WEG MediaWiki

DShK 1938 Russian 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Infantry Weapons"
"Machine Guns"
"Heavy Machine Guns (HMG)"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Afghanistan"
"PRO_Albania"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Angola"
"PRO_Armenia"
"PRO_Azerbaijan"
"PRO_Bangladesh"
"PRO_Belarus"
"PRO_Bulgaria"
"PRO_Burkina Faso"
"PRO_Burundi"
"PRO_Cambodia"
"PRO_Cameroon"
"PRO_Cape Verde"
"PRO_Central African Republic"
"PRO_Chad"
"PRO_Chile"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Congo"
"PRO_Cuba"
"PRO_Cyprus"
"PRO_Czech Republic"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Equatorial Guinea"
"PRO_Eritrea"
"PRO_Estonia"
"PRO_Ethiopia"
"PRO_Finland"
"PRO_Georgia"
"PRO_Ghana"
"PRO_Guinea"
"PRO_Guinea-Bissau"
"PRO_Hungary"
"PRO_Indonesia"
"PRO_Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"PRO_Iraq"
"PRO_Israel"
"PRO_Ivory Coast"
"PRO_Kazakhstan"
"PRO_Kenya"
"PRO_Kosovo"
"PRO_Kyrgyzstan"
"PRO_Laos (People's Democratic Republic)"
"PRO_Liberia"
"PRO_Libya"
"PRO_Macedonia"
"PRO_Madagascar"
"PRO_Mali"
"PRO_Malta"
"PRO_Mongolia"
"PRO_Mozambique"
"PRO_Nicaragua"
"PRO_Niger"
"PRO_Nigeria"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_Palestine"
"PRO_Peru"
"PRO_Poland"
"PRO_Romania"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Rwanda"
"PRO_Saudi Arabia"
"PRO_Serbia"
"PRO_Seychelles"
"PRO_Sierra Leone"
"PRO_Slovakia"
"PRO_Somalia"
"PRO_Sri Lanka"
"PRO_Sudan"
"PRO_Syria"
"PRO_Tanzania"
"PRO_Togo"
"PRO_Turkey"
"PRO_Turkmenistan"
"PRO_Uganda"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"PRO_Yemen"
"PRO_Zambia"
"PRO_Zimbabwe"
"Land"
"Tier4"
notes"The DShK 1938 is a Soviet heavy machine gun with a V-shaped "butterfly" trigger, firing the 12.7×108mm cartridge. The weapon was also used as a heavy infantry machine gun, in which case it was frequently deployed with a two-wheeled mounting and a single-sheet armour-plate shield. It took its name from the weapons designers Vasily Degtyaryov, who designed the original weapon, and Georgi Shpagin, who improved the cartridge feed mechanism. It is sometimes nicknamed Dushka (a dear or beloved person) in Russian-speaking countries, from the abbreviation. The requirement for a heavy machine gun appeared in 1929. The first such gun, the Degtyaryov, Krupnokalibernyi (DK, Degtyaryov, large calibre), was built in 1930, and this gun was produced in small quantities from 1933 to 1935. The gun was fed from a drum magazine of thirty rounds, and had a poor rate of fire. Shpagin developed a belt feed mechanism to fit to the DK giving rise, in 1938, to the adoption of the gun as the DShK 1938. This became the standard Soviet heavy machine gun in World War II. Like its U.S. equivalent, the M2 Browning, the DShK 1938 was used in several roles. As an anti-aircraft weapon it was mounted on pintle and tripod mounts, and on a triple mount on the GAZ-AA truck. Late in the war, it was mounted on the cupolas of IS-2 tanks and ISU-152 self-propelled guns. As an infantry heavy support weapon it used a two-wheeled trolley which unfolded into a tripod for anti-aircraft use, similar to the mount developed by Vladimirov for the 1910 Maxim gun. It was also mounted in vehicle turrets, for example, in the T-40 light amphibious tank. In 1946, the DShK 1938/46 or DShKM (M for modernized) version was introduced. In addition to the Soviet Union and Russia, the DShK has been manufactured under license by a number of countries, including the People's Republic of China (Type 54), Pakistan, and Romania. Currently, it has been mostly replaced in favour of the more modern NSV and Kord designs. Nevertheless, the DShK is still one of the most widely used heavy machine guns. In June 1988, during the conflict in Northern Ireland known as "the Troubles", a British Army Westland Lynx helicopter was hit 15 times by two Provisional IRA DShKs smuggled in from Libya, and forced to crash-land near Cashel Lough Upper, south County Armagh. DShKs were also used in 2004, against British troops in Al-Amarah, Iraq. In the 2012 Syrian civil war, the Syrian government said rebels used the gun mounted on cars. It claimed to have destroyed, on the same day, 40 such cars on a highway in Aleppo and six in Dael. It is often claimed that the DShK could fire US/NATO .50-caliber ammunition, but the M2 Browning could not fire 12.7mm ammunition. This is completely untrue. Neither round is interchangeable, with their case length and head (cartridge base) dimensions completely different and will not chamber or function in the other weapon. The Russian ammunition is 12.7×108mm and the US is 12.7×99mm. The myth began in US weapons intelligence manuals referring to the DShK as being "12.7mm (.51-caliber)" and the assumption made that this was intentional to accommodate interchangeable ammunition."
