WEG MediaWiki

M1A2 Abrams American Main Battle Tank (MBT)

tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Tanks"
"Main Battle Tanks"
"United States"
"PRO_Australia"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_Kuwait"
"PRO_Saudi Arabia"
"PRO_United States of America"
"Land"
"Tier3"
notes"M1A2 Abrams Main Battle Tank The M1A2 Abrams main battle tank is a further development of the M1A1. Currently it is one of the best MBTs in the world. Development of improved M1A1 began in 1988. About 1 200-1 500 M1A2 main battle tanks were delivered to the US army. Out of this number approximately 1000 outdated M1 main battle tanks were upgraded to the M1A2 standard. It is planned that this tank will remain in service beyond 2050. The M1A2 has been exported to Kuwait (218) and Saudi Arabia (457). Approved for production in 1990, the M1A2 represents the U.S. Army’s technological improvement of the basic M1A1 design and the most modern battle tank in the world. Outwardly similar in appearance to the M1A1, the most notable exterior changes on the M1A2 are the redesigned Commander's Weapon Station (CWS) and the addition of a Commander's Independent Thermal Viewer) on the left side of the turret forward of the loader's hatch. Internally, however, the M1A2 has been radically redesigned to take advantage of newer technology. Most notable of these improvements is the addition of the Inter-Vehicle Information System (IVIS.) The IVIS system allows for the automatic and continual exchange of information between vehicles. By incorporating information provided by an on board Position/Navigation (POSNAV) system, unit commander's can track the location and progress of subordinate elements automatically, without tasking vehicle crews. In addition enemy positions can be identified, plotted and disseminated, while reports and artillery requests can be automatically formatted, transmitted, and processed. Lastly, map graphic control measures and operational orders can be rapidly distributed via the IVIS system. To ensure information security, all IVIS data transmissions are routed through the M1A2's SINCGARS radio system. Improving on the "hunter-killer" tank commander-gunner target hand off method pioneered on the German Leopard II, the M1A2 takes this a step further by providing the Tank Commander with an independent thermal sight. This CITV sight allows the commander to independently scan for targets in all weather conditions and through battlefield obscurants. In addition to IVIS and the CITV, the M1A2 incorporates a number of additional electronic upgrades. Power distribution throughout the tank has been improved, relying on multiple bus paths so that in the event one conduit is damaged, power may still be delivered to a component via an alternate path. The driver's instrument display has been upgraded to a more detailed digital display and the Gunner's Primary Sight has been stabilized in two axes for increased accuracy."
dateOfIntroduction1992
countryOfOrigin"United States"
proliferation"Australia, CFE Treaty, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United States of America"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Australia"
"CFE Treaty"
"Kuwait"
"Saudi Arabia"
"United States of America"
dis
name"M1A2"
string"01.01.225.001.001.003.000"
images
"M1A2(A).jpg"
"M1A2(B).jpg"
"M1A2(C).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"M1A2"
name"Type"
value"Main Battle Tank"
name"Crew"
value"4 (commander, driver, gunner, loader)"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length, Hull"
value"7.92 m"
name"Width, with Skirts"
value"3.65 m"
name"Width, without Skirts"
value"3.48 m"
name"Track Length on Ground"
value"4.65 m"
name"Track Width"
value"0.64 m"
name"Ground Clearance, Center of Hull"
value"0.48 m"
name"Ground Clearance, Sides"
value"0.43 m"
name"Height"
value"2.89 m"
name"Gun Length"
value"9.83 m"
name"Height to Turret Roof"
value"2.44 m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"63,086 kg"
name"Ground Pressure"
value"1.08 kg/sq cm"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"Textron-Lycoming AGT-1500 2-spool free-shaft, multi-fuel turbine with Allied-Bendix digital electronic fuel control"
name"Engine Type"
value"Multi-Fuel"
name"Engine Power"
value"1,500 hp at 3,000 rpm"
name"Power-to-Weight Ratio"
value"23.77 hp/metric ton"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"504 gal (1,908 liters)"
name"Transmission"
value"Allison X-1100-3B Automatic hydro-kinetic, hydrostatic steering, 4 forward and 2 reverse gears"
name"Suspension"
value"advanced torsion bar, 7 road wheels with 15-in (381-mm)travel, rear drive, front idler, 3 internal rotary shock absorbers,2 return rollers"
name"Braking"
value"hydro-mechanical"
name"Road Speed"
value"66 km/h"
name"Speed, 10 Deg Upslope"
value"27 km/h"
name"Speed, 60 Deg Upslope"
value"7 km/h"
name"Acceleration"
value"32 km/h"
name"Range"
value"426 km"
name"Communications"
properties
name"Radio"
value"single-channel ground and airborne radio system (SINCGARS)"
name"Main Gun"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"M256 smoothbore"
name"Type"
value"120-mm/46-cal M256 smoothbore with fume extractor and thermal sleeve"
name"Caliber"
value"120mm"
name"Length"
value"5.6 m"
name"Barrel Length"
value"5.3 m"
name"Width"
value"728 mm"
name"Bore"
value"120-mm/44-caliber, smoothbore fitted with fume extractor and thermal sleeve"
name"Gun Weight"
value"1,905 kg"
name"Barrel Weight"
value"1,175 kg"
name"Recoil, Maximum"
value"370 mm"
name"Recoil, Normal"
value"340 mm"
name"Recoil System"
value"2 hydraulic buffers and 1 hydropneumatic recuperator"
