WEG MediaWiki

BMD-3 Russian Airborne Amphibious Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)

tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Infantry Vehicles"
"Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs)"
"Airborne Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Angola"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"Land"
"Tier3"
notes"The BMD-3 (Boyevaya Mashina Desanta, Russian "Боевая Машина Десанта", literally "Combat Vehicle of the Airborne") is an infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) originating from the former Soviet Union. The BMD-3 was designed to address the flaws in the BMD-1 and BMD-2 designs. This armored fighting vehicle is one of the lightest in its class and is intended to be a fire support platform for use by airborne and air assault units. The primary armament is a 30 mm 2A42 autocannon capable of firing different types of ammunition which include high-explosive and armor-piecing. The BMD-3 possesses multiple secondary weapons such as the 9M113 Konkurs missile and the AGS-17 grenade launcher to defeat a wide range of targets from enemy infantry to other armored fighting vehicles. The development of this 3rd generation airborne combat vehicle was initiated during the same time frame of the development of the BMP-3. However, the results of the development showed that the mass of the BMP-3 with landing facilities will significantly exceed 20 tones limiting an Il-76 to transporting one vehicle. In the early 1980s, the creation of an airborne combat vehicle was initiated. During the design, two options were considered for the BMD-3. The first one included a chassis weighing over 18 tones with a 100 mm 2A70 rifled gun and a coaxial 30 mm 2A72 autocannon. The second option was to use the combat module with a 30 mm 2A42 autocannon. Thus, an IL-76 could be loaded either with two airborne combat vehicles weighing 18 tones, or three airborne combat vehicles weighing 12.5 tones. Research showed that the latter version of the new BMD-3 ran much more efficiently. On the basis of the experience gained and the results of the research, the Council of Ministers of the USSR and the CPSU number 451-159 officially opened the ROC under the code "Bakhcha" on 20 May 1983. Work included the development of an airborne combat vehicle weighing 12.5 tones with the Volgograd tractor factory appointed as the head developer. One month later, an agreement was made for the tactical and technical requirements for the new BMD as well as a complete technical design stage. When developing the new BMD, the experience gained in the course of work on the BMD-1 and "Object 934" light tank was used. By 1985, the acceptance testing of three new BMD prototypes was completed. The test results revealed that all the samples exceeded the permissible mass by 190–290 kg and that the running vehicle gave numerous failures. The design bureau VgTZ fixed most of the shortcomings and were eliminated. By May 1986, the refined BMD prototypes completed preliminary tests with three more prototypes developed by the Volgograd tractor factory. These were sent to the state test for another evaluation. New samples exceeded the permissible mass by 400 kg, as they were made subject to measures of improving the reliability of the running transmission gears. The BMD state tests took place between 27 October 1986 and 27 October 1987. According to test results, two to three vehicles were completed and sent to the control tests in different climatic zones conducted from 10 July to 19 November 1988. The conclusion for the "Bakhcha" was assessed as positive with the vehicle fulfilling the tactical and technical requirements set by the airborne troops. On 10 February 1990, the USSR adopted the "Object 950" IFV into service under the designation BMD-3. The serial production of the BMD-3 was then initiated and continued until 1997. Excluding six prototypes produced before 1990, 137 BMD-3s were produced from the year of its adoption to the end of its serial production."
