WEG MediaWiki

M1A1 Abrams American Main Battle Tank (MBT)

tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Tanks"
"Main Battle Tanks"
"United States"
"PRO_Australia"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Iraq"
"PRO_Kuwait"
"PRO_Morocco"
"PRO_Saudi Arabia"
"PRO_United States of America"
"Land"
"Tier3"
notes"The M1A1 Abrams main battle tank was developed by General Dynamics. It is a further development of the M1 Abrams. The M1A1 was revealed in 1985 with production commencing the same year. It entered service with US Army in 1986. Production ended in 1992 and approximately 4 800 M1A1 Abrams tanks were built. Currently, US Army operates nearly 4 400 of these tanks, and US Marine Corps just over 400. It is planned that the fleet of refurbished and upgraded M1A1 tanks will remain with the US military until at least 2021. Export operators are Australia (59), Egypt (1005) and Iraq (140)."
dateOfIntroduction1985
countryOfOrigin"United States"
proliferation"Australia, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, United States of America"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Australia"
"Egypt"
"Iraq"
"Kuwait"
"Morocco"
"Saudi Arabia"
"United States of America"
dis
name"M1A1"
string"01.01.225.001.001.002.000"
images
"M1A1_Abrams(C).jpg"
"M1A1_Abrams(B).jpg"
"M1A1_Abrams(A).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"M1A1"
name"Type"
value"Main Battle Tank"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Detroit Arsenal Tank Plant"
name"Crew"
value"4 (commander, driver, gunner, loader)"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length, Hull"
value"7.92 m"
name"Width, with Skirts"
value"3.65 m"
name"Width, without Skirts"
value"3.48 m"
name"Track Length on Ground"
value"4.65 m"
name"Track Width"
value"0.64 m"
name"Ground Clearance, Center of Hull"
value"0.48 m"
name"Ground Clearance, Sides"
value"0.43 m"
name"Height"
value"2.89 m"
name"Gun Length"
value"9.83 m"
name"Height to Turret Roof"
value"2.44 m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"57,154 kg"
name"Ground Pressure"
value"0.96 kg/cm sq"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"Textron-Lycoming AGT-1500 2-spool free-shaft, multi-fuel turbine"
name"Engine Type"
value"Multi-Fuel"
name"Engine Power"
value"1,500 hp at 3,000 rpm"
name"Power-to-Weight Ratio"
value"23.80 hp/metric ton (M1A1)"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"504 gal (1,908 liters) internal"
name"Transmission"
value"Allison X-1100-3B hydro-kinetic, 4 forward and 2 reverse gears"
name"Suspension"
value"advanced torsion bar, 7 road wheels with 15-in (381-mm)travel, rear drive, front dler, 3 internal rotary shock absorbers, 2 return rollers"
name"Braking"
value"hydro-mechanical"
name"Road Speed"
value"66 km/h"
name"Speed, 10 Deg Upslope"
value"27 km/h"
name"Speed, 60 Deg Upslope"
value"7 km/h"
name"Acceleration"
value"32 km/h"
name"Range"
value"465 km"
name"Main Gun"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"M256 smoothbore"
name"Type"
value"120 mm/46-cal M256 smoothbore with fume extractor and thermal sleeve"
name"Caliber"
value"120 mm"
name"Length"
value"5.6 m"
name"Barrel Length"
value"5.3 m"
name"Width"
value"728 mm"
name"Bore"
value"120-mm/44-caliber, smoothbore fitted with fume extractor and thermal sleeve"
name"Gun Weight"
value"1,905 kg"
name"Barrel Weight"
value"1,175 kg"
name"Recoil, Maximum"
value"370 mm"
name"Recoil, Normal"
value"340 mm"
name"Recoil System"
value"2 hydraulic buffers and 1 hydropneumatic recuperator"
name"Breech Type"
value"semi-automatic vertical sliding wedge"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1373+ m/sec"
name"Maximum Range"
value"2,500+ km"
name"Turret Type"
value"electro-hydraulic, manual backup"
name"Feed System"
value"Manual"
name"Elevation"
value"-10/+20 deg"
name"Traverse"
value"360 deg"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Name"
value"M830"
name"Ammo Types"
value"HEAT-MP-T, APFSDS-T, MPAT, STAFF"
name"Caliber"
value"120"
units"mm"
name"Length"
value"981 mm"
name"Weight"
value"24.2 kg"
name"Basic Load"
value"42 rounds"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Name"
value"M829"
name"Type"
value"APFSDS"
name"Caliber"
value"120 mm"
name"Length"
value"935 mm"
name"Weight"
value"18.7 kg"
name"Basic Load"
value"42 Rounds"
name"Coaxial Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x 7.62 mm M240 machine gun"
name"Type"
value"General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62 mm"
name"Length"
value"1,260 mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"630 mm"
name"Width"
value"120 mm"
name"Height"
value"260 mm"
name"Weight"
value"12.5 kg"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated long-stroke piston, open bolt"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"M240, M240E1, M240C, M240D and M240G: Gas Setting 1: 650–750 RPM Gas Setting 2: 750–850 RPM Gas Setting 3: 850–950 RPM M240B, M240L and M240H: 550–650 RPM Barrett 240LW and 240 LWS: 550–650 RPM"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"853 m/s"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"3,725 m"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"800 m (bipod) 1,100 m (tripod)"
name"Feed System"
value"Belt-fed using M13 disintegrating links"
name"Sights"
value"Iron sights: front blade and folding rear leaf with aperture and notch"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"7.62×51mm NATO"
