WEG MediaWiki

Mi-28 (Havoc) Russian Attack Helicopter

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false
false
true
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categories
"WEG"
"Aircraft"
"Rotary Wing Aircraft"
"Attack Helicopter"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_Iraq"
"PRO_Kenya"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
"Air"
"Tier3"
notes"Mi-28 Havoc attack aircraft interdictor technical data sheet specifications intelligence description information identification pictures photos images video Mil Russia Russian Air Force aviation air defense industry military technology Description. The Mil Mi-28A/N (NATO reporting name "Havoc") is a Russian all-weather, day-night, military tandem, two-seat anti-armor attack helicopter designed and produced by Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant. It is a dedicated attack helicopter with no intended secondary transport capability, better optimized than the Mil Mi-24 gunship for the role. Design work on the Mi-28 began under Marat Tishchenko in 1981, and the first prototype was flown on 10 November 1982. The Mi-28 program was canceled in 1993 because it was deemed uncompetitive with the Ka-50, and in particular, it was not all-weather capable. The Mi-28 is a new-generation attack helicopter that functions as an air-to-air and air-to-ground partner for the Mi-24 Hind and Ka-50 Hokum. The five-blade main rotor is mounted above the body midsection, short, wide, tapered, weapon-carrying wings are mounted to the rear of the body midsection. Two turboshaft engines in pods are mounted alongside the top of the fuselage with downturned exhausts. The fuselage is slender and tapers to the tail boom and nose. It features tandem, stepped-up cockpits, a cannon mounted beneath the belly, and a non-retractable tricycle tail-wheel type landing gear. Due to the energy-absorbing landing gear and seats the crew can survive a vertical fall of up to 12 m/s. The Mi-28 has a fully armored cabin, including the windshield, which withstands 7.62 and 12.7 mm armor-piercing bullets and 20 mm shell fragments. The helicopter design is based on the conventional pod and boom configuration, with a tail rotor. The main rotor head has elastomeric bearings and the main rotor blades are made from composite materials. The tail rotor is designed on a biplane configuration, with independently controlled X-shaped blades. A new design of all-plastic rotor blades, which can sustain 30 mm shells, is installed on the Mi-28N night attack variant. It is equipped with two heavily armored cockpits, a windshield able to withstand 12.7–14.5 mm caliber bullets, in-nose electronics, and a narrow-X tail rotor (55 deg), with reduced noise characteristics. It is powered by two 2,200 hp Isotov TV-3-117VM (t/n 014) turboshaft engines. While the Mi-28 is not intended for use as transport, it does have a small passenger compartment capable of carrying three people. The planned purpose of this is the rescue of downed helicopter crews. The Mi-28N features a helmet-mounted display for the pilot. The pilot designates targets for the navigator/weapons officer, who proceeds to fire the weapons required to fulfill that particular task. The integrated surveillance and fire control system has two optical channels providing wide and narrow fields of view, a narrow-field-of-view optical television channel, and a laser rangefinder. The system can move within 110 degrees in azimuth and from +13 to −40 degrees in elevation. The night attack variant helicopter retains most of the structural design of the original Mi-28. The main difference is the installation of an integrated electronic combat system. Other modifications include a new main gearbox for transmitting higher power to the rotor, new high-efficiency blades with swept-shaped tips, and an engine fuel injection control. The pilot uses a helmet-mounted target designator, which allocates the target to the navigator's surveillance and fire control system. The navigator/weapons officer is then able to employ guided weapons or guns against the target. The targeting system follows the direction of the pilot's eyes. Russia's military rotary-wing aircraft fleet has been fully refitted with new night vision goggles (NVG). Mil Mi-28N attack helicopters of the Russian Aerospace Forces (VKS) received GEO-ONV1-family NVGs."
dateOfIntroduction1982
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Algeria, CFE Treaty, Iraq, Kenya, Russian Federation, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Algeria"
"CFE Treaty"
"Iraq"
"Kenya"
"Russian Federation"
"Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
dis
name"MI28 HAVOC"
string"01.02.222.020.001.001.000"
images
"Mil_Mi-28_(Havoc)_Russian_(D).jpg"
"Mi-28Hel(C).jpg"
"Mi-28_Havoc(Z).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"Mil Mi-28"
name"Type"
value"Attack Helicopter"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Mil"
name"In Service"
value"1982-Present"
name"Function"
value"New-generation attack helicopter that functions as an air-to-air and air-to-ground partner for the Mi-24 Hind and Ka-50 Hokum."
name"Crew"
value"2 (1 pilot, 1 WSO)"
name"Passenger Capacity"
value"3"
units"ea"
name"Blades, Main Rotor"
value"5"
units"ea"
name"Blades, Tail Rotor"
value"4"
units"ea"
name"Number of Main Engines"
value"2"
units"ea"
name"Day/Night Capable"
value"Yes"
name"All Weather Capable"
value"Yes"
name"Number of Hard Points"
value"Two pylons under each stub wing to mount bombs, rockets, missiles, and gun pods."