dateOfIntroduction1990
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Angola, CFE Treaty, China, Russian Federation"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Angola"
"CFE Treaty"
"China"
"Russian Federation"
dis
name"BMD 3 IFV"
string"01.01.222.002.011.007.000"
images
"BMD-3(B).jpg"
"BMD-3.jpg"
"BMD-3_.jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"BMD-3"
name"Type"
value"Airborne Infantry Fighting Vehicle"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Volgograd tractor factory"
name"Family"
value"BMD-3"
name"Crew"
value"3"
units"ea"
name"Passenger Capacity"
value"4"
units"ea"
name"Amphibious"
value"Yes, The BMD-3 is amphibious and propelled in the water by two water-jets mounted on both sides at the rear of the vehicle"
name"Buoyancy Reserve"
value"More than 30% of its own displacement"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length, Overall"
value"6.36 m"
name"Length, Hull"
value"6.00 m"
name"Width"
value"3.134 m"
name"Height"
value"2.17 m"
name"Weight"
value"13,200 kg"
name"Ground Clearance"
value"0.45 m"
name"Ground Pressure"
value"0.54 kg/cm² (52,956 Pa) (7.68 psi)"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"2V-06 (Some models have been replaced with the BMD-4M Engine)"
name"Engine Type"
value"Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"450"
units"hp"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"450 liters"
name"Power-to-Weight Ratio"
value""
name"Range, Land"
value"500"
units"km"
name"Range, Water"
value"80 km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"71"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"40"
units"km/h"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"10"
units"km/h"
name"Gradient"
value"60%"
name"Side Slope"
value"30%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"0.8"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"1.8"
units"m"
name"Fording Depth"
value"Amphibious"
name"Communications"
properties
name"Primary Radio"
value"R-173"
name"Secondary Radio"
value"Digital R-168"
name"Main Gun"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 × turret-mounted 30 mm 2A42 Autocannon"
name"Type"
value"Autocannon"
name"Caliber"
value"30 mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Tulamashzavod"
name"Length (Total)"
value"3.02"
units"m"
name"Barrel Length"
value"2.4"
units"m"
name"Weight"
value"115"
units"kg"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated"
name"Barrels"
value"1"
units"ea"
name"Max Rate of Fire (Low)"
value"200-300"
units"rds/min"
name"Maximum Elevation"
value"+75"
units"deg"
name"Minumum Elevation"
value"-5"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Range"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Left"
value"180"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Right"
value"180"
units"deg"
name"Max Rate of Fire (High)"
value"550-800"
units"rds/min"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"2,000"
units"m"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"4,000"
units"m"
name"Feed System"
value"Twin Feed"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Name"
value"3UOF8"
name"Type"
value"HEI"
name"Caliber"
value"30"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"30 × 165 mm"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"389"
units"g"
name"Bursting Charge"
value"49"
units"g"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"960"
units"m/s"
name"Basic Load"
value"860 Rounds"
name"Note"
value"A high-explosive incendiary round with A-670M nose fuze.The fuze produces a 0.15 millisecond delay on impact, and a self-destruct mechanism detonating the projectile after 7.5 to 14.5 seconds of flight (3900–5300 m distance from muzzle)."
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Name"
value"M929"
name"Type"
value"APFSDS-T"
name"Caliber"
value"30"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"30 × 165 mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1,260"
units"m/s"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"235"
units"g"
name"Bursting Charge"
value"None"
name"Basic Load"
value"860 Rounds"
name"Note"
value"A sub-caliber fin-stabilized discarding sabot round with tracer from Belgian Mecar, with tungsten alloy penetrator. Penetration: 50 mm RHA steel at 60 degree impact at 1,000 m range"
name"Ammunition (Option 3)"
properties
name"Name"
value"3UBR8"
name"Type"
value"APDS"
name"Caliber"
value"30"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"30 × 165 mm"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"304"
units"g"
name"Bursting Charge"
value"None"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1,120"
units"m/s"
name"Basic Load"
value"860 Rounds"
name"Note"
value"A sub-caliber discarding sabot. No tracer. Penetration: 25mm RHA at flat angle of impact, 1500 m range 25mm thick plate at 60 degree impact, 1500 m"
name"Grenade Launcher"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x AGS-17 Plamya, 30mm Automatic Grenade Launcher"
name"Type"
value"Automatic Grenade Launcher"
name"Caliber"
value"30 mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Molot plant"
name"In Service"
value"1970-Present"
name"Proliferation"
value"Widely Proliferated"
name"Variants"
value"AG-17A helicopter-mounted version"
name"Length"
value"840"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"31"
units"kg"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"400"
units"rds/min"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"8,00 - 1,700"
units"m"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"1,700"
units"m"
name"Action"
value"Blowback"
name"Feed system"
value"29 grenades belt"
name"Sights"
value"Adjustable iron sights, optional mount required for optical sights"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Name"
value"VOG-17M"
name"Type"
value"30mm Grenade"
name"Cartridge"
value"30×29mm grenade"
name"Warhead"
value"High explosive fragmentation warhead."
name"Muzzle velocity"
value"185"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"8,00 - 1,700"
name"Basic Load"
value"40"
units"ea"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Name"
value"VOG-30"
name"Type"
value"30mm Grenade"
name"Cartidge"
value"30×29mm grenade"
name"Muzzle velocity"
value"185"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"8,00 - 1,700 m"
name"Basic Load"
value"40"
units"ea"
name"Coaxial Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x PKT 7.62mm (Kalashnikov's Machine Gun) General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62 mm"
name"Type"
value"General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Function"
value"In use as a front-line infantry and vehicle-mounted weapon with Russia's armed forces."