name"Breech Type"
value"semi-automatic vertical sliding wedge"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1373+ m/sec"
name"Maximum Range"
value"2,500+ km"
name"Turret Type"
value"electro-hydraulic, manual backup"
name"Feed System"
value"Manual"
name"Elevation"
value"-10/+20 deg"
name"Traverse"
value"360 deg"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Name"
value"M830"
name"Type"
value"HEAT-MP"
name"Caliber"
value"120"
units"mm"
name"Length"
value"981 mm"
name"Weight"
value"24.2 kg"
name"Basic Load"
value"42 rounds"
name"Ammo Types"
value"HEAT-MP-T, APFSDS-T, MPAT, STAFF"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Name"
value"M829"
name"Type"
value"APFSDS"
name"Caliber"
value"120mm"
name"Length"
value"935 mm"
name"Weight"
value"18.7 kg"
name"Basic Load"
value"42 Rounds"
name"Coaxial Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x 7.26-mm M240 machine gun"
name"Type"
value"General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"7.72mm"
name"Length"
value"1,260 mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"630 mm"
name"Width"
value"120 mm"
name"Height"
value"(260 mm"
name"Weight"
value"12.5 kg"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated long-stroke piston, open bolt"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"M240, M240E1, M240C, M240D and M240G: Gas Setting 1: 650–750 RPM Gas Setting 2: 750–850 RPM Gas Setting 3: 850–950 RPM M240B, M240L and M240H: 550–650 RPM Barrett 240LW and 240 LWS: 550–650 RPM"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"853 m/s"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"3,725 m"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"800 m (875 yd) (bipod) 1,100 m (1,203 yd) (tripod)"
name"Feed System"
value"Belt-fed using M13 disintegrating links"
name"Sights"
value"Iron sights: front blade and folding rear leaf with aperture and notch"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"7.62×51mm NATO"
name"Basic Load"
value"6,000 Rounds"
name"Loader's Weapon System"
properties
name"Weapon"
value"1 x 7.62-mm M240 machine gun on Skate Mount"
name"Basic Load"
value"6,000 Rounds"
name"Commander's Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x .50-caliber M2 machine gun"
name"Type"
value"Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7mm"
name"Length"
value"1,654 mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"1,143 mm"
name"Weight"
value"38 kg (83.78 lb) 58 kg (127.87 lb) with tripod and T&E (Traverse and Elevation Mechanism)"
name"Action"
value"Short recoil-operated"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"450–600 rounds/min (M2HB) 750–850 rounds/min (AN/M2) 1,200–1,300 rounds/min (AN/M3)"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"890 m/s"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"7,400 m"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"1,800 m"
name"Feed System"
value"Belt-fed (M2 or M9 links)"
name"Sights"
value"INA"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value".50 BMG (12.7×99mm NATO)"
name"Basic Load"
value"1,000"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Yes"
name"Ballistic Computer"
value"Hughes 12 kilobyte digital computer"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"Yes"
name"Day Optics"
value"Hughes primary stabilized sight with 3- and 10-power day optics"
name"Night Optics"
value"Hughes night-vision/sight with thermal imaging"
name"Rangefinder"
value"GEC Avionics/Kollsman eye-safe CO2 rangefinder replaces the Nd-YAG laser rangefinder"
name"Effective Fire Range"
value"200 to 7,990 m"
name"Accuracy"
value"10 m or less"
name"Commander's Thermal Viewer"
value"a Texas Instruments commander's independent thermal viewer (CITV), which permits the commander to search and independently select new targets"
name"Driver's Thermal Viewer"
value"Hughes driver's thermal viewer (DTV) with integrated display, a fire-control electronics unit (FCEU) that coordinates CIT stabilization, primary sight and gun-turret drive"
name"M1A2 Upgrade"
value"improved commander's weapon station (ICWS)"
name"Information System"
value"intervehicular information system (IVIS)"
name"Navigation System"
value"Smith Industries position navigation (POS/NAV) system"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"Chobham-type armor on glacis and turret,armored bulkheads between turret and engine; depleted uranium armor in production since 1988"
name"Turret Armor"
value"INA"
name"Applique Armor"
value"Available"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"INA"
name"Active Protection System"
value"In addition to the armor, some USMC Abrams tanks are equipped with a Softkill Active protection system, the AN/VLQ-6 Missile Countermeasure Device (MCD) that can impede the function of guidance systems of some semi-active control line-of-sight (SACLOS) wire- and radio guided anti-tank missiles (such as the Russian 9K114 Shturm) and infrared homing missiles."
name"Mine Clearing"
value"INA"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"INA"
name"NBC Protection"
value"200 SCFM-Clean Cooled Air (collective overpressure); AN/VDR-1 radiological warning device"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"M250 (British L8A1) 2 x 6-barrel smoke discharger (24 rounds), engine exhaust generation"
name"Fire Suppression"
value"automatic detection and suppression"
name"Fuel Cover"
value"Allied Bendix digital electronic fuel control"
name"Note"
value"Enhanced survivability including better armor on gunner's primary sight (GPS) cover;"
variants
name"Variants"
notes"Multiple Variants and Upgrades"
type"WEG"
version1
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