WEG MediaWiki

Model 56 Italian 105mm Towed Howitzer

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"Towed Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"Italy"
"PRO_Argentina"
"PRO_Bangladesh"
"PRO_Botswana"
"PRO_Brazil"
"PRO_Chile"
"PRO_Cyprus"
"PRO_India"
"PRO_Kenya"
"PRO_Nepal"
"PRO_Nigeria"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_Peru"
"PRO_Philippines"
"PRO_Portugal"
"PRO_Spain"
"PRO_Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
"PRO_Zambia"
"Land"
"Tier4"
notes"The OTO-Melara Mod 56 is an Italian-made 105 mm pack howitzer built and developed by OTO-Melara. It fires the standard US type M1 ammunition. The capability of this weapon to be "knocked-down" allows the sections to be transported a number of ways although the original design was for mule-pack using special pack saddles. More often it is towed by a light vehicle such as a jeep or Land Rover, and with the shield removed it can be carried inside an M113 APC. However, its particular attraction to Western armies in the 1960s was that its light weight meant it could be lifted in one piece by helicopter, which made the gun popular with light artillery units in many countries as well as the more specialized mountain and airborne troops. Overall, the Mod 56 has served in more than 30 countries worldwide, of which a partial listing of the major operators is listed below. As an added refinement to the gun's mass, the Mod 56 is built to be an artillery piece with a reputation of ease with which it can be assembled and then disassembled into twelve components within minutes. The gun's light weight did have a drawback, however: it lacked the robustness necessary for sustained operations, Australian and New Zealand gunners in Vietnam found the weapon unsuitable for continuous operations. The guns in Vietnam were replaced by the sturdy US-made M101A1 after some two years. This lack of durability also led to their being carried on trucks for longer distances outside the combat zone. The Mod 56 offered limited protection to its crew."
dateOfIntroduction1959
countryOfOrigin"Italy"
proliferation"Argentina, Bangladesh, Botswana, Brazil, Chile, Cyprus, India, Kenya, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Spain, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Zambia"
selectedregions
Empty array
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Argentina"
"Bangladesh"
"Botswana"
"Brazil"
"Chile"
"Cyprus"
"India"
"Kenya"
"Nepal"
"Nigeria"
"Pakistan"
"Peru"
"Philippines"
"Portugal"
"Spain"
"Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
"Zambia"
dis
name"Unknown"
string"00.00.000.000.000.000.000"
images
"OTO_Melara_Mod_56(C).jpg"
"OTO_Melara_Mod_56(B).jpg"
"OTO_Melara_Mod_56(A).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"Model 56"
name"Type"
value"Towed Howitzer"
name"Caliber"
value"105 mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Oto Melara, La Spezia, Italy"
name"Crew"
value"7"
name"Trail Type"
value"split; each leg can have 2 or 3 folding sections"
name"Bore"
value"105-mm/14-cal, rifled"
name"Breach Type"
value"vertical sliding wedge"
name"Recoil System"
value"hydraulic buffer with helical spring recuperators"
name"Elevation"
value"-5 deg to 65 deg (-89 mils to 1,156 mils)"
name"Traverse"
value"18 deg (320 mils) to each side"
name"Rate of Fire, 1st 30 min"
value"4 rds/min"
name"Rate of Fire, 1st 30 min"
value"3 rds/min"
name"Rate of Fire, Anti-Tank Rounds"
value"8 rds/min"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"less than two minutes"
name"Displacement Time"
value"less than two minutes"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length, Firing"
value"4.80 m"
name"Length, Traveling"
value"3.65 m"
name"Width, Firing"
value"2.90 m"
name"Width, Traveling"
value"1.50 m"
name"Height Firing"
value"1.93 m"
name"Height, Traveling"
value"1.93 m"
name"Length of Barrel with Muzzle Brake"
value"1.72 m"
name"Length of Barrel without Muzzle Brake"
value"1.48 m"
name"Weight, Traveling and Firing"
value"1,290 kg"
name"Ammunition"
sections
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Name"
value"M413"
name"Type"
value"HE"
name"Caliber"
value"90 mm"
name"Length"
value"788 mm"
name"Weight"
value"19.05 kg"
name"Maximum Range"
value"10,575 m"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Name"
value"M67"
name"Type"
value"HEAT"
name"Caliber"
value"90 mm"
name"Length"
value"788 mm"
name"Weight"
value"16.7 kg"
name"Maximum Range"
value"10,575 m"
name"Ammunition (Option 3)"
properties
name"Name"
value"M60 WP"
name"Type"
value"HD"
name"Caliber"
value"90 mm"
name"Length"
value"790 mm"
name"Weight"
value"19.46 kg"
name"Maximum Range"
value"13,000 m"
type"WEG"
version1
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