dateOfIntroduction1938
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Congo, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, Georgia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Ivory Coast, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Laos (People's Democratic Republic), Liberia, Libya, Macedonia, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Togo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Afghanistan"
"Albania"
"Algeria"
"Angola"
"Armenia"
"Azerbaijan"
"Bangladesh"
"Belarus"
"Bulgaria"
"Burkina Faso"
"Burundi"
"Cambodia"
"Cameroon"
"Cape Verde"
"Central African Republic"
"Chad"
"Chile"
"China"
"Congo"
"Cuba"
"Cyprus"
"Czech Republic"
"Egypt"
"Equatorial Guinea"
"Eritrea"
"Estonia"
"Ethiopia"
"Finland"
"Georgia"
"Ghana"
"Guinea"
"Guinea-Bissau"
"Hungary"
"Indonesia"
"Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"Iraq"
"Israel"
"Ivory Coast"
"Kazakhstan"
"Kenya"
"Kosovo"
"Kyrgyzstan"
"Laos (People's Democratic Republic)"
"Liberia"
"Libya"
"Macedonia"
"Madagascar"
"Mali"
"Malta"
"Mongolia"
"Mozambique"
"Nicaragua"
"Niger"
"Nigeria"
"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"Pakistan"
"Palestine"
"Peru"
"Poland"
"Romania"
"Russian Federation"
"Rwanda"
"Saudi Arabia"
"Serbia"
"Seychelles"
"Sierra Leone"
"Slovakia"
"Somalia"
"Sri Lanka"
"Sudan"
"Syria"
"Tanzania"
"Togo"
"Turkey"
"Turkmenistan"
"Uganda"
"Ukraine"
"Viet Nam"
"Yemen"
"Zambia"
"Zimbabwe"
dis
name"Unknown"
string"00.00.000.000.000.000.000"
images
"D_(C).png"
"D(a).jpg"
"D_(b).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"DShKM, Degtyarev, DShK 38"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Tula"
name"In Service"
value"1946-Present"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated, flapper locking"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"600 rounds/min"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"850"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"2,000"
units"m"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"2,500"
units"m"
name"Feed System"
value"50 round belt"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"1,625"
units"mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"1,070"
units"mm"
name"Weight, Gun Only"
value"34"
units"kg"
name"Weight, On Wheeled Mounting"
value"157"
units"kg"
name"Ammunition"
sections
name"B-32"
properties
name"Caliber and Length"
value"12.7x108-mm"
name"Type"
value"Armor Piercing Incendiary"
name"Max Range (ground)"
value"7,850"
units"m"
name"Effective Range"
value"AA: 1,000 Ground: 2,000 Armor: 800 Night (w/1PN52-1):1,000"
units"m"
name"Armor Penetration @ 0o obliquity @ 500/1,000m range (mm)"
value"20/13.2"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"860"
units"m/s"
properties
name"Type"
value"Ball API (B-32) API-T (BZT-44) HEI"
name"Combat Load"
value"750"
name"Sights"
sections
name"NFI"
properties
name"Type"
value"metallic leaf sights"
name"Sight Range (m)"
value"2,000"
name"Night Sights Available"
value"Yes"
name"Model 1943 Antiaircraft Sights"
properties
name"Type"
value"Computing AA sight"
name"Night Sights Available"
value"Yes"
name"Note"
value"Many DShKs intended for the close anti-aircraft role were fitted with a simple mechanical sighting system that helped the gunner properly account for "lead" in order to hit fast-moving targets. The system consisted of two circular disks mounted side-by-side in a common framework. On the right, in front of the gunner, was a large "spider" sight that contained a line of small metal rings running from the center to the outer edge. On the left, in front of the loader, was a smaller disk with several parallel metal wires. In some examples, the sight was installed with the loader's sight on the right. To use the sight, the loader/observer would spin his disk so the wires were parallel to the target's direction of travel. A shaft running between the two turned the gunner's sight to the same angle. The gunner would then sight through one of the metal rings based on the estimated range and speed."
variants
name"DShKT"
notes"Tank mounted"
name"Chinese Type 54 Heavy Machinegun"
notes"Chinese unlicensed production. Also produced in Pakistan with a Chinese license."
name"Czech M54 Quad Mount"
notes""
type"WEG"
version1
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