name"Basic Load"
value"6,000 Rounds"
name"Loader's Weapon System"
properties
name"Weapon"
value"1 x 7.62 mm M240 machine gun on Skate Mount"
name"Basic Load"
value"6,000 Rounds"
name"Commander's Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x .50-caliber M2 machine gun"
name"Type"
value"Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7 mm"
name"Length"
value"1,654 mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"1,143 mm"
name"Weight"
value"38 kg 58 kg with tripod and T&E (Traverse and Elevation Mechanism)"
name"Action"
value"Short recoil-operated"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"450–600 rounds/min (M2HB) 750–850 rounds/min (AN/M2) 1,200–1,300 rounds/min (AN/M3)"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"890 m/s"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"7,400 m"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"1,800 m"
name"Feed System"
value"Belt-fed (M2 or M9 links)"
name"Sights"
value"INA"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value".50 BMG (12.7×99mm NATO)"
name"Basic Load"
value"1,000"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Yes"
name"Ballistic Computer"
value"Hughes 12 kilobyte digital computer"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"Yes"
name"Day Optics"
value"Hughes primary stabilized sight with 3- and 10-power day optics"
name"Night Optics"
value"Hughes night-vision/sight with thermal imaging"
name"Rangefinder"
value"Unity vision with 18-deg field of view, integrated Hughes Nd-YAG laser"
name"Effective Fire Range"
value"200 to 7,990 m"
name"Accuracy"
value"10 m or less"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"Chobham-type armor on glacis and turret,armored bulkheads between turret and engine; depleted uranium armor in production since 1988"
name"Turret Armor"
value"INA"
name"Applique Armor"
value"Available"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"INA"
name"Active Protection System"
value"In addition to the armor, some USMC Abrams tanks are equipped with a Softkill Active protection system, the AN/VLQ-6 Missile Countermeasure Device (MCD) that can impede the function of guidance systems of some semi-active control line-of-sight (SACLOS) wire- and radio guided anti-tank missiles (such as the Russian 9K114 Shturm) and infrared homing missiles."
name"Mine Clearing"
value"INA"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"INA"
name"NBC Protection"
value"200 SCFM-Clean Cooled Air (collective overpressure); AN/VDR-1 radiological warning device"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"M250 (British L8A1) 2 x 6-barrel smoke discharger (24 rounds), engine exhaust generation"
name"Fire Suppression"
value"automatic detection and suppression"
variants
name"M1A1"
notes"Production started in 1985 and continued to 1992, pressurized NBC system, rear bustle rack for improved stowage of supplies and crew belongings, redesigned blow-off panels and M256 120 mm smoothbore cannon (4,976 built for the U.S. Army, 221 for USMC, 59 M1A1 AIM SA sold to Australia)."
name"M1A1 FEP USMC"
notes"The US Marine Corps (USMC) acquired M1A1s that were identical to the US Army counterpart, and has since upgraded them with a Firepower Enhancement Package (FEP)."
name"M1A1SA; M1A1SA/ED; M1A1ED"
notes"The M1A1SA/ED became the main battle tank of the US Army following upgrades to the M1A1."
name"M1A1, Australia"
notes"Australia operates a fleet of 59 M1A1s"
name"M1A1M"
notes"An export variant ordered by the Iraqi Army with depleted uranium armor removed and older thermal imaging system with lower resolution used."
name"M1A2"
notes"The M1A2 is an improved M1A1 and includes a number of significant changes such as an independent commander’s sight, full digital electronic architecture and a ROWS."
name"M1A2, Kuwait"
notes"Kuwait purchased the M1A2 in 1994 in a bid to reinforce its land forces following the Gulf War and the Western-style tank gives the Kuwaiti army the ability to be trained by US forces."
name"M1A2, Saudi Arabia"
notes"The M1A2 in service with Saudi Arabia is a newbuild version."
name"M1A2S, Saudi Arabia"
notes"The upgrade from M1A2 to the M1A2S standard is designed to facilitate easier operation of the M1A2 in combat and improve the vehicle’s combat capability and reliability."
name"M1A2 SEP v1"
notes"The M1A2 SEP v1 update ran concurrently to the AIM XXI refit as well as the overhaul that led to the M1A1SA/ED."
name"M1A2 SEP v2"
notes"The Systems Enhancement Package v2 (SEP v2) was, until 2017, the most recent operational upgrade for US M1A1 and M1A2 tanks."
name"M1A2C (formerly SEP v3)"
notes"The M1A2C is the latest and most modern upgrade applied to M1 series vehicles in US service."
name"M104 Wolverine"
notes"The Wolverine is the only horizontally launched armoured bridge in the US inventory."
name"USMC Assault Breacher Vehicle (M1150)"
notes"The Assault Breacher Vehicle is an AEV built to clear a path through minefields that friendly forces can follow. It is based on an Abrams hull and is primarily in use with the USMC."
name"Joint Assault Bridge XM1075 (JAB)"
notes"The Joint Assault Bridge was designed to provide the USMC and US Army with a vehicle launched bridge based on the hull of a modified M1 hull."
type"WEG"
version1
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