WEG MediaWiki

M-1985 North Korean 240mm Multiple Rocket Launcher

tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Rocket Artillery Systems"
"Light Rocket Systems (Up to 50 km)"
"Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North"
"PRO_Myanmar"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"Land"
"Tier3"
notes"The M-1985 North Korean 240mm Multiple Rocket Launcher, developed in North Korea. It was first observed by US intelligence in 1985. The number in the designation indicates the year it was first observed. This artillery system was produced in quantity. According to some reports, North Korea has about 200 of these launchers in service. Large numbers of these systems are located north of the demilitarized zone and are targeted towards South Korea. The DPRK has about 500 various long-range artillery systems within the range of Seoul. This artillery system has been exported to Iran. Despite its simplistic appearance, the M1985 is a very capable system. At the time of its introduction, it was one of the most capable artillery rocket systems in the world. In some cases, it even outperformed a contemporary Soviet Uragan and a US M270 MLRS. This artillery rocket system is intended to engage important enemy targets, such as concentrations of troops and armored vehicles, command posts, artillery batteries, radar sites, airfields, as well as other important targets. The range of this system allows to strike targets behind enemy lines. This rocket system can also engage hostile warships. The M1985 has 12 launching tubes for 240 mm unguided spin-stabilized rockets. The type is easily identified by its two rows of 6 tubes. A standard HE-FRAG warhead weighs 90 kg and contains 45 kg of high explosives. Other types of warheads exist, including incendiary, smoke, and chemical. It is claimed that the maximum range of fire is 43 km. The operator can launch all rockets in full salvo, or just individual rockets manually. This artillery system can launch one rocket every 4 or 8 seconds. So it takes 48 to 96 seconds to launch all 12 rockets. Four manually-operated stabilizing jacks have to be lowered, prior to the rockets being launched. Elevation and traverse controls are also manually operated. The vehicle can leave the firing position within 2 minutes. The M1985 MLRS is based on a Japanese Isuzu 6x6 truck. The same chassis is used for the North Korean 122 mm MLRS. This launcher pack can be also adapted to any suitable cross-country truck. Behind the vehicle cabin, there is another cabin for the crew. This artillery rocket system is operated by a crew of around 5 men. The forward control cab accommodates 3 crew members, while the rest are seated in the rear cab. The M1985 is supported by a reloading vehicle, which carries one complete reload and is fitted with a crane. Reloading would normally be carried out well away from the firing position, to avoid counter-battery fire. A typical battery of the M1985 consists of five launching vehicles."
dateOfIntroduction1985
countryOfOrigin"Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North"
proliferation"Myanmar, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
selectedregions
Empty array
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Myanmar"
"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
dis
name"240MM SP MRL M1985"
string"01.01.119.004.002.001.000"
images
"M-1985_North_Korean_240mm_(BB).jpg"
"M-1985_North_Korean_240mm_(AA).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"M-1985; M1985"
name"Type"
value"Multiple Rocket Launcher"
name"Chassis"
value"The M1985 MLRS is based on a Japanese Isuzu 6x6 truck. The same chassis is used for the North Korean 122 mm MLRS. This launcher pack can be also adapted to any suitable cross-country truck."
name"Manufacturer"
value"North Korea, Company: INA"
name"Crew"
value"5"
units"ea"
name"Displacement Time"
value"2 min"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"2 min"
name"Note"
value"The M-1985 is supported by a reloading vehicle, which carries one complete reload and is fitted with a crane. Reloading would normally be carried out well away from the firing position, to avoid counter-battery fire. A typical battery of the M-1985 consists of five launching vehicles."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"10.5"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"3.3"
units"m"
name"Height"
value"2.6"
units"m"
name"Weight, Empty"
value"15"
units"tons"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"INA"
name"Engine Type"
value"Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"INA"
name"Operational Range"
value"600"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"60"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"INA"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"Not Amphibious"
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Side Slope"
value"30"
units"%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"0.6"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"1.2"
units"m"
name"Fording Depth"
value"1.2"
units"m"
name"Main Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"M-1985"
name"Type"
value"Multiple Rocket Launcher"
name"Loader Type"
value"Manual"
name"Number of Tubes"
value"12"
units"ea"
name"Maximum Elevation"
value"INA"
name"Minimum Elevation"
value"INA"
name"Traverse Range"
value"INA"
name"Traverse Left"
value"INA"
name"Traverse Right"
value"INA"
name"Time to Fire Each Rocket"
value"This artillery system can launch one rocket every 4 or 8 seconds."
name"Time to Fire all 12 Rockets"
value"48 to 96 seconds"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Type"
value"HE-FRAG"
name"Caliber"
value"240"
units"mm"
name"Fuse Type"
value"INA"
name"Rocket Weight"
value"407"
units"kg"
name"Rocket Length"
value"INA"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"90"
units"kg"
name"Maximum Range"
value"43"
units"km"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"INA"
name"Basic Load"
value"24"
units"ea"
name"Other Ammunition Types"
value"Other types of warheads exist, including incendiary, smoke and chemical."
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"INA"
name"Direct Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Indirect Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Position Location System"
value"INA"
name"Note"
value"Four manually-operated stabilizing jacks have to be lowered, prior to the rockets being launched."
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"INA"
name"Turret Armor"
value"INA"
name"Applique Armor"
value"INA"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"No"
name"NBC Protection"
value"INA"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"INA"
variants
name"Fadjr 3"
notes"Fadjr 3 is an Iranian artillery rocket system, similar to the M1985. Iran have taken delivery of 9 M1985 artillery rocket systems from North Korea, based on the Isuzu 6x6 truck. It is understood that production technology has also been transferred to Iran. Iranian-built vehicles were based on a commercially available Mercedes-Benz truck chassis with 6x6 configuration. Production reportedly commenced in the 1990s."
name"M1991"
notes"a more powerful North Korean artillery rocket system, fitted with 22 tubes for 240 mm rockets."
type"WEG"
version1
Retrieved from "https://odin.tradoc.army.mil/mediawiki/index.php?title=M-1985_North_Korean_240mm_Multiple_Rocket_Launcher&oldid=55992"