name"In Service"
value"1961-present"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Degtyaryov plant"
name"Proliferation"
value"1 Million +"
name"Length (Overall)"
value"1,203"
units"mm"
name"Length (Barrel)"
value"605"
units"mm"
name"Weight (Gun Only)"
value"9"
units"kg"
name"Weight (Tripod Only)"
value"7.7"
units"kg"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"650"
units"rds/min"
name"Effective Rate of Fire"
value"250-300"
units"rds/min"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated, open bolt"
name"Feed System"
value"Non-disintegrating metal 50 round belts in 100 and 200/250 round ammunition boxes"
name"Effective Firing Range (With Sight Adjustments)"
value"100-1,500"
units"m"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"4,000"
units"m"
name"Sights"
value"Iron Sights"
name"Note"
value"The 7.62 PKT can be controlled remotely and is slaved to the main gun,"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Name"
value"57-N-323S"
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"7.62×54 mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"855"
units"m/s"
name"Accuracy of fire at 300 m"
value"90"
units"mm"
name"Basic Load"
value"2,500"
units"ea"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Name"
value"7N13 (AP)"
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"7.62×54mmR"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"855"
units"m/s"
name"Basic Load"
value"2,500"
units"ea"
name"Accuracy of fire at 300 m"
value"90"
units"mm"
name"Ammunition (Option 3)"
properties
name"Name"
value"7BZ3 (API)"
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"7.62×54mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"834"
units"m/s"
name"Basic Load"
value"2,500"
units"ea"
name"Accuracy of fire at 300 m"
value"150"
units"mm"
name"Tank Commander's Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x RPK-74 (AK-47) General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Type"
value"General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"5.45"
units"mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Vyatskiye Polyany Machine-Building Plant"
name"In Service"
value"1974-Present"
name"Proliferation"
value"Widely Proliferated"
name"Length"
value"1,060"
units"mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"590"
units"mm"
name"Weight (RPK)"
value"4.7"
units"kg"
name"Weight (RPKS)"
value"5.1"
units"kg"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"600"
units"rds/min"
name"Action"
value"Gas operated, rotating bolt; closed bolt"
name"Effective Firing Range (with sight adjustments)"
value"100-1,000"
units"m"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"3,150"
units"m"
name"Feed system"
value"30-, 45-round box magazine, 100-round plastic drum magazine, belt ammunition (with side mounted belt feed device)"
name"Sights"
value"Iron sights: semi-shrouded front post and rear sliding tangent with an adjustable notch Sight radius: 555 mm (21.9 in)"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"5.45"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"5.45×39mm M74"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"960"
units"m/s"
name"Basic Load"
value"2,500"
units"ea"
name"Anti-Tank Guided Weapon (ATGW)"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x 9M113 Konkurs (AT-5 Spandrel)"
name"Type"
value"Soviet SACLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile."
name"Manufacturer"
value"Tula Machinery Design Bureau (Tula KBP) – Tulsky Oruzheiny Zavod"
name"In Service"
value"1974-Present"
name"Proliferation"
value"Algeria– used by mechanized infantry units Armenia Azerbaijan Egypt – mounted on Fahd armoured personnel carriers purchased in 1990s Belarus The launcher is been locally produced and upgraded. Bulgaria Croatia Cuba – not confirmed Czech Republic Eritrea[ Finland – known as PstOhj 82M, fired from 9P135M-1 launchers (withdrawn from service) Georgia Guinea Hungary Indonesia – mounted on BVP-2 infantry fighting vehicles operated by the marine corps India – 15,000 Konkurs-M, ordered in 2008 for Rs 1,380-crore. Another 10,000 Konkurs-M ordered for US$250 million in 2012. A new contract was signed in 2019 for USD 110 mln. Iran– produced domestically as Tosan-1 Iraq Ivory Coast (reported) Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Morocco[ Mongolia Moldova– used on BRDM-2 North Korea – produced domestically Pakistan – Used on Viper infantry fighting vehicle Peru Romania Russia – about 300 Konkurs-M complexes delivered annually in the last years (2014) Slovakia Turkmenistan Turkey Syria Ukraine Houthis – Tosan version"
name"Varaints"
value"9M113M,Towsan-1, Tosan, Towsan, or M113, 9N131M1, 9N131M2-1"
name"Length"
value"1,150"
units"mm"
name"Diameter"
value"135"
units"mm"
name"Weight (Missile)"
value"14.6"
units"kg"
name"Weight (9P135 Launching Post)"
value"22.5"
units"kg"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"2.7"
units"kg"
name"Detonation Mechanism"
value"Contact"
name"Engine"
value"Solid-fuel rocket"
name"Wingspan"
value"468"
units"mm"
name"Maximum Operational Range"
value"4"
units"km"
name"Minimum Operational Range"
value"70"
units"m"
name"Speed"
value"208"
units"m/s"
name"Guidance system"
value"Wire-guided SACLOS"
name"Steering system"
value"Two control surfaces"
name"Launch platform"
value"Individual, vehicle"
name"Penetration"
value"600mm of RHA"
name"Basic Load"
value"1 x 9M113 Konkurs (AT-5 Spandrel)"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"INA"
name"Thermal Sight Vehicle Commander"
value"Yes, 1PZ-3 with a TNP-165A designator"
name"Thermal Sight Gunner"
value"Yes, BPK-1-42 with a TNPT-1 designator and a TKN-3B binocular sight"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"Yes, 2E36-5"
name"Periscopes"
value"TNPO-170A periscopes and the TNPO-350B night vision periscope."
