WEG MediaWiki

M113 American Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Infantry Vehicles"
"Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs)"
"Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)"
"United States"
"PRO_Afghanistan"
"PRO_Albania"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Argentina"
"PRO_Australia"
"PRO_Belgium"
"PRO_Benin"
"PRO_Bolivia (Plurinational State of)"
"PRO_Brazil"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_Cambodia"
"PRO_Congo"
"PRO_Ecuador"
"PRO_Germany"
"PRO_Guatemala"
"PRO_Norway"
"PRO_Philippines"
"PRO_Saudi Arabia"
"PRO_Somalia"
"PRO_South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Spain"
"PRO_Sudan"
"PRO_Switzerland"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_United States of America"
"PRO_Uruguay"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"PRO_Yemen"
"Land"
"Tier4"
notes"The M113 armored personnel carrier was developed by the FMC (Food Machinery Corp.) based on M59 and M75 armored personnel carriers from the 1950s. The first prototype of M113 was produced in 1957. The US Army adopted the vehicle in 1960. Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical produced the aluminum required for the development of M113. FMC transferred the production of M113 vehicles to its new subsidiary, the United Defense in 1994. United Defense was acquired by BAE in 2005. As of November 2011, more than 80,000 M113 vehicles were produced in different variants. The vehicle is operational in more than 44 countries. The M113 is a fully tracked armored personnel carrier (APC) that was developed and produced by the Food Machinery Corp (FMC). The M113 was sent to USAREUR to replace the mechanized infantry's M59 APCs in the 1961/62-time frame. The M113 was first tried out in combat in April 1962 after the United States provided the South Vietnamese Army (ARVN) with heavy weaponry such as the M113, under the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV) program. Eventually, the M113 was the most widely used armored vehicle of the U.S. Army in the Vietnam War, earning the nickname 'Green Dragon'[dubious – discuss][citation needed] by the Viet Cong as it was used to break through heavy thickets in the midst of the jungle to attack and overrun enemy positions. It was largely known as an "APC" or an "ACAV" (armored cavalry assault vehicle) by the allied forces. The M113 was the first aluminum hull combat vehicle to be put into mass production, it introduced new aluminum armor that made the vehicle much lighter than earlier vehicles; it was thick enough to protect the crew and passengers against small arms fire but light enough that the vehicle was air transportable and moderately amphibious. In the U.S. Army, the M113 series have long been replaced as front-line combat vehicles by the M2 and M3 Bradleys, but large numbers are still used in support roles such as armored ambulance, mortar carrier, engineer vehicle, and a command vehicle. The U.S. Army's heavy brigade combat teams are equipped with approximately 6,000 M113s and 4,000 Bradleys. The M113's versatility spawned a wide variety of adaptations that live on worldwide, and in U.S. service. These variants together currently represent about half of U.S. Army armored vehicles. To date, it is estimated that over 80,000 M113s of all types have been produced and used by over 50 countries worldwide, making it one of the most widely used armored fighting vehicles of all time. The Military Channel's Top Ten series named the M113 the most significant infantry vehicle in history. The U.S. Army planned to retire the M113 family of vehicles by 2018, seeking replacement with the GCV Infantry Fighting Vehicle program, but now the replacement of the M113 has fallen to the Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV) program. Thousands of M113s continue to see combat service in the Israel Defense Forces, although as of 2014 the IDF was seeking to gradually replace many of its 6,000 M113s, with Namer APCs."
dateOfIntroduction1959
countryOfOrigin"United States"
proliferation"Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, CFE Treaty, Cambodia, Congo, Ecuador, Germany, Guatemala, Norway, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Korea (Republic of Korea), Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Ukraine, United States of America, Uruguay, Viet Nam, Yemen"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Afghanistan"
"Albania"
"Algeria"
"Argentina"
"Australia"
"Belgium"
"Benin"
"Bolivia (Plurinational State of)"
"Brazil"
"CFE Treaty"
"Cambodia"
"Congo"
"Ecuador"
"Germany"
"Guatemala"
"Norway"
"Philippines"
"Saudi Arabia"
"Somalia"
"South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"Spain"
"Sudan"
"Switzerland"
"Ukraine"
"United States of America"
"Uruguay"
"Viet Nam"
"Yemen"
dis
name"APC M113 TRKD CLASS"
string"01.01.225.002.003.000.000"
images
"M113_(C).png"
"M113_(B).jpg"
"M113_APC.jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designations"
value"M113 APC. This APC has many different variants."
name"Description"
value"Tracked APC with rear ramp (door also) for 11 soldiers to dismount. Soldiers must expose themselves through the roof of the vehicle to fire their weapons. No firing ports."
name"Manufacturer"
value"INA"
name"Crew"
value"2 (driver, commander)"
name"Passengers"
value"11"
units"ea"
name"Note #1"
value"The M113 and variants are the most widely produced and utilized APC of the Western World."
