WEG MediaWiki

BGM-71A TOW American Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM)

tiers
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categories
"WEG"
"Infantry Weapons"
"Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM)"
"United States"
"PRO_Argentina"
"PRO_Bahrain"
"PRO_Belgium"
"PRO_Botswana"
"PRO_Cameroon"
"PRO_Canada"
"PRO_Chad"
"PRO_Chile"
"PRO_Colombia"
"PRO_Croatia"
"PRO_Denmark"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Ethiopia"
"PRO_Finland"
"PRO_Germany"
"PRO_Greece"
"PRO_Hungary"
"PRO_Indonesia"
"PRO_Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"PRO_Iraq"
"PRO_Israel"
"PRO_Italy"
"PRO_Japan"
"PRO_Jordan"
"PRO_Kenya"
"PRO_Kuwait"
"PRO_Lebanon"
"PRO_Luxembourg"
"PRO_Mexico"
"PRO_Morocco"
"PRO_Norway"
"PRO_Oman"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_Philippines"
"PRO_Portugal"
"PRO_Saudi Arabia"
"PRO_Singapore"
"PRO_Somalia"
"PRO_South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Spain"
"PRO_Sweden"
"PRO_Switzerland"
"PRO_Thailand"
"PRO_Tunisia"
"PRO_Turkey"
"PRO_United Arab Emirates"
"PRO_United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland"
"PRO_United States of America"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"PRO_Yemen"
"Land"
"Tier4"
notes"The BGM-71A TOW ("Tube-launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided") is an American anti-tank missile. TOW replaced much smaller missiles like the SS.10 and ENTAC, offering roughly twice the effective range, a more powerful warhead, and a greatly improved semi-automatic guidance system that could also be equipped with infrared cameras for nighttime use. The U.S. BGM-71A TOW (tube-launched, optically tracked, wire-guided) weapon is the most widely distributed anti-tank guided missile in the world. It is fired from tripods, ground combat vehicles, and helicopters. First produced in 1970, TOW is one of the most widely used anti-tank guided missiles. It can be found in a wide variety of manually carried and vehicle-mounted forms, as well as widespread use on helicopters. Originally designed by Hughes Aircraft in the 1960s, the weapon is currently produced by Raytheon."
dateOfIntroduction1970
countryOfOrigin"United States"
proliferation"Argentina, Bahrain, Belgium, Botswana, Cameroon, Canada, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Denmark, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Mexico, Morocco, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Somalia, South Korea (Republic of Korea), Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America, Viet Nam, Yemen"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Argentina"
"Bahrain"
"Belgium"
"Botswana"
"Cameroon"
"Canada"
"Chad"
"Chile"
"Colombia"
"Croatia"
"Denmark"
"Egypt"
"Ethiopia"
"Finland"
"Germany"
"Greece"
"Hungary"
"Indonesia"
"Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"Iraq"
"Israel"
"Italy"
"Japan"
"Jordan"
"Kenya"
"Kuwait"
"Lebanon"
"Luxembourg"
"Mexico"
"Morocco"
"Norway"
"Oman"
"Pakistan"
"Philippines"
"Portugal"
"Saudi Arabia"
"Singapore"
"Somalia"
"South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"Spain"
"Sweden"
"Switzerland"
"Thailand"
"Tunisia"
"Turkey"
"United Arab Emirates"
"United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland"
"United States of America"
"Viet Nam"
"Yemen"
dis
name"US ARMY BGM 171 TOW II"
string"03.01.225.011.050.068.000"
images
"BGM-71_(DD).jpg"
"Bgm_71a_tow_missile_02.jpg"
"BGM_71A(C).jpg"
"BGM-71A_TOW_(A).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"BGM-71 ATOW"
name"Type"
value"Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM)"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Hughes Aircraft Company"
name"Family"
value"BGM-71 Series"
name"In Service"
value"1970-Present"
name"Crew"
value"Three soldiers, including commander, gunner and assistance gunner."
name"Displacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Note"
value"See ATGM System"
name"ATGM System"
sections
name"Launcher"
properties
name"Name"
value"BGM-71 TOW"
name"Type"
value"ATGM"
name"Configuration"
value"factory-sealed tube contains a cylindrical missile body w/pop-out cruciform wings indexed 45 deg off line from cruciform rudders; 2 rocket exhausts at mid-body; 2 guidance wire spools in tail"
name"Container Length"
value"1.28"
units"m"
name"Container Diameter"
value"218"
units"mm"
name"Note"
value"It is not a fire-and-forget type weapon. It requires the shooter to keep the target in the line of sight until the missile impacts."
