WEG MediaWiki

MiG-31 (Foxhound) Russian Interceptor/Attack Aircraft

"Fixed Wing Aircraft"
"Attack Aircraft"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
notes"MiG-31 (Foxhound) Russian Attack Aircraft is a supersonic interceptor aircraft developed for use by the Soviet Air Forces. The aircraft was designed by the Mikoyan design bureau as a replacement for the earlier MiG-25 "Foxbat"; the MiG-31 is based on and shares design elements with the MiG-25. The MiG-31 has the distinction of being one of the fastest combat jets in the world. It continues to be operated by the Russian Air Force and the Kazakhstan Air Force following the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Russian Defence Ministry expects the MiG-31 to remain in service until 2030 or beyond. Like the MiG-25, the MiG-31 is a large twin-engine aircraft with side-mounted air intake ramps, a shoulder-mounted wing with an aspect ratio of 2.94, and twin vertical tail fins. Unlike the MiG-25, it has two seats, with the rear occupied by a dedicated weapon systems officer. The MiG-31 is limited to five g when traveling at supersonic speeds. While flying under combat weight, its wing loading is marginal and its thrust-to-weight ratio is favorable. The MiG-31 is not designed for close combat or rapid turning. The wings and airframe of the MiG-31 are stronger than those of the MiG-25, permitting supersonic flight at low altitudes. Like the MiG-25, its flight surfaces are built primarily of nickel-steel alloy, enabling the aircraft to tolerate kinetic heating at airspeeds approaching Mach 3. The MiG-31 airframe comprises 49% arc-welded nickel steel, 33% light metal alloy, 16% titanium, and 2% composites. Its D30-F6 jet engines, each rated at 152 kN thrust, allow a maximum speed of Mach 1.23 at low altitude. High-altitude speed is temperature-redlined to Mach 2.83 – the thrust-to-drag ratio is sufficient for speeds in excess of Mach 3, but such speeds pose unacceptable hazards to engine and airframe life in routine use."
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"CFE Treaty, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation"
"All Regions"
Empty array
"CFE Treaty"
"Russian Federation"
name"Alternative Designations"
value"MiG-31; NATO: Foxhound"
value"Attack Aircraft"
value"8 × underwing pylons"
value"22.62 m"
value"13.456 m"
name"Wing Area"
value"61.6 m2"
value"6.456 m"
name"Weight, Empty"
value"21,820 kg"
name"Weight, Gross"
value"41,000 kg"
name"Maximum Takeoff Weight"
value"46,200 kg"
name"Engine Name"
value"2 × Soloviev D-30F6"
name"Engine Type"
value"Afterburning Turbofan"
name"Engine Power"
value"93 kN (21,000 lbf) thrust each dry, 152 kN (34,000 lbf) with afterburner"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"16,130 kg internal, plus optional external fuel tanks"
name"Maximum Speed"
value"3,000 km/h"
name"Cruise Speed"
value"2,500 km/h"
value"3,000 km with 4 x R-33E and 2 drop tanks; 5,400 km with 4 x R-33E and 2 drop tanks with one aerial refueling"
name"Service Ceiling"
value"25,000 m"
name"G Limits"
name"Rate of CLimb"
value"288 m/s"
name"Main Gun System"
value"1 × 23 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-6-23M"
value"Rotary Cannon"
value"23 mm"
value"1.4 m"
value"180 mm"
value"6 kg"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"6,000–8,000 rounds per minute"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"715 m/s"
name"Feed System"
value"Belt or linkless feed system"
value"23 mm"
value"23×115mm AM-23"
name"Basic Load"
value"800 Rounds"
name"Missile Payloads"
value"The MIG-31 has 8 × underwing pylons with provisions to carry combinations of missiles which vary based on mission and aircraft variant."
value"4 × R-33E; 4 × R-60MK; 2 × R-40RD/TD"
value"4 × Kh-58UShKE anti-radiation missile; 1 × Kh-47M2 Kinzhal hypersonic air-launched ballistic missile"
value"The MiG-31 aircraft is equipped with world’s first electronically scanned N007 Zaslon phased array radar. It is also known as SBI-16 Zaslon (Flash Dance) radar and operates from the rear cockpit by WSO. It can receive signals from early warning radar (EWR) and airborne warning and control systems (AWACS). Zaslon has the capacity to scan 200km distance. The radar can trap ten targets and engage four simultaneously flying in the surrounding radius of the aircraft (behind and below the aircraft). The antenna of Zaslon is fixed and can be moved electronically. The electronic steering of the radar beam is much faster and accurate than mechanical steering. The Zaslon radar has the capacity to search and attack various targets in air and ground using continuous and discontinuous fields of control and guidance commands despite target defensive manoeuvres, electronic counter measures (ECM) and adverse weather conditions."
name"Infrared Search and Track (IRST)"
value"8TK IRST"
value"The MiG-31 cockpit is equipped with digital avionics such as MFDs and liquid crystal displays (LCDs), which provide updated instrument readings and radar information. Both front and rear sides of the cockpit are equipped with zero / zero ejection seats which allow the pilot to fly at the altitude and airspeed preferred. The pilot sits in the front seat of the cockpit while the weapon system officer (WSO) sits in the rear cockpit seat, controlling the radar operations and weapon deployment thereby decreasing the work load of the pilot and increasing the efficiency."
