WEG MediaWiki

D-44 Russian 85mm Towed Howitzer

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"Towed Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Afghanistan"
"PRO_Albania"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Angola"
"PRO_Armenia"
"PRO_Azerbaijan"
"PRO_Bulgaria"
"PRO_Cameroon"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Congo"
"PRO_Croatia"
"PRO_Cuba"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Eritrea"
"PRO_Ethiopia"
"PRO_Georgia"
"PRO_Guinea"
"PRO_Guinea-Bissau"
"PRO_Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"PRO_Mali"
"PRO_Mongolia"
"PRO_Morocco"
"PRO_Mozambique"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Serbia"
"PRO_Somalia"
"PRO_South Sudan"
"PRO_Sri Lanka"
"PRO_Sudan"
"PRO_Syria"
"PRO_Tanzania"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"PRO_Yemen"
"Land"
"Tier4"
notes"The 85-mm divisional gun D-44 (Russian: 85-мм дивизионная пушка Д-44) was a Soviet divisional 85-mm caliber field artillery gun used in the last action of World War II. It was designed as the replacement for the 76 mm divisional gun M1942 (ZiS-3). The gun is no longer in front-line service with the Russian Ground Forces, although some 200 of the Chinese Type 56 variant are still in service with the Pakistan Army. Wartime service included use by communist forces during the Vietnam War and by Arab forces during their conflicts with Israel. The design of the D-44 started in 1943 at the design bureau of No.9 factory "Uralmash" and production began in 1944. Its GRAU code was 52-P-367. The SD-44 was a 1950s variant with an auxiliary propulsion unit and ammunition box for 10 rounds, with 697 issued to the airborne forces (VDV) from 1954. The D-44N was a 1960s variant with an APN 3-7 infra-red illumination device for night combat. China received D-44s during the Korean War and began manufacturing a copy, the Type 56, in the early 1960s. Finally, the Polish Army has equipped some of their D-44 guns with electrical subsystems in the early 1980s and designated them D-44M and D-44MN. The barrel was developed from that of the T-34-85 tank and was capable of firing 20–25 high-explosive (HE), armor-piercing, and high-explosive antitank (HEAT) projectiles per minute. Subcaliber BR-365P HVAP-T (high-velocity armor-piercing-tracer) projectiles were capable of penetrating 100 mm of armor at 1000 meters at a ninety-degree obliquity, and the BR-367P HVAP-T projectile penetrates 180 mm of armor under the same conditions. The post-war round O-365K HE weighed 9.5 kg and packed 741 grams of TNT as its bursting charge, while the BK-2M HEAT-FS (fin-stabilized) projectile can penetrate 300 mm of armor. The HEAT round for the Type 56 has a maximum range of 970 meters and will penetrate 100 mm of armor at an angle of 65 degrees."
dateOfIntroduction1944
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Cameroon, China, Congo, Croatia, Cuba, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Mali, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Pakistan, Russian Federation, Serbia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Ukraine, Viet Nam, Yemen"
selectedregions
Empty array
checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Afghanistan"
"Albania"
"Algeria"
"Angola"
"Armenia"
"Azerbaijan"
"Bulgaria"
"Cameroon"
"China"
"Congo"
"Croatia"
"Cuba"
"Egypt"
"Eritrea"
"Ethiopia"
"Georgia"
"Guinea"
"Guinea-Bissau"
"Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"Mali"
"Mongolia"
"Morocco"
"Mozambique"
"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"Pakistan"
"Russian Federation"
"Serbia"
"Somalia"
"South Sudan"
"Sri Lanka"
"Sudan"
"Syria"
"Tanzania"
"Ukraine"
"Viet Nam"
"Yemen"
dis
name"GUN SD 44 TWD 85MM"
string"01.01.222.005.008.000.000"
images
"D44(A).jpg"
"D44(B).jpg"
"D44(C).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"D-44; GRAU code – 52-P-367"
name"Type"
value"Towed Howitzer"
name"Caliber"
value"85 mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"F F Petrov design bureau"
name"Crew"
value"8"
name"Carriage"
value"Split trail"
name"Displacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"8.34 m"
name"Width"
value"1.78 m"
name"Height, Overall"
value"1.42 m"
name"Height, Axis of Fire"
value"0.825 m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"1,703 kg"
name"Weight, Standard"
value"1,725 kg"
name"Ground Clearance"
value"0.35 m"
name"Main Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"D-44"
name"Type"
value"Towed Howitzer"
name"Caliber"
value"85"
units"mm"
name"Breech"
value"Semi-automatic vertical sliding-wedge"
name"Recoil"
value"Hydro-pneumatic"
name"Carriage"
value"Split trail"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"up to 20 rounds per minute (burst)"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"1,150 m (1,257 yds) (HVAP-T)"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"15.65"
units"m"
name"Max Elevation"
value"+35"
units"deg"
name"Min Elevation"
value"-7"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Range"
value"54"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Right"
value"27"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Left"
value"27"
units"deg"
name"Sights"
value"OP-2-7 w/5.5X Magnification"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Name"
value"O-365K"
name"Shell"
value"Fixed QF 85×629 mm. R"
name"Caliber"
value"85"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1,030"
units"m/s"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"9.5"
units"kg"
name"Maximum Range"
value"15,650"
units"m"
name"Basic Load"
value"INA"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"No"
name"Direct Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Indirect Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Note"
value"The wavy shields provide protection for the crew from small arms fire, shell splinters, and muzzle blasts."
variants
name"D-44"
notes"Suppressive artillery fire"
name"Type 56"
notes"Chinese Version"
type"WEG"
version1
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