WEG MediaWiki

M-1939 (61-K) Russian 37mm Towed Anti-Aircraft Gun

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Air Defense"
"Anti-Aircraft Guns"
"Towed Anti-Aircraft Guns"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Angola"
"PRO_Bangladesh"
"PRO_Bolivia (Plurinational State of)"
"PRO_Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"PRO_Cambodia"
"PRO_Cameroon"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Congo"
"PRO_Cuba"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Ethiopia"
"PRO_Gabon"
"PRO_Guinea"
"PRO_Guinea-Bissau"
"PRO_Israel"
"PRO_Laos (People's Democratic Republic)"
"PRO_Madagascar"
"PRO_Mauritania"
"PRO_Mozambique"
"PRO_Myanmar"
"PRO_Nepal"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_South Sudan"
"PRO_Syria"
"PRO_Tanzania"
"PRO_Thailand"
"PRO_Togo"
"PRO_Uganda"
"PRO_Zambia"
"PRO_Zimbabwe"
"Air"
"Tier4"
notes"The 37 mm automatic air defense gun M1939 (61-K) (Russian: 37-мм автоматическая зенитная пушка образца 1939 года (61-К)) is a Soviet 37 mm caliber anti-aircraft gun developed during the late 1930s and used during World War II. The land-based version was replaced in Soviet service by the ZSU-57-2 during the 1950s. Guns of this type were successfully used throughout the Eastern Front against dive bombers and other low- and medium-altitude targets. It also had some usefulness against lightly armored ground targets. Crews of the 37 mm AD guns shot down 14,657 Axis planes. The mean quantity of 37 mm ammunition to shoot down one enemy plane was 905 rounds. The Soviet Navy purchased a number of Bofors 25 mm Model 1933 guns in 1935, trials of the weapon were successful and it was decided to develop a 45 mm version of the weapon designated the 49-K. The development under the guidance of leading Soviet designers M. N. Loginov, I. A. Lyamin, and L. V. Lyuliev were successful, but the army thought that the 45 mm caliber was a little too large for an automatic field weapon. In January 1938 the Artillery Factory Number 8 in Sverdlovsk was ordered to develop a 37 mm weapon based on the same design. The task was fulfilled by the chief designer of the factory, Mikhail Loginov, and his assistant Lev Loktev. Firing trials of the new 61-K were conducted in October 1938. Competitive firing trials were conducted in 1940 between the 61-K and the Bofors 40 mm/56. There were no substantial differences found between them. The weapon was initially installed as a single-barrel weapon on a four-wheeled ZU-7 carriage and was soon ready for service. An initial order for 900 units was placed. The gun was operated by a crew of eight men. A total of 200 rounds of ammunition were carried which were fed into the gun in five-round clips. Total Soviet production was around 20,000 units, ending in 1945. However, it has also been produced in Poland, China, and North Korea. Armor penetration of the armor-piercing (AP) rounds is reported as 37 millimeters of rolled homogeneous armor (RHA) at 60°at 500 meters range and 28 millimeters of RHA at 90° at 1,500 meters range."
dateOfIntroduction1939
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Angola, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, Congo, Cuba, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Israel, Laos (People's Democratic Republic), Madagascar, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Pakistan, South Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Angola"
"Bangladesh"
"Bolivia (Plurinational State of)"
"Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"Cambodia"
"Cameroon"
"China"
"Congo"
"Cuba"
"Egypt"
"Ethiopia"
"Gabon"
"Guinea"
"Guinea-Bissau"
"Israel"
"Laos (People's Democratic Republic)"
"Madagascar"
"Mauritania"
"Mozambique"
"Myanmar"
"Nepal"
"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"Pakistan"
"South Sudan"
"Syria"
"Tanzania"
"Thailand"
"Togo"
"Uganda"
"Zambia"
"Zimbabwe"
dis
name"37MM M1939 AAA"
string"01.01.222.028.013.005.000"
images
"M1939_(61K)_Gun_(CC).jpg"
"M1939_(61K)_Gun_(AA).jpg"
"M1939_(61K)_Gun_(BB).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designations"
value"M-1939; 61-K"
name"Description"
value"Towed Anti-Aircraft Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"37 mm"
name"Crew"
value"8"
units"ea"
name"Carriage"
value"Four Wheels"
name"Emplacement Time (sec)"
value"8.5 sec while traveling. Gun can be fired from a halt without dropping trails."