value"MiG-31 is equipped with light duty (LD) / speed and direction (SD) sensor, track while scan (TWS) radar, infrared search and track (IRST) system and radar warning receiver (RWR) system. The aircraft assigns partial power to track targets and the remaining to scan. The TWS radar system in the aircraft uses two new technologies – phased array radars and computer memory devices. The IRST sensor detects and tracks jet aircraft and helicopters that emit infrared rays, while the RWR systems detect radar systems emitting radio waves through the ground or in the air. The RWR comprises a visual display unit (VDU) in the cockpit that monitors radars by producing audible sounds."
value"The MiG-31’s airframe contains various materials including welded nickel steel (49%), titanium (16%), aluminum alloy (33%) and 2% of composites."
name"Stealth Properties"
name"Heat Signature Reduction"
name"NBC Protection"
name"EW Countermeasures"
name"Ye-155MP (MiG-25MP)"
notes"Prototype modification of the early MiG-31. First flight on 16 September 1975."
notes"First variant which entered in serial production. 349 aircraft were built."
notes"Development of a more comprehensive advanced version, the MiG-31M, began in 1984 and first flew in 1985, but the dissolution of the Soviet Union prevented it from entering full production. One piece rounded windscreen, small side windows for rear cockpit, wider and deeper dorsal spine. Digital flight controls added, multifunction CRT cockpit displays, multi-mode phased array radar. No gun fitted in this model, refueling probe moved to starboard side of aircraft, fuselage weapon stations increased from 4 to 6 by adding two centre-line stations. Maximum TO weight increased to 52,000 kg (115,000 lb) using increased thrust D-30F6M engines instead of the D-30F6 engines. 1 prototype and 6 flyable pre-production units were produced."
notes"Two aircraft were designated as Type 31D and were manufactured as dedicated anti-satellite models with ballast in the nose instead of radars, flat fuselage undersurface (i.e. no recessed weapon system bays) and had large winglets above and below the wing-tips. Equipped with Vympel ASAT missiles. Two prototypes were built."
notes"Special modification used as a flying laboratory for testing of ejection seats during flight."
name"MiG-31 01DZ"
notes"Two-seat all weather, all altitude interceptor. Designated as MiG-31 01DZ when fitted with air-to-air refueling probe. One hundred produced of DZ variant."
notes"Second production batch with upgraded avionics and in-flight refueling probe introduced in 1990. Its development was the result of the Soviet discovery that Phazotron radar division engineer Adolf Tolkachev had sold information on advanced radars to the West. A new version of the compromised radar was hastily developed. MiG-31B also have the improved ECM and EW equipment with integration of improved R-33S missiles. Long range navigation system compatible with Loran/Omega and Chaka ground stations added. This model replaced the 01DZ models in late 1990."
notes"Export version of the MiG-31B with simplified avionics. Never entered in serial production."
notes"Designation applied to type 01DZ when converted to MiG-31B standard."
notes"After passing state testing in 2008 this modernized variant of MiG-31B was approved for introduction into air force of Russia. 50 planes are modified to MiG-31BM (Bolshaya Modernizatsiya/Deep Modernization) standard in accordance with 2011 contract. Efficiency of modernized MiG-31BM is 2.6 times greater than basic MiG-31. The MiG-31BМ's maximum detection range for air targets was increased in the upgrade to 320 km (200 mi). It had the ability to automatically track up to ten targets, and the latest units can track up to 24 targets and simultaneously engage up to eight targets. The on-board Argon-K is replaced with new Baget 55-06 computer that selects four targets of highest priority, which simultaneously are engaged by long-range R-33S air-to-air missiles. New long range missile R-37 (missile) with speed of Mach 6 and range up to 400 km (250 mi) is developed during modernization process for use with newly modernized MiG-31. MiG-31BM has multi-role capability as is capable of using anti-radar, air to ship and air to ground missiles. It has some of avionics unified with MiG-29SMT and has refueling probe. MiG-31BM broke world record while spending seven hours and four minutes in the air while covering the distance of 8,000 km (5,000 mi)."
notes"An upgrade of the BS version, it is the latest modernization variant first time contracted in 2014 for modernization of 60 aircraft, it is very similar in some aspects to the BM standard. Unlike the BS standard, aircraft modernized into the BSM standard are equipped with air refueling probe. Improvements were made to the aircraft canopy, where new and better heat resistant glass was used, thus enabling the MiG-31BSM to fly with cruise speed of 3,000 km/h (1,900 mph) at long distances without any damage. Furthermore, new faster central computer Baget-55-06 is used with addition of multi-functional displays, one for pilot and three for weapons operator-navigator. Also there is a new set of navigation equipment. The MiG-31BSM has multi-role capability with ability to use anti-radar, anti-ship and air-to-ground missiles. Main visible difference between the BS and BSM standards is adding of the rear-view periscope above the front cockpit canopy."
notes"Mig-31BM that can carry the hypersonic Kh-47M2 Kinzhal ALBM. Reportedly, ten aircraft have been modified as of May 2018. With this modification and with removed APU for air-to-air missiles, the aircraft's role is presumably reduced to attack missions."
notes"Planned export version of the MiG-31F."
name"MiG-31I (Ishim)"
notes"Proposed modification for air launch to orbit of small spacecraft with a payload of 160 kg (350 lb) to 300 km (190 mi) altitude or 120 kg (260 lb) to 600 km (370 mi) altitude orbit."
name"MiG-31 (Izdeliye 08)"
notes"MiG-31 modified as a launch platform for the Izdeliye 293 Burevestnik anti-satellite missile. At least two prototypes converted. Tests from September 2018."
Retrieved from "https://odin.tradoc.army.mil/mediawiki/index.php?title=MiG-31_(Foxhound)_Russian_Interceptor/Attack_Aircraft&oldid=49813"