WEG MediaWiki

BTR-60 Russian 8x8 Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Infantry Vehicles"
"Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs)"
"Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Angola"
"PRO_Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"PRO_Botswana"
"PRO_Bulgaria"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_Cambodia"
"PRO_Chad"
"PRO_Congo"
"PRO_Cuba"
"PRO_Djibouti"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Eritrea"
"PRO_Estonia"
"PRO_Ethiopia"
"PRO_French Guiana"
"PRO_Guinea-Bissau"
"PRO_Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"PRO_Laos (People's Democratic Republic)"
"PRO_Libya"
"PRO_Mali"
"PRO_Mexico"
"PRO_Mongolia"
"PRO_Mozambique"
"PRO_Namibia"
"PRO_Nicaragua"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Peru"
"PRO_Romania"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Serbia"
"PRO_Somalia"
"PRO_Syria"
"PRO_Tajikistan"
"PRO_Turkey"
"PRO_Turkmenistan"
"PRO_Uganda"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_Uzbekistan"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"PRO_Yemen"
"PRO_Zambia"
"Land"
"Tier4"
notes"The BTR-60 is the first vehicle in a series of Soviet eight-wheeled armored personnel carriers (APCs). It was developed in the late 1950s as a replacement for the BTR-152 and was seen in public for the first time in 1961. BTR stands for Bronetransporter (БТР, Бронетранспортер, literally "armored transporter") BTR-60 was a revolutionary design for its time. It had a non-standard layout for an APC; the crew compartment was in the front, the troop compartment in the middle, and the engine compartment in the rear. This meant that, while the BTR-60 did not share some of the weaknesses that other APCs had, it had several disadvantages of its own. In the BTR-60, the crew compartment is located in the front of the vehicle and had a roof - unlike the troop compartment, which first received one with the introduction of the BTR-60PA. In the BTR-60P and BTR-60PA, the crew consists of a driver and a commander. The driver's seat is on the left and the commander's seat is on the right. In the BTR-60PAI, BTR-60PB, and BTR-60PZ, the crew consists of a driver, a commander, and a gunner. The position of the driver and commander stations remained unchanged in later models. The gunner operates the BPU-1 turret, using the PP-61A optical sight. In the BTR-60P, both the driver and commander manned their positions by entering the vehicle through the sides. The BTR-60PA introduced two hatches over their stations and crew members had to climb on top of the vehicle to use them. The entry method did not change in later production models. The BTR-60B introduced a side door for the gunner on the right side and firing ports for both the driver and commander and two for the gunner, one on each side. (For more information on the BTR-60's firing port see the troop compartment section). Both the driver and the commander have forward views through bulletproof windshields, onto which steel covers can be lowered. In the BTR-60P and BTR-60PA, the covers had vision slots and additional slots on both sides of the crew compartment. These were removed in the BTR-60PB in favor of two periscopes on each side.[clarification needed] In early models of the BTR-60P and BTR-60PA, only the driver had a periscope, while the commander had a removable OU-3 infrared searchlight. In the BTR-60PB, both the driver and the commander have three periscopes in the front (the commander's center periscope can be hard to see as it's just below the OU-3 infrared light). The vehicle was usually equipped with an R-113 radio; however, some models used the R-123. The initial BTR-60P production model lacked night-vision and had only four headlights (two infrared, two white, one of each kind per side, these remained in all BTR-60 models). Late BTR-60P models were fitted with night-vision; the TKN-1 connected with the OU-3 infrared searchlight for the commander and the TWN-2 for the driver. This remained unchanged in later models. The troop compartment is behind the crew compartment and in front of the engine compartment. The BTR-60P can transport up to 16 fully equipped soldiers. This number was reduced to 14 in BTR-60PB. As the BTR-60P didn't have a roof, it was covered with tarpaulin when traveling in bad weather conditions. It was also covered with bows and canvas. Also, all BTR-60 models had three firing ports on each upper side of the hull through which the infantry being transported could fire at the enemy with their personal weapons. The difference between models was in the position of these three firing ports. The BTR-60P and BTR-60PA had the firing ports positioned in a row between the middle and the front part of the troop compartment. In the BTR-60PB, the firing ports were relocated; one was next to the driver and commander, one next to the gunner, and one in the side of the troop compartment. Because of the engine placement (in the rear of the vehicle), transported infantry must mount and dismount through the sides in the BTR-60P or through the roof hatches in the roofed BTR-60PA, BTR-60PB, and BTR-60PZ variants. To help the infantry to mount and dismount the vehicle, the BTR-60P had two steps on each side of the hull, one between the first and second pair of road wheels and the other between the third and fourth pair of wheels. It also had two vertical handrails on each side of the troop compartment, as well as an angled horizontal one on the left-hand side of the hull next to the engine compartment. The BTR-60PA introduced yet another step on each side of the hull between the second and third pair of wheels, as well as six horizontal handrails on each side of the vehicle, three on the lower side and three on the upper side. The vertical ones were removed, while yet another angled horizontal one was added on the right-hand side of the hull next to the engine compartment. In the BTR-60PB, the number of handrails decreased from six to five on each side of the hull; the rear upper handrail was removed from the right side, whereas the center upper one was removed from the left side. The BTR-60P has two doors on each side of the troop compartment (one in the front and one in the rear), but infantry still had to dismount through the sides. The side doors were removed in the BTR-60PA. They were used mostly as emergency exits and as auxiliary firing ports. In the BTR-60PB, a side door was added on the front left of the troop compartment."
