED RM8B ENGINE AND AVIONICS."
name"SF37:"
notes"ARMED PHOTO RECONNAISSANCE VERSION. EXTENSIVE IR AND ESM FIT INCLUDING RWR AND ELINT DATA RECORDERS. SH37: MARITIME RECONNAISSANCE/STRIKE VERSION HAS 2 SIDEWINDER AAM ON OUTER WING PYLONS."
name"SK37:"
notes"TWO-SEAT TRAINER VERSION."
type"WEG"
version1
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