name"Radar Type"
value"Arbalet millimeter-wave radar"
name"Pilot HUD"
value"Yes"
name"Cockpit Type"
value"Tandem, stepped-up cockpits"
name"Note #1"
value"The Mil Mi-28 is capable of auto-hover and hover/heading lock-in attack mode"
name"Note #2"
value"For anti-armor missions the Mi-28 can be equipped with Ataka, Shturm-V or Vikhr anti-tank guided missiles."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"16.85"
units"m"
name"Length, with rotors revolving"
value"21.16"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"4.81"
units"m"
name"Height"
value"3.82"
units"m"
name"Rotor Diameter"
value"17.20"
units"m"
name"Weight, Full Load"
value"11,500"
units"kg"
name"Weight, Normal"
value"10,400"
units"kg"
name"Weight, Empty"
value"7,890"
units"kg"
name"Weight, Combat Load"
value"638"
units"kg"
name"Weight, Maximum Combat Load"
value"1,605"
units"kg"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"2 x Klimov TV3-117"
name"Engine Type"
value"Turboshaft engines"
name"Engine Power"
value"2,200 hp each"
name"Fuel Capacity, Internal"
value"1,337"
units"kg"
name"Fuel Capacity, Drop Tanks"
value"445"
units"kg"
name"Speed, Cruise"
value"260"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Maximum"
value"282"
units"km/h"
name"Range, Normal Takeoff Weight"
value"460"
units"km"
name"Ceiling, Hovering"
value"3,450"
units"m"
name"Ceiling, Service"
value"5,750"
units"m"
name"Range, Ferry with Drop Tanks"
value"1,105"
units"km"
name"Endurance"
value"2"
units"hours"
name"G Limits"
value"+3.5"
units"G"
name"Communications"
properties
name"UHF Radio"
value"Yes"
name"VHF Radio"
value"Yes"
name"IFF Capabile"
value"Yes"
name"Chin Mounted Gun"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x Shipunov 2A42"
name"Type"
value"Autocannon"
name"Caliber"
value"30"
units"mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Tulamashzavod"
name"Total Length"
value"3,027"
units"mm"
name"Number of Barrel"
value"1"
units"ea"
name"Barrel Length"
value"2,416 mm"
name"Weight"
value"115"
units"kg"
name"Max Rate of Fire (Low)"
value"200-300 rds/min"
name"Max Rate of Fire (High)"
value"550-800 rds/min"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"4,000"
units"m"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"2,000"
units"m"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated"
name"Feed System"
value"Twin Feed"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Name"
value"M929"
name"Type"
value"APFSDS-T"
name"Caliber"
value"30"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"30mm × 165mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1,260"
units"m/s"
name"Basic Load"
value"300"
units"ea"
name"Note #1"
value"A sub-caliber fin-stabilized discarding sabot round with tracer from Belgian Mecar, with tungsten alloy penetrator. Penetration: 50 mm RHA steel at 60 degree impact at 1,000 m range"
name"Note #2"
value"Rounds from High Explosive Incendiary (HEI) to Armour-Piercing Discarding Sabot (APDS) can be used."
properties
name"Note"
value"The Mi-28 is equipped with a chin-mounted NPPU-28 turret with 30 mm automatic Shipunov 2A42 autocannon."
name"Wing Mounted Weapons"
sections
name"Rocket System"
properties
name"Name"
value"2 x B-13L Rocket Pods"
name"Type"
value"Rocket Pod"
name"Length"
value"3,560"
units"mm"
name"Diameter"
value"410"
units"mm"
name"Unloaded Weight"
value"160"
units"kg"
name"Number of Rockets per Rocket Pod"
value"5"
units"ea"
name"Firing Interval"
value"0.15"
units"sec"
name"Rocket System Ammunition"
properties
name"Name"
value"S-13"
name"Type"
value"122mm caliber unguided rocket weapon"
name"Length"
value"2.54"
units"m"
name"Diameter"
value"INA"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"INA"
name"Launch Weight"
value"57"
units"kg"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"21"
units"kg"
name"Effective Range"
value"1.1-3"
units"km"
name"Penetration"
value"Penetrates 3 m of earth and 1 m of reinforced concrete. On runways it produces a demolition area of 20 m². Velocity 650 m/s."
name"Basic Load"
value"5 Rockets per B-13L"
units"ea"
name"Note"
value"In total the Mi-28 carries 10 x S-13 Rockets (5 Rockets in each B-13L Rocket Pod)."
