WEG MediaWiki

PZH-89 (Type 89) Chinese 122mm Multiple Rocket Launcher (MRL)

tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Rocket Artillery Systems"
"Light Rocket Systems (Up to 50 km)"
"China, People's Republic of"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Peru"
"Land"
"Tier3"
notes"The PZH-89 (Type 89) Chinese 122mm Multiple Rocket Launcher (MRL) is a well-armored tracked vehicle that carries a 40-tube array. The vehicle chassis is based on a Type 83 152mm self-propelled gun/howitzer. It appears very similar to the Soviet-designed BM-21 system. The MRL chassis is a low, tank-like hull with six unevenly spaced road wheels. The engine is located under the right side of the shallow glacis with the vehicle's driver under the left side. The rest of the crew is housed in an armored compartment at the rear, under the launcher. The crew compartment has two large vision blocks on each side and a rear door. On top of the hull, in place of Type 83's large gun turret, the MRL has an elevating, traversable mount with four rows of 10 tubes. Salvo fire of all 40 rockets takes less than 20 seconds; the rockets can also be fired singly. Ahead of the launcher is a large automatic-reload magazine with an additional 40 rockets. The type was classified in 1989, although the 122mm, 40-round, rocket launcher is almost identical to the Russian 122mm BM-21 introduced in the 1960s. It is no longer marketed or produced. The MRL remains in service. Approximately 250 systems were produced, according to MilitaryFactory.com (Feb. 28, 2016). Late-model Type 89s have been modified to include a cover for the 40-round rocket pack. Additionally, the left rear side layer of the launcher has a fully enclosed and armored compartment."
dateOfIntroduction1989
countryOfOrigin"China, People's Republic of"
proliferation"China, Peru"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"China"
"Peru"
dis
name"MRL SP TYPE 89 PHZ89 TRKD 122MM"
string"01.01.045.004.050.000.000"
images
"Type_89_MRL_(C).jpeg"
"Type_89_MRL_(B).jpeg"
"Type_89_MRL_(A).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"PHZ-89; Type 89"
name"Type"
value"Multiple Rocket Launcher"
name"Caliber"
value"122 mm"
name"Crew"
value"5"
units"ea"
name"Elevation Range"
value"0 - +55"
units"degrees"
name"Reloading"
value"The vehicle carries an additional 40 rockets for a basic load of 80"
name"Full Salvo Duration"
value"20"
units"sec"
name"Traverse Range"
value"66 degrees to the right and 102 degrees to the left"
name"Reload Time"
value"2"
units"min"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length, Hull"
value"6.85"
units"m"
name"Length, Overall"
value"7.18"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"3.15"
units"m"
name"Height, Hull Top"
value"1.47"
units"m"
name"Height, Overall"
value"3.18"
units"m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"29,900"
units"kg"
name"Ground Pressure"
value".68 kg/sq cm"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"12150L"
name"Engine Type"
value"Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"520"
units"hp"
name"Cruising Range"
value"450"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"55"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"32"
units"km/h"
name"Fording Depth"
value"1.3"
units"m"
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Obstacle, Vertical"
value"0.7"
units"m"
name"Obstacle, Trench"
value"2.6"
units"m"
name"Launcher"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Rocket Caliber"
value"122"
units"mm"
name"Number of Tubes"
value"40"
units"ea"
name"Ammunition General and HE Frag"
properties
name"Warhead Weight"
value"19.25"
units"kg"
name"Rocket Weight"
value"66.88"
units"kg"
name"Rocket Length"
value"2.87"
units"m"
name"Maximum Range"
value"20,580"
units"m"
name"Warhead Type"
value"4,100 steel balls dispersed by 6kg of RDX explosive filler"
name"Note"
value"All warheads (except mine-laying and Type 84 mine-laying) have extended-range versions that can achieve a range of 30km"
name"HE incendiary: HE and 6,000 incendiary pellets, 20.58km range"
name"HE cargo: 39 bomblets with 110-m armor penetration, 20.58km range"
name"HE fragmentation incendiary: HE and 3,400 steel balls, 20.58km range"
name"Mine-laying: six anti-tank or 96 anti-personnel mines, 15km range"
name"Type 84 mine-laying: eight anti-tank or 128 anti-personnel mines, 7km range."
name"High-explosive (HE): blast effect, 20.58-km range"
name"Fire Control and Sensors"
properties
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Yes, can receive firing data from higher HQ"
name"Indirect Fire"
value"INA"
name"Position Location System"
value"INA"
name"Driver"
value"Has WG501 day and TYG-1 night periscopes"
name"Gunner"
value"Has Type 66-1 direct fire sight and 2 periscopes (Type 59 tank and Type 84 panoramic)"
name"Commander"
value"Has WG501 day periscope"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Armor"
value"Steel"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"INA"
variants
name"Type 81"
notes"The Type 81 is a 40-round launcher on 6 x 6 CQ261 Hong Yan truck chassis with 200-hp engine. The range for this system is 30 km. It is in service in China."
name"Type 83"
notes"This is a 24-round launcher (two rounds of 12 tubes) on smaller 6 x 6 truck chassis."
name"Type 90"
notes"Type 90 is similar to Type 81. It also has 40-round launcher on 6 x 6 truck -- in this case, the Tiema SC 2030 with 300-hp engine. The launcher can fire all 40 rockets in less than 20 seconds following two minutes for bringing the launcher into action. The HJ-1 computer is the core of the fully automatic mode, which also incorporates sensors for launcher elevation and azimuth, vehicle tilt and direction. Reload takes less than three minutes."
type"WEG"
version1
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