WEG MediaWiki

BMD-1 Russian Airborne Amphibious Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Infantry Vehicles"
"Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs)"
"Airborne Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Angola"
"PRO_Armenia"
"PRO_Azerbaijan"
"PRO_Belarus"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_India"
"PRO_Kazakhstan"
"PRO_Kyrgyzstan"
"PRO_Moldova"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Turkmenistan"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_Uzbekistan"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"Land"
"Tier4"
notes"The BMD-1 is an airborne infantry tracked armored vehicle, which entered the service to the Russian army airborne units in 1969 and was the first shown to the public during a parade held in Moscow in November 1973. The vehicle was called the M1970 before its Russian designation became known. Development started in 1965 and limited production began in 1968 and ended in 1969. After operational trials, it was deployed in limited numbers by 1969 and the serial production started in 1970, although the vehicle weight 500 kg more than what the requirements stated (7.5 tonnes and 13.3 tonnes when loaded with equipment). In the late 1970s a new modernized vehicle received a designation BMD-1P following the adoption of the new 9P135M-1 ATGM launcher instead of 9S428 ATGM launcher, firing the 9M113 "Konkurs" (AT-5 Spandrel). In 1983, based on the combat experience in Afghanistan a decision was made to produce a new variant of the BMD with a weapon capable of engaging targets such as those faced by the airborne troops in that conflict. This resulted in "Ob'yekt 916" which later became BMD-2. A lengthened chassis of BMD-1 served as a basis for the BTR-D airborne multi-purpose tracked APC which itself served as a basis for many specialized airborne vehicles. The BMD-1 is always currently used by the Russian airborne troops. BMD-1 and BMD-1PK IFVs are used by Russian airborne units of KFOR. BMD-1 IFVs were used by Russian airborne units of SFOR."
dateOfIntroduction1969
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, CFE Treaty, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Angola"
"Armenia"
"Azerbaijan"
"Belarus"
"CFE Treaty"
"India"
"Kazakhstan"
"Kyrgyzstan"
"Moldova"
"Russian Federation"
"Turkmenistan"
"Ukraine"
"Uzbekistan"
"Viet Nam"
dis
name"BMD 1"
string"01.01.222.002.011.001.000"
images
"BMD-1(C).jpg"
"BMD-1(B).jpg"
"BMD-1.jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"BMD-1"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Volgograd Tractor Plant"
name"Type"
value"Airborne Amphibious Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)"
name"Chassis"
value"S-120 and based on the aluminium hull of the BTR-D airborne multi-purpose tracked armoured personnel carrier"
name"Crew"
value"3"
units"ea"
name"Passengers"
value"4"
units"ea"
name"Displacement Time"
value"30"
units"min"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"30"
units"min"
name"Airborne Capable"
value"Yes"
name"Parachute System"
value"PRSM-916 parachute system, or the PRSM-925 for combat deployments"
name"Airdrop Height"
value"500-1,500"
units"m"
name"Note"
value"The BMD-1 can be distinguished from all other BMD variants firstly by the large gun that is its main armament, and secondly by its road wheels that have a star-shaped centre and dual rims."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length, Overall"
value"5.40 m"
name"Length, Hull"
value"5.40 m"
name"Width"
value"2.63 m"
name"Height"
value"1.62 m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"7,500 kg"
name"Ground Pressure"
value"0.57 kg/cm² (55,898 Pa) (8.11 psi)"
name"Ground Clearance"
value"0.45 m"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"5D20"
name"Engine Type"
value"V-6, water cooled, Diesel Engine"
name"Engine Power"
value"240"
units"hp"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"300 liters"
name"Suspension"
value"hydropneumatics"
name"Cruising Range"
value"320"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"70"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"40"
units"km/h"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"10"
units"km/h"
name"Graident"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Side Slope"
value"30"
units"%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"0.8"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"1.6"
units"m"
name"Fording Depth"
value"Amphibious"
name"Communications"
properties
name"Type"
value"R-173"
name"Main Gun"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x 2A28 Grom 73mm smooth bore semi-automatic gun"
name"Type"
value"Smoothbore Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"73"
units"mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"KBP"
name"Length, Barrel"
value"1,195"
units"mm"
name"Height"
value"322"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"115"
units"kg"
name"Width"
value"218"
units"mm"
name"Electric Motor"
value"Yes, with a manual mechanical backup"
name"Magazine Type"
value"forty-round mechanized conveyor double-row magazine"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"8-10"
units"rds/min"
name"Loader Type"
value"M3 electromechanical autoloader with ammunition conveyor"
name"Max Elevation"
value"+33"
units"deg"
name"Min Elevation"
value"-4"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Range"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Left"
value"180"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Right"
value"180"
units"deg"
name"Note"
value"The BMD-1 can also fire ATGM launcher (three 9M14M or 9M113 or 9M111M ATGMs)"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Type"
value"OG-15V HE-Frag"
name"Caliber"
value"73"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"290"
units"m/s"
name"Weight"
value"4.57"
units"kg"
name"Shell"
value"OG-9 shell with a 0.73 kg (1 lb 10 oz) TNT bursting charge"
name"Basic Load"
value"16 Total OG-15V HE-Frag Projectiles"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Type"
value"PG-15V (HEAT)"
name"Caliber"
value"73"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"400"
units"m/s"
name"Stabilizer Type"
value"fixed fin-stabilized rocket-assisted round."