dateOfIntroduction1960
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Algeria, Angola, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, CFE Treaty, Cambodia, Chad, Congo, Cuba, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Guinea-Bissau, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Laos (People's Democratic Republic), Libya, Mali, Mexico, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Peru, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Somalia, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Algeria"
"Angola"
"Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"Botswana"
"Bulgaria"
"CFE Treaty"
"Cambodia"
"Chad"
"Congo"
"Cuba"
"Djibouti"
"Egypt"
"Eritrea"
"Estonia"
"Ethiopia"
"French Guiana"
"Guinea-Bissau"
"Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"Laos (People's Democratic Republic)"
"Libya"
"Mali"
"Mexico"
"Mongolia"
"Mozambique"
"Namibia"
"Nicaragua"
"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"Peru"
"Romania"
"Russian Federation"
"Serbia"
"Somalia"
"Syria"
"Tajikistan"
"Turkey"
"Turkmenistan"
"Uganda"
"Ukraine"
"Uzbekistan"
"Viet Nam"
"Yemen"
"Zambia"
dis
name"BTR 60"
string"01.01.222.002.008.001.000"
images
"BTR60APC(D).jpg"
"BTR60APC(E).jpg"
"BTR60APC(DD).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designations"
value"BTR-60; BTR-60PB"
name"Type"
value"Amphibious Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Soviet Union) Ratmil Regie Autonoma (Romania, TAB-71)"
name"Configuration"
value"8x8"
name"Crew"
value"2"
units"ea"
name"Passengers"
value"14"
units"ea"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"7.56 m"
name"Width"
value"2.825 m"
name"Height, to Turret Roof"
value"2.31 m"
name"Height, hull"
value"2.055 m"
name"Height, Axis of Fire"
value"2.13 m"
name"Wheelbase"
value"4.225 m"
name"Track"
value"2.37 m"
name"Weight"
value"10,300 kg"
name"Ground Clearance"
value"0.475 m"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"2 × GAZ-49B"
name"Engine Type"
value"in line-6, water cooled, petrol"
name"Engine Power"
value"90 hp at 3,400 rpm"
name"Power-to-Weight Ratio"
value"17.47hp/t"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"290 Liters"
name"Gearbox"
value"Manual, Fwd: 4, Rev: 1"
name"Electrical System"
value"12V"
name"Suspension"
value"torsion bar with hydraulic shock-absorbers"
name"Steering"
value"power assisted"
name"Tires"
value"13.0018"
name"Maximum Road Speed"
value"80 km/h"
name"Maximum Water Speed"
value"10 km/h"
name"Range"
value"500 km"
name"Gradient"
value"60%"
name"Side Slope"
value"40%"
name"Vertical Obstacle"
value"0.4 m"
name"Trench"
value"2.0 m"
name"Communications"
properties
name"Primary"
value"R-123"
name"Secondary"
value"R-113"
name"Main Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 × Turret Mounted 14.5mm KPVT machine gun"
name"Type"
value"Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"14.5"
units"mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"V.A. Degtyarev Plant"
name"In Service"
value"1949-Present"
name"Proliferation"
value"Widely Proliferated"
name"Total Length"
value"1,980"
units"mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"1,346"
units"mm"
name"Width"
value"162"
units"mm"
name"Height"
value"225"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"49"
units"kg"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"600"
units"rds/min"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"4,000"
units"m"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"3,000"
units"m"
name"Feed System"
value"40-round belt"
name"Sights"
value"iron or optical"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Type"
value"API-T"
name"Caliber"
value"14.5 mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"14.5×114 mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1,005"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Range (Day)"
value"2,000"
units"m"
name"Effective Range (Night)"
value"INA"
name"Tactical Range"
value"1,500-2,000"
units"m"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"20mm at 1,000 m/ 30mm at 500 m"
name"Basic Load"
value"500"
units"ea"
name"Note"
value"Additional Ammo includes: API, I-T"
name"Auxiliary Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 × Coaxial Mounted 7.62mm PKT machine gun"
name"Type"
value"General Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Function"
value"In use as a front-line infantry and vehicle-mounted weapon with Russia's armed forces"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Degtyaryov plant"
name"In Service"
value"1961-Present"
name"Proliferation"
value"+ 1 Million"
name"Length, Total"
value"1,203"
units"mm"
name"Length, Barrel"
value"605"
units"mm"
name"Weight (Gun Only)"
value"9"
units"kg"
name"Weight (Tripod Only)"
value"7.7"
units"kg"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated, open bolt"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"650"
units"rds/min"
name"Effective Rate of Fire"
value"250-300"
units"rds/min"
name"Effective Firing Range (With Sight Adjustments)"
value"100-1,500"
units"m"
name"Feed System"
value"Non-disintegrating metal 50 round belts in 100 and 200/250 round ammunition boxes"
name"Sights"
value"Tangent iron sights (default); Optical, Night-vision, Thermal and Radar sights"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Name"
value"57-N-323S"
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"7.62×54mmR km"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"855"
units"m/s"
name"Accuracy of fire at 300 m"
value"90"
units"mm"
name"Basic Load"
value"2,500"
units"ea"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"INA"
name"Thermal Vehicle Commander"
value"TKN-1"
name"Thermal Gunner"
value"PP-61A optical sight"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"INA"
name"Turret Type"
value"BPU-1 turret"
name"Infrared Light"
value"OU-3 infrared light"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Armor Material"
value"The armor of the BTR-60 is understood to have been improved over the standard BTR-60 and consists of welded steel. The maximum thickness of the steel is thought to be around 10 mm at the front of the hull, whereas the sides are thinner and are thought to be no more than 7 mm thick."