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"The protection offered is thought to be sufficient to stop up to 12.7 mm rounds fired at the front of the hull and at least 7.62 mm rounds fired at the sides."
name"Turret Armor"
value"INA"
name"Applique Armor"
value"Available"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No"
name"Active Protection System"
value"INA"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"No"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"No"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"Yes, three 81 mm electrically-operated smoke grenade dischargers. The BMD-3 ACV can lay its own smoke screen by injecting diesel fuel into the exhaust."
name"IR Signature"
value"INA"
name"Fire Suppression System"
value"Yes"
variants
name"BMD-3K"
notes"The commander variant of the BMD-3 adopted by the Russian Army in 1996. Mass production of this vehicle was never initiated."
name"2S25 Sprut-SD (Object 952)"
notes"A self-propelled anti-tank gun that entered service in 2005. This vehicle has the chassis of the BMD-3 and is operated by a crew of three. The main armament is the 125 mm 2A75 smoothbore gun which is a variant of the 2A46 smoothbore gun series used by Soviet main battle tanks since the T-64. It can fire the ammunition of the 2A46 including the 9M119 Svir. The chassis has seven road wheels on each side instead of five and the engine is now the 2V-06-2S with a power of 510 hp."
name"BTR-MD “Rakushka” (Object 955)"
notes"A multi-role transport vehicle with bigger hull and no turret. This type can be used to transport troops, fuel, ammunition and wounded personnel. It also serves as the basis for a new range of specialised vehicles for the Russian airborne forces, including a mortar platform and an ambulance."
name"BTR-MDM"
notes"A modernized version with the same improvements as the BMD-4M."
name"RKhM-5 (Object 958)"
notes"A chemical reconnaissance vehicle introduced in 2011 and is fitted with the same specialized equipment as the BTR-80 version known as the RKhM-4. The turret has been removed; the RKhM-5 has a fixed superstructure with a machine gun turret. The hull is larger allowing it to transport troops, fuel, ammunition and wounded personnel"
name"BMD-4 (Object 960)"
notes"Originally designated as the BMD-3M, this vehicle has a modified chassis with new turret known as the "Bakhcha-U". The weaponry bears greater similarity to the BMP-3. This new armament consists of: a 100 mm 2A70 rifled main gun, a 30mm 2A72 autocannon, a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun, and new "Ramka" fire control system. The bow-mounted AGS-17 has been removed and is replaced with an AGS-30. BMD-4s are newly built or upgraded BMD-3s. The BMD-4 is no longer being purchased for the Russian troops, in favor of the BMD-4M."
name"BMD-4M"
notes"The upgraded variant with a new chassis and the 500 hp UTD-29 engine of the BMP-3. This version will be produced by Kurganmashzavod (KTZ) instead of VgTZ. The vehicle was presented to the VDV in March 2008. According to KTZ, series production could have started in 2009. The BMD-4M was evaluated by the VDV"
name"BMM-D"
notes"A command post vehicle and a recovery vehicle. Some variants will have a longer chassis with seven road wheels and probably the same 510 hp engine as the 2S25."
type"WEG"
version1
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