name"Weight"
value"3.47"
units"kg"
name"Shell"
value"2.6"
units"kg"
name"Explosive Type"
value"RDX explosive charge in the warhead"
name"Explosive Weight"
value"0.322"
units"kg"
name"Penetration"
value"280-350"
units"mm"
name"Basic Load"
value"24 Total PG-15V Projectiles"
name"Note"
value"Once the projectile has travelled 10–20 m (33–66 ft), the rocket motor starts and accelerates it to 700 m/s (2,300 ft/s)."
name"Anti-Tank Guided Weapons (ATGW)"
properties
name"Name"
value"Kolomna Malyutka (Baby) 9M14"
name"Type"
value"wire-guided ATGW"
name"Minimum Range"
value"500"
units"m"
name"Maximum Range"
value"3,000"
units"m"
name"Maximum Speed (throughout the Flight)"
value"130"
units"m/s"
name"Flight Time"
value"25"
units"sec"
name"Warhead Type"
value"HEAT Warhead"
name"Penetration"
value"400"
units"mm"
name"Coaxial Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x PKT (Kalashnikov's Machine Gun) 7.62mm General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Type"
value"General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Degtyaryov plant"
name"Function"
value"In use as a front-line infantry and vehicle-mounted weapon with Russia's armed forces"
name"In Service"
value"1961-present"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"650"
units"rds/min"
name"Length (Overall)"
value"1,203"
units"mm"
name"Length (Barrel)"
value"605"
units"mm"
name"Weight (Gun Only)"
value"9"
units"kg"
name"Weight (Tripod Only)"
value"7.7"
units"kg"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated, open bolt"
name"Feed System"
value"Non-disintegrating metal 50 round belts in 100 and 200/250 round ammunition boxes"
name"Sights"
value"Iron Sights"
name"Note"
value"The PKT can be controlled remotely"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"825"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Effective Range (With Sight Adjustments)"
value"100-1,500"
units"m"
name"Basic Load"
value"1,500"
units"ea"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Yes"
name"Thermal Sight Vehicle Commander"
value"Yes, with three day vision devices"
name"Thermal Sight Gunner"
value"Yes, dual-mode 1PN22M1 monocular periscopic sight mounted on the left side of the turret roof."
name"Driver Sight"
value"TNPO-170 periscope"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"INA"
name"Indirect Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Direct Fire"
value"INA"
name"Land Navigation"
value"Yes"
name"Searchlight"
value"IR searchlight"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Armor Type"
value"The BMD-1 is built from welded aluminum armor and the turret from welded steel."
name"Hull Armor"
value"It is thought to be capable of stopping 12.7 mm rounds fired at the front of the vehicle from a range of 200 m. The sides are likely to provide protection from 7.62 mm rounds fired at typical combat ranges. 15 mm at 50° lower hull front, 10 mm rest of the hull"
name"Turret Armor"
value"23 mm at 42° turret front; 19 mm at 36° turret side; 13 mm at 30° turret rear ; 6 mm turret top"
name"Gun Mantlet"
value"33"
units"mm"
name"Applique Armor"
value"INA"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No"
name"Active Protection System"
value"INA"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"No"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"Available, The BMD-1 carries the ubiquitous un-ditching beam that is present on most Soviet tracked vehicles."
name"NBC Protection"
value"PAZ NBC system"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"INA"
name"Fire-Extinguishing System."
value"PPO centralised ethylene-bromide fire-extinguishing system"
name"CVI: HATS"
properties
name"Hull"
value"Arrow-shaped front edge with trim vane folded on top and a sloped rear end. Distinct truck bed appearance in the rear. Bow features a gunner's MG port. Hull has bullet deflectors. Engine exhaust ports on top rear of vehicle, left and right sides. Hydro propulsion system jets visible on rear of vehicle."
name"Armament"
value"73mm cannon, may include rail on top for AT-3 "Sagger" ATGM. 7.62 coaxial machine gun."
name"Turret"
value"One-man small turret, shape of a frying pan."
name"Suspension"
value"5 evenly-spaced road wheels. Rear sprocket drive supported track with 4 track support rollers."
variants
name"BMD-1"
notes"First production model."