name"Armor Hull"
value"7 mm at 86° hull upper front; 9 mm at 47° hull lower front; 7 mm hull sides; 5 mm hull upper rear; 7 mm hull lower rear; 5 mm hull floor; 7 mm hull roof"
name"Armor (turret front)"
value"10 mm turret front; 7 mm turret sides; 7 mm turret sear; 7 mm turret roof"
name"Applique Armor"
value"No"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No"
name"Active Protection System"
value"No"
name"Self-entrenching Blade"
value"No"
name"NBC Protection System"
value"Collective (closed vehicles)"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"No"
name"Survivability Equipment"
value"No"
variants
name"BTR-60P"
notes"Initial model with open top, pintle-mounted 7.62-mm machine gun"
name"BTR-60PA/BTR-60PK (12 passengers only)"
notes"Covered top, NBC protection, pintle-mounted 7.62-mm MG, still exit over top"
name"BTR-60PB (space for 8 soldiers for dismounted operations)."
notes"Most common variant with BRDM-2 MG turret with a 14.5-mm MG & coaxial 7.62-mm; troops exit over top"
name"Modernized BTR-60PB"
notes"BM2 Turret with 30-mm 2A42 Cannon & 7.62-mm PKTM MG; 30-mm AGS-17 AGL on left side"
name"BTR-60U"
notes"Command vehicle with additional radios"
name"BTR-60 PU-12/12M"
notes"Anti-Aircraft units’ command vehicle"
name"BTR-60 MS"
notes"Radio vehicle with High Ball antenna"
name"BTR-60 VVS"
notes"Sans turret with additional radios"
name"BTR-60 PBK"
notes"BTR-60PB with 3 radios"
name"BTR-60 1V18"
notes"Artillery observation vehicle"
name"BTR-60 1V19"
notes"BTR-60 1V18 for FDC operations"
name"BTR-60 R-145BM"
notes"Communications vehicle with 5 radios"
name"BTR-60 R-975"
notes"Forward air-control vehicle with turret"
name"BTR-60-Z-351BR"
notes"Power production vehicle with generator"
name"BTR-60-P-238BT"
notes"Switchboard vehicle for communications"
name"BTR-60-P-240BT"
notes"Integrates radio & wire communications- R-123M radio & R-241 switchboard"
name"BTR-60-P241BT"
notes"Equipped with P-241 telephone system"
name"BTR-60-R-137B"
notes"Communications vehicle with turret"
name"BTR-60 ACRV"
notes"Artillery Battery C2 & recon vehicle"
name"R-145BM1"
notes"The R-145BM1 is a C2 vehicle based on the BTR-60PUM. It entered service with Russian CBRN reconnaissance units based in Amur in 2017."
name"BTR-60-R-156BTR"
notes"C2 vehicle with additional radios"
name"BTR-60-R-409BM"
notes"Relay vehicle-R-409 & R-123M radios"
name"BTR-60PAU (Bulgaria)"
notes"Artillery command vehicle"
name"BTR-60PB-MD (Bulgaria)"
notes"Upgraded engine, radios, & NBC equipment"
name"BTR-60P Maintenance Assistance (MTR-2)"
notes"Maintenance vehicle with tarp over troop compartment"
name"BTR-60 SPAAG (Cuba)"
notes"Twin 30-mm anti-aircraft cannons"
name"BTR-60 Djibouti (Djibouti)"
notes"AML-90 turret on BTR-60"
name"BTR-60BD"
notes"Speed increased to 100 km/h & range to 800 km"
name"MTP-2"
notes"Armored Recovery Vehicle"
name"BTR-60PZ"
notes"Final production model with 1PZ-2 roof-mounted periscope"
name"BTR-60-R-140BM"
notes"C2 vehicle with turret"
name"MEP"
notes"Infantry command post"
name"BTR-60PB FAC"
notes"Turreted FAC vehicle without the gun"
name"BTR-60-R-156BTR"
notes"Armoured C2 communications system vehicle with one R-156 HF set, one R-405, and one R-123M radio. This is not fitted with a turret."
name"BTR-60-R-409BM"
notes"BTR-60 used as an armoured radio relay station with one R-409 and one R-123M radio. This is not fitted with a turret."
type"WEG"
version1
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