WEG MediaWiki

PLZ-89 (Type 89) Chinese 122mm Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)

tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"Self-Propelled Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"China, People's Republic of"
"PRO_China"
"Land"
"Tier3"
notes"The PLZ-89 (Type 89) Chinese 122mm Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) is used by the People's Liberation Army of China to replace Type 85 and Type 70 122 mm self-propelled howitzer. PLZ-89 was first unveiled to the public during the 1999 National Day military parade. Since the late 1970s, a number of 122 mm self-propelled howitzers were developed in China to meet Chinese Army requirements. The PLA required a mobile artillery system to provide medium- to long-range indirect fire support for motorized infantry and armored troops capable of keeping pace with them. However, none of them could meet these requirements. The Type 89, also known as the PLZ89, the self-propelled howitzer was developed in the late 1980s. It was a Chinese attempt to develop indigenous SPH with similar capabilities to the Soviet 2S1 Gvosdika. Type 89 is currently in service with the Chinese Army and Marines. Several hundred of these artillery systems were built. The Type 89 SPH is armed with a 122 mm / L32 howitzer. It is a variant of the towed Type 86 (W-86), which in turn is a copy of the Soviet D-30 towed howitzer. Type 89 is fitted with a semi-automatic loader. This artillery system is compatible with Chinese and Russian 122 mm ammunition. The maximum range of fire is 18 km using standard HE projectile and 21 km with extended-range projectiles. The vehicle is fitted with a computerized fire control system. The secondary armament consists of a roof-mounted 12.7-mm machine gun. The armor of Type 89 provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters. The vehicle is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. Type 89 uses a tracked chassis, developed from the Type 77 amphibious armored personnel carrier. The vehicle is powered by the 12V150L12 diesel engine, developing 450 hp. Type 89 can be fitted with a flotation kit for amphibious operation. Gun for PLZ-89 is mounted on a tracked chassis that developed from a Type 77 amphibious armored personnel carrier and the main armament is derived from the Type 86 (W-86) 122 mm / 32 caliber towed howitzer, which itself is a Chinese copy of the Russian D-30 122 mm howitzer. PLZ-89 carries 40 rounds inside the turret and it can fire all types of Chinese and Russian 122 mm rounds. The gun is equipped with a semi-automatic loader with a maximum rate of fire of 6~8 rounds/min and fire accuracy is achieved by a digital fire-control system and a roof-mounted electro-optical sighting for day/night operations. The five crew members are protected by collective anti-NBC systems and automatic fire suppression. The howitzer can swim with the assistance of certain floating devices."
dateOfIntroduction1989
countryOfOrigin"China, People's Republic of"
proliferation"China"
selectedregions
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checkedcountries
"China"
dis
name"HOW SP TYPE 89 PLZ89 TRKD 122MM"
string"01.01.045.004.022.000.000"
images
"PLZ-89SPH(B).jpg"
"PLZ-89SPH(A).jpg"
"PLZ-89SPH(C).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"PLZ-89; Type 89"
name"Type"
value"Self-Propelled Howitzer"
name"Caliber"
value"122 mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Norinco"
name"Chassis"
value"The Type 89 uses a tracked chassis"
name"Crew"
value"5"
units"ea"
name"Displacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"6.5 m"
name"Width"
value"3.4 m"
name"Height"
value"2 m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"20 tons"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"12V150L12"
name"Engine Type"
value"Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"450"
units"hp"
name"Cruising Range"
value"500"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"60"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"INA"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"The Type 89 can be fitted with floatation kit for amphibious operation. Once the kit is fitted it can ford water obstacles such as lakes and rivers."
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Side Slope"
value"30"
units"%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"0.8 m"
name"Tench"
value"2.5 m"
name"Fording, without Preparation"
value"1.0 m"
name"Fording, with Preparation"
value"Amphibious"
name"Main Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"L32 Howitzer"
name"Type"
value"Howitzer"
name"Caliber"
value"122 mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"32 calibers"
name"Barrel Weight"
value"INA"
name"Elevation"
value"INA"
name"Traverse"
value"360 deg"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"18 - 21 km"
name"Maximum Rate of Fire"
value"6 - 8 rpm"
name"Note"
value"This artillery system is compatible with Chinese and Russian 122 mm ammunition."
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Projectile"
name"Caliber"
value"32"
units"mm"
name"Basic Load"
value"INA"
name"Coaxial Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x QJC88 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Type"
value"Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7mm"
name"Date of Introduction"
value"1985"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Norinco"
name"Proliferation"
value"China: INA"
name"In Service"
value"1985-Present"
name"Length"
value"1.5 m"
name"Barrel Length"
value"1 m"
name"Height"
value"INA"
name"Weight"
value"18.5 kg plus 15.5 kg mount"
name"Fire Selector"
value"0-F"
name"Action"
value"Gas operated, open bolt"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"540 - 600 rpm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"850 m/s"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"INA"
name"Magazine"
value"Belt fed, 50 rounds"
name"Sights"
value"Iron sights, optional optical sights"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"12.7x108mm Soviet"
name"Basic Load"
value"2,000 Rounds"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"INA"
name"Thermal Sight Vehicle Commander"
value"INA"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"Yes"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"Armor of the Type 89 provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters."
name"Turret Armor"
value"Armor of the Type 89 provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters."
name"Applique Armor"
value"INA"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No"
name"Active Protection System"
value"No"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"No"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"No"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"INA"
variants
name"SH3"
notes"Is an improved version of the Type 89, developed for export. It can be seen as a China's newly-built equivalent to the Soviet 2S1 Gvosdika. It offers greater mobility, improved fire control system and delivers greater firepower than the 2S1 or the Type 89 self-propelled howitzers. The SH3 has been exported to Rwanda."
name"PLZ-07"
notes"Is a successor of the Type 89. This artillery system is widely used by the China's army. It utilizes a similar 122 mm howitzer, but has a new tracked chassis. It has greater mobility, improved fire control system and delivers greater firepower than its predecessor. This artillery system was adopted by the Chinese army in the late 2000s and is fielded in large numbers."
name"PLZ-07B"
notes"Is a version of the PLZ-07, developed for China's marine corps. This artillery system is fully-amphibious and can be launched at sea from amphibious assault ships and swim over short distances to shore."
type"WEG"
version1
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