name"BMD-1K"
notes"(K stands for komandirskaya – command) – Command variant fitted with R-126 and R-107 transceivers, two Clothes Rail antennas and a generator box. It's sometimes called BMD-K."
name"BMD-1P"
notes"BMD-1 modernization with its 9S428 ATGM launcher replaced by pintle-mounted 9P135M-1 ATGM launcher capable of firing 9M113 "Konkurs" (AT-5 Spandrel), 9M113M "Konkurs-M" (AT-5B Spandrel B), 9M111 "Fagot" (AT-4 Spigot) and 9M111-2 "Fagot" (AT-4B Spigot B) ATGMs. Entered service in 1977."
name"2S9 NONA Russian 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar (SPM)"
notes"The 120 mm SO-120 2S9 Anona (Anemone) self-propelled gun/mortar (SPG/M) was first seen in public in May 1985 and is an airborne artillery assault vehicle that was developed to carry out two tactical functions."
page"2S9 NONA Russian 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar (SPM)"
name"2S9-1 Russian 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar (SPM)"
notes"120mm Self-Propelled Mortar (SPM)"
page"2S9-1 Russian 120mm Self-Propelled Mortar (SPM)"
name"2S9-1M"
notes"The 2S9-1M is an upgraded variant of the baseline SO-120 2S9 Anona-S. The upgraded vehicle is designed to maintain the battlefield viability of the original SO-120 until a replacement - likely to be the Lotus fire support vehicle based on the BMD-4M - can be developed and introduced into service."
name"BMD-1PK"
notes"(K stands for komandirskaya – command) – Command variant of BMD-1P. It is fitted with an additional R-123M radio set, a generator, the GPK-59 gyroscopic compass, the PRKhR radiation and chemical reconnaissance unit and two attachable tables. The machine gun mounted in the left corner of the bow of the hull has been eliminated as well as one of the seats. The crew consists of 6 men. The ammo load was reduced by one 9M113 "Konkurs" (AT-5 Spandrel) ATGM and 250 7.62 mm machine gun rounds"
name"BMD-1M"
notes"BMD-1 with smoke grenade launchers on the rear of the turret, improved ventilation and road wheels."
name"BMD-2 (Ob'yekt 916)"
notes"BMD-1 variant with a new one-man turret armed with stabilized 30 mm 2A42 multi-purpose autocannon and 7.62 mm PKT coaxial tank machine gun (mounted on the right hand side of the main gun). The vehicle carries 300 rounds for the main gun (180 AP and 120 HE) and 2,940 rounds for the machine gun. The gun has a maximum elevation of 75° and can be used to fire at air targets. The turret is also armed with pintle-mounted 9P135M launcher, on the right hand side of the roof of the turret, with semi-automatic control capable of firing SACLOS guided 9M113 "Konkurs" (AT-5 Spandrel) and 9M113M "Konkurs-M" (AT-5B Spandrel B) ATGMs. The new turret seats the gunner on the left hand side of the main gun. On top of the turret there's one single piece circular hatch opening to the front. Located in front of the said hatch is the gunner's sight which is the same one as the one used in BMP-2. Another gunner's sight is located on the left hand side of the main gun and moves in vertical planes along with it. It is a high angle of fire sight used when the gunner is aiming at air targets. The vehicle also has additional periscopes that provide it with vision on the sides. A white searchlight is mounted in front of the turret. The amount of bow mounted tank machine guns decreased from two to one. The right hand side bow mounted machine gun was preserved. NATO gave it the designation BMD M1981/1."
name"BTR-D (Ob'yekt 925)"
notes"Lengthened variant (with 6 rather than 5 road wheels), slightly up-armoured at the front. The BTR-D has no turret, but is armed with two bow-mounted machine guns PKB and can be fitted with pintle-mounted automatic grenade launchers (AGS-17, AGS-30 or AGS-57) and/or machine guns (PKM, 6P41, "Utyos" or "Kord"). Entered service in 1974 and can carry 10 passengers. Combat weight: 8.5 tons."
name"BMD-KShM"
notes"The BMD-KShM is a long-range C2l vehicle for use with the VDV. It is also used as the control centre for unmanned aerial systems (UAS) to conduct battlefield reconnaissance."
name"BMD-1 R-440 ODB"
notes"This is the BTR-D fitted with the R-440 SATCOMs system. The vehicle is believed to be a mobile version of the R-440 (NATO codename 'Park Drive') and is also known as Kristall-BDS."
name"1V119 Spektr"
notes"This is normally deployed at battery level and is designed to be used as an artillery fire-detection centre. It is used alongside the SO-120 to co-ordinate return fire and improve the efficacy of the system when the wider framework of Russian artillery support platforms is not available."
type"WEG"
version1
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