name"Displacement Time (sec)"
value"8 sec while traveling. 30 sec from full emplacement"
name"In Service"
value"1939-Present"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length Overall"
value"6.04"
units"m"
name"Length of Barrel"
value"2.73"
units"m"
name"Height Overall"
value"2.11"
units"m"
name"Width Overall"
value"1.95"
units"m"
name"Combat Weight"
value"2,050"
units"kg"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Prime Mover"
value"Utility Vehicles, Small, and Medium Trucks"
name"Max Towed Speed"
value"60"
units"km/h"
name"Cross Country"
value"25"
units"km/h"
name"Fording Depth"
value"0.7"
units"m"
name"Main Armament"
properties
name"Caliber, Type"
value"37-mm Rifled"
name"Number of Barrels"
value"1"
units"ea"
name"Breech Mechanism"
value"Rising Block"
name"Cyclic Rate of Fire"
value"180"
units"rd/min"
name"Practical Rate of Fire"
value"80"
units"rd/min"
name"Clip Capacity"
value"5 rds, gun magazine holds 2 clips for 10 rounds"
name"Loader Type"
value"Manual Gravity Feed"
name"Reaction Time"
value"4.5 sec, 4 sec to stop and fire during a move (without radar)"
name"Reload Time"
value"2 sec per clip"
name"Traverse"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Rate"
value"61"
units"deg/sec"
name"Elevation"
value"-5 to +85"
units"deg"
name"Elevation Rate:"
value"22"
units"deg/sec"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"HE, HE-FRAG-T, AP, AP-T, HVAP, HVAP-T, HEI-T"
name"Max Range"
value"8,500"
units"m"
name"Max Effective Range (slant)"
value"3,500"
units"m"
name"Max Effective (ground targets)"
value"3,500"
units"m"
name"Max Altitude"
value"6,000"
units"m"
name"Max Effective Altitude"
value"3,000"
units"m"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"55 mm @ 500 m"
name"HE Projectile Weight"
value"0.74"
units"kg"
name"AP Projectile Weight"
value",77"
units"kg"
name"HE-FRAG-T Projectile Weight"
value"0.73"
units"kg"
name"HVAP Projectile Weight"
value"0.62"
units"kg"
name"HEI-T Projectile Weight"
value"INA"
name"HE Muzzle Velocity"
value"880"
units"m/s"
name"AP Muzzle Velocity"
value"880"
units"m/s"
name"HE-FRAG-T Muzzle Velocity"
value"880"
units"m/s"
name"HVAP Muzzle Velocity"
value"960"
units"m/s"
name"Self-Destruct"
value"8 to 12"
units"sec"
name"Self-Destruct Range"
value"3,700 to 4,700"
units"m"
name"Weapons and Ammunition Types"
properties
name"1 x 37-mm AA gun HE HE-FRAG-T AP AP-T HVAP HVAP-T HEI-T"
value"Typical Combat Load 500"
variants
name"Type 55"
notes"copy of the single barreled 37 mm M1939."
name"Type 63"
notes"twin 37 mm guns with vertical stabilization mounted on a T-34 chassis."
name"Type 65"
notes"copy of the twin barreled 37 mm."
name"Type 74"
notes"upgraded version of the Type 65 with a greater rate of fire."
name"Type 74SD"
notes"Type 74 with servo system removed for operation with Type 800 laser course director system."
name"Type 79-III"
notes"upgraded version of the Type 74 with electro-optical director, and powered traverse and elevation."
name"Type 76"
notes"Naval version of the twin 37 mm."
name"P793"
notes"Advanced twin-barrel version, with electro-optical predicting sight and higher rate of fire and lengthened barrels giving a higher muzzle velocity (1,000 m/s). Operated by a crew of 5 or 6."
type"WEG"
version1
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