name"Note #2"
value"There were 4,947 M113 APC's produced for the U.S. Army and 9,839 under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"5.3 m"
name"Width"
value"3"
units"m"
name"Height"
value"1.85"
units"m"
name"Weight"
value"14"
units"tons"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"Chrysler 75M petrol (Original Engine)"
name"Engine Type"
value"Gasoline Engine (Later converted to Diesel)"
name"Gearbox"
value"General Motors TX-200 manual gearbox"
name"Cruising Range"
value"483"
units"km"
name"Engine Power"
value"209"
units"hp"
name"Speed (Max Road)"
value"66"
units"km/h"
name"Speed (Max Off-Road)"
value"35"
units"km/h"
name"Speed (Average cross-country)"
value"INA"
name"Speed (Max Swim)"
value"5.8"
units"km/h"
name"Ground pressure"
value"0.55 kg/cm2"
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Side Slope"
value"30"
units"%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"0.6"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"1.7"
units"m"
name"Fording Depths"
value"Amphibious"
name"Note"
value"On water, it is propelled by spinning its tracks"
name"Communications"
properties
name"Primary"
value"Varies depending on model."
name"Main Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x M2 HB Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun"
name"Type"
value"12.7 mm"
name"In Service"
value"1933-Present"
name"Proliferation"
value"Over 3 Million"
name"Length"
value"1,654 mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"1,143 mm"
name"Weight, Gun Only"
value"38 kg"
name"Weight, Gun with Tripod"
value"58 kg"
name"Max Rate of Fire (M2HB Version)"
value"450-600 rds/min"
name"Max Rate of Fire (AN/M2 Version)"
value"750-850 rds/min"
name"Max Rate of Fire (AN/M3 Version)"
value"1,200-1,300 rds/min"
name"Action"
value"Short recoil-operated"
name"Effective Range"
value"1,800-2,000 m"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"0.50 BMG (12.7×99mm NATO)"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"450-1,300 m/s"
name"Basic Load"
value"2,000 ea"
properties
name"Note"
value"12.7 mm machine gun mounted over commander's hatch"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"FCS Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"No"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Armor (turret front)"
value"Protection of the M113 was rather limited. All-round protection is against 7.62 mm ball rounds and artillery shell splinters. At close range the M113 would be penetrated by 12.7 mm heavy machine gun rounds."
name"Applique Armor"
value"Yes, on the bottom of the APC"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"Available"
name"Active Protection System"
value"No"
name"Self-entrenching Blade"
value"Available"
name"NBC Protection System"
value"Yes"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"No"
name"Survivability Equipment"
value"Anti-mine armor on bottom"
name"Note"
value"Up to 40% of vehicle components are manufactured from light alloys."
variants
name"M113"
notes"Original gasoline version"
name"M113A1"
notes"In 1963, manufacturing shifted to a diesel-fueled variant (Detroit Diesel 6V53 V-6), which reduced the chance of fire if pierced in combat and offered increased operational road ranges as a result."
name"M113A1 Armored Cavalry Assault Vehicle (ACAV)"
notes"Armor around the commander’s position & 2 extra M-60 MGs"
name"M113A2"
notes"Improved engine cooling, better rear fuel cells, & new suspension system"
name"M113A2 ARV"
notes"Armored Recovery Vehicle with a 1361 kg auxiliary crane"
name"Stretched M113A2"
notes"Prototype with an extra road wheel"
name"M113A3"
notes"Bigger engine, yoke steering, Kevlar spall liner, applique liner, external fuel cells"
name"M113A3 M/R"
notes"Maintenance/Recovery vehicle with 9000 kg winch & 1360 kg crane"
name"M58 Wolf Smoker Generator Carrier"
notes"Vehicle dedicated to produce smoke"
name"M106"
notes"M113 with M30 (107-mm) mortar in back with 88-93 rounds"
name"M125"
notes"M113 with M29 (81-mm) mortar in back with 114 rounds"
name"M163"
notes"M113A1 with turret with M61A1 Vulcan 20-mm 6-barrel Gatling cannon"
name"M548"
notes"Unarmored cargo carrier"
name"M577"
notes"Command post carrier with built-up rear area & telescopic antenna"
name"M577A3"
notes"M113A3 engine with extended hull & 6 road wheels"
name"M901"
notes"Improved TOW Vehicle with an Emerson ITV turret with 2 TOW tubes with an additional 10 missiles"
name"M981"
notes"Fire Support Vehicle (FSV) with laser designator & improved commo gear"
name"M1059 Lynx"
notes"M113A2 with M157 smoke generator system"
name"M1064A3"
notes"M113A3 with Soltan (120-mm) mortar with 60 rounds"
name"M1068A3"
notes"Modified M113 into the Standard Integrated Command Post (SICP)"
name"M113 Ambulance"
notes"Various versions available"
name"M113 with Dozer Blade"
notes"M113s with trim vane removed to be fitted with a bulldozer kit"
name"M113 HAZMAT"
notes"Stretched M113A3 for spills"
type"WEG"
version1
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