name"Missile"
properties
name"Name"
value"BGM-71A/B TOW"
name"Type"
value"ATGM"
name"Missile Length"
value"1.16"
units"m"
name"Missile Diamter"
value"0.15"
units"m"
name"Fin Span"
value"0.46"
units"m"
name"Missile Weight"
value"18.9"
units"kg"
name"Warhead Type"
value"HEAT"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"2.63"
units"kg"
name"Maximum Range"
value"3"
units"km"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"430"
units"mm"
name"Guidance System"
value"Wire-Guided"
name"Speed"
value"300"
units"m/s"
name"Propulsion"
value"2 x Hercules solid-fuel rocket motors; first motor has short burn to allow TOW to clear tube; second motor sustains TOW flight until impact; TOW 2 motor provides 30 percent greater impulse than the basic TOW"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Analog"
name"Guidance System"
value"Semi-automatic command to line-of-sight (SACLOS) wire guidance"
name"Direct Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Optical Sensor"
value"Yes"
name"Infrared"
value"automatic tracking of xenon or thermal beacon in tail"
name"Night Sight"
value"Texas Instruments AN/TAS-4 thermal"
name"Thermal"
value"INA"
name"Proximity"
value"INA"
variants
name"BGM-71B"
notes"It has improved range to 3 750 m. This missile flies faster and has a longer wire. Otherwise, it is similar to the basic BGM-71A."
name"ITOW (Improved TOW), or BGM-71C"
notes"It was adopted by the US Army in 1976. This missile has an improved shape-charged warhead. It also has an extensible probe that triggers the detonation of the warhead and provides optimum detonation distance. The probe is extended after the launch. This missile penetrates 630 mm of steel armor."
name"TOW 2"
notes"is an upgraded version of the TOW. It entered service with the US Army in 1983. This weapon system is composed of a new BGM-71D missile, a new reusable launcher, a missile guidance set, and a sight system. The launcher is lighter. It is compatible with all previous TOW missiles. It has thermal optics and can be used at night. The new missile has a larger warhead (5.9 kg) with the extensible probe, as well as improved guidance. Over 77 000 BGM-71D anti-tank guided missiles were produced."
name"TOW 2A or BGM-71E"
notes"It appeared in 1987. It has a tandem warhead and is intended to defeat tanks with Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA). It penetrates 900 mm of steel armor behind ERA. Newer missiles, starting from the TOW 2A are produced both in wireless and wire-guided forms. The wireless missiles require no special alterations to the launcher. Over 34 000 of the BGM-71E missiles have been delivered. In 2003 these missiles were used by US Marines in Iraq, destroying several Iraqi T-72 tanks."
name"TOW 2B or BGM-71F"
notes"is a top-attack missile. It appeared in 1987. This missile explodes above a tank to penetrate its thin top armor. In concept, it is similar to a Swedish RBS 56 BILL. It has a maximum range of 4 200 m. Its warhead weighs 6.14 kg. This missile lacks an extensible probe. These anti-tank missiles are produced in wireless and wire-guided forms. The first unit was equipped with these missiles in 1992. In 2003 these missiles, alongside the TOW 2As were used by US Marines in Iraq, destroying several Iraqi T-72 tanks. The conflict marked the first operational firing of the TOW 2B missiles. However, during combat in Afghanistan, the TOW 2B was found to be less effective than the older TOW 2A."
name"TOW 2N"
notes"TOW 2N was an improved anti-tank system, that used missile with wireless data link. It appeared in 1989. However this weapon was not adopted by the US military."
name"BGM-71G"
notes"BGM-71G is a top-attack missile with different warhead. It also lacks extensible probe."
name"BGM-71H"
notes"BGM-71H is a bunker-busting missile. It is used against buildings or fortified structures. This missile has a range of 3 750 m. This missile is produced in wireless and wire-guided forms"
name"TOW 2B Aero"
notes"an extended-range version with a maximum range of 4.5 km. Previously this weapon was known as TOW 2B (ER). This missile is produced in wireless and wire-guided forms."
name"Toophan"
notes"Toophan is an Iranian reverse-engineered version of the TOW."
type"WEG"
version1
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