name"Anti-Tank Guided Missile System (Option 2)"
properties
name"Name"
value"2 x Shturm"
name"Type"
value"ATGM"
name"In Service"
value"1976-Present"
name"Missile Length"
value"1,630"
units"mm"
name"Missile Diameter"
value"130"
units"mm"
name"Fin Span"
value"360"
units"mm"
name"Missile Weight"
value"31.4"
units"kg"
name"Guidance System"
value"Radio Guided"
name"Warhead Type"
value"HEAT"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"5.3"
units"kg"
name"Range of Fire"
value"5"
units"km"
name"Basic Load"
value"8"
units"ea"
name"Anti-Tank Guided Missile System (Option 2)"
properties
name"Name"
value"2 x Ataka (AT-9 Spiral-2)"
name"Type"
value"ATGM"
name"In Service"
value"1990-Present"
name"Missile Length"
value"1.83"
units"m"
name"Missile Diameter"
value"0.13"
units"m"
name"Fin Span"
value"0.36"
units"m"
name"Missile Weight"
value"42.5"
units"kg"
name"Warhead Type"
value"tandem HEAT, fuel-air explosive, expanding rod"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"7.4"
units"kg"
name"Guidance System"
value"Radio-Guided & Semi-Automatic Command to Line of Sight (SACLOS) guidance"
name"Speed"
value"supersonic"
name"Range of Fire"
value"6"
units"km"
name"Basic Load"
value"8"
units"ea"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Fire Control System Type"
value"Integrated surveillance and fire control system"
name"Fire Control Radar"
value"Yes"
name"Digital or Analog Cockpit"
value"Digital"
name"Direct Fire Control"
value"Yes"
name"Laser Designator"
value"Yes"
name"Laser Rangfinder"
value"Yes"
name"Automated Helmet"
value"Yes, target designation and indication system"
name"Sights"
value"TV Channel, Thermal, EO"
name"GPS"
value"Yes"
name"Navigation"
value"Integrated Inertial Navigation"
name"Night Vision Compatible Cockpit"
value"Yes"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Crew Compartment Armor"
value"It withstands hits from 12.7 mm armor-piercing rounds and 20 mm HE-FRAG rounds. It is claimed that this helicopter can not be defeated by a single short-range anti-aircraft missile."
name"Windsheild"
value"Protection from 7.62 and 12.7 mm armor piercing bullets and 20 mm shell fragments."
name"Warning System"
value"Mak IR Warnign System"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes"
name"EW"
value"INA"
name"Counter Measures (Chaff/Flares)"
value"Yes, UV-26 flares"
name"IR Sensors"
value"Yes, 2 x fixed IR sensors"
name"IR Suppressors"
value"Yes"
name"Jammer System"
value"Platan Jammer"
name"Radar Warning System"
value"Yes"
name"Laser Warning System"
value"Yes"
name"Energy Absorbing Seats"
value"Yes"
name"Parachute Escape System"
value"Yes, in a hatch on the port side to the rear of the wing"
name"CVI: WEFT"
properties
name"Wings"
value"Short-sloped wing weapon load mount points."
name"Engine"
value"Engine exhausts on both sides of fuselage. Dual air inlets."
name"Fuselage"
value"Mouse nose radar. High accuracy radar navigation system. Armored angular shaped tandem pilot canopies. Fixed-wheeled landing gears. Target sight system. Under mount 30mm chain gun."
name"Tail"
value"Features a stabilizer wing and fin. Tail rotor is on right side."
variants
name"Mi-28N/MMW Havoc"
notes"All weather day-night version adopted by Russian military in 2009. Equipped with a top-mounted millimeter wave radar, thermographic camera-TV, and a laser rangefinder. Powered by two Russian Klimov TV3-117VMA-SB3 engines (2,500 hp each), produced by the Ukrainian Motor-Sich and replaced by Russian-made VK-2500 engines as of 2016. Max takeoff weight: 11,500 kg, max payload: 2,350 kg."
name"Mi-28NE"
notes"Export version of the Mi-28N. In service with the Iraqi and Algerian Air Force. In August 2018, the Russian Helicopters unveiled an upgraded Mi-28NE variant, with improvements made in the main rotor system and engine unit and new on-board radio-electronic equipment."
name"Mi-28NM"
notes"An upgraded version of the Mi-28N under development since 2009. The helicopter has redesigned nose hull due to removal of its nose antenna, new H025 radar station for all-round visibility, more powerful Klimov VK-2500 engines instead of the previous Klimov TV3-117VMA engines and improved rotor blades to increase its maximum speed by 13% and cruise speed by 10%."
name"Mi-28D"
notes"Simplified daylight operation version. Similar to Mi-28N, but without top-mounted radar and FLIR"
name"Mi-28NAe"
notes"Export version offered to North Korea"
name"Mi-40"
notes"Proposed armed transport version. Never reached prototype stage."
name"Mi-28UB"
notes"Training-and-combat version, designed for training for Mi-28N. Has dual hydromechanical flight controls that can be operated from tandem cockpits, a more spacious lower cockpit to house a flight instructor, a wider pilot canopy, and new energy-absorbing crew seats. Serves as a trainer but can perform attack helicopter tasks."
name"Mi-40"
notes"The Mil Mi-40 was a projected utility version of the Mi-28, first initiated in 1983, announced in 1992 and shown at the Moscow Airshow in 1993. It was primarily intended for the "Aerial Infantry Fighting Vehicle" category as a successor to the Mil Mi-24 and Mi-8 assault helicopters."
type"WEG"
version1
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