WEG MediaWiki

Poseidon Class (Kanyon Class) Russian Unmanned Underwater Vehicle

tiers
true
false
false
false
categories
"WEG"
"Naval Watercraft"
"Autonomous Undersea Vehicles (AUVs)"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"Sea"
"Tier1"
notes"The Poseidon, previously known by Russian codename Status-6 (Russian: Статус-6), is a nuclear-powered and nuclear-armed unmanned underwater vehicle under development by Rubin Design Bureau, capable to deliver both conventional and nuclear payloads. The Poseidon is one of the six new Russian strategic weapons unveiled by Russian President Vladimir Putin on 1 March 2018. The Poseidon is intended as an asymmetric counter to U.S. missile defense systems, such as anti-ballistic missiles, railguns, or laser weapons, ensuring Russia's capability to overcome such systems. The Poseidon warhead can contaminate a large area with radiation. According to NukeMap simulations, the size of the radioactive area will be about 1700×300 kilometers. For this purpose, the Poseidon is believed to be equipped with a toxic cobalt bomb, containing cobalt-60. Poseidon appears to be a deterrent weapon of last resort. An aircraft carrier battle group would have reduced chances of defending itself against it. The drone could detonate its very large warhead at standoff range, and anti-submarine warfare units would have very little time to react because of the speed at which it travels. The Poseidon appears to be a torpedo-shaped robotic mini-submarine that can travel at speeds of 185 km/h (100 knots). More recent information suggests a top speed of 100 km/h (54 knots), with a range of 10,000 km (5,400 nmi; 6,200 mi) and a depth maximum of 1,000 m (3,300 ft). The typical depth of the drone may be about 50–100 meters for increased stealth features in low-speed stealth mode. Low depth in stealth mode is preferred because sound waves move to the ocean floor and reduce the radius of detection. Submarines use the same strategy in silent running mode. It is 1.6–2 meters in diameter, and 24 meters long. The warhead shown in the leaked figure is a cylinder 1.5 meters in diameter by 4 meters in length, giving a volume of 7 cubic meters. Comparing this to the volumes of other large thermonuclear bombs, the 1961 Soviet-era Tsar Bomba itself measured 8 meters long by 2.1 meters in diameter, indicates that the yield is at least several tens of megatons, generally consistent with early reports of 100 megatons. Some reports suggest the yield of the Poseidon's warhead is as low as 2 Mt. The National Interest compiled several unclassified defense sources from General Electric experts about the similar 601B project and they predicted low weight and the compact gas-cooled nuclear reactor in the drone. Russian submarine designers say that a low-power reactor is preferred for Poseidon because a smaller reactor is less noisy. The development includes also the use of stealth technology, to elude acoustic tracking devices.[25][30][38] Poseidon uses a silent running strategy like other submarines. Its main stealth feature is its very low speed before it reaches the target area. Its high-speed mode activates upon reaching a short finish range (2-3 kilometers) when the probability of detection of the drone is considerably higher. It could travel for weeks toward enemy port cities, reaching high-speed only in the final stage. Russian designers estimated the radius of detection of the drone will be about 2–3 km (1.2–1.9 mi) for 55 km/h (34 mph). A second important stealth feature of the drone is the special design of the pump-jet for clearance of the drone's acoustic signature to imitate the noise of civil ships. The Poseidon is a family of drones rather than a single type, with some Poseidon's designed only for destroying coastal cities and thus relying on "stealth" capabilities rather than on high speed, and other ones primarily designed to attack carrier battle groups, where the later ones may use the supercavitation, like the VA-111 Shkval torpedo, to be able to gain extremely high speed in attack mode (more than 200 km/h (120 mph)). However, supercavitation devices have not been observed on the available footage of Poseidon. Pentagon estimates the maximum speed of the Poseidon about 56 knots (104 km/h; 64 mph) without the supercavitation option. Vessels that are speculated to carry the Poseidon, the Project 09852 Oscar-class submarine Belgorod and the Project 09851 Khabarovsk submarines, are new boats deployed in 2012 and 2014, respectively. Oscar-class submarines could carry four Poseidon torpedoes at the same time for a total yield of up to 400 megatonnes. According to some reports, the Poseidon may also have a seabed or mobile site launch option. In the seabed option, known as Skif (Скиф), Poseidon can wait on the seafloor in a special container for as long as necessary. It is known that the Russian auxiliary vessel ZVEZDOCHKA 600 (Project 20180) with ice-breaking capability is being used for testing of the Poseidon drones, thus it's believed the ship can be also used as the platform for deploying and retrieving a seabed version of the drone. The seabed launch option was patented (RU 2135929 patent) by the Poseidon designer Alexander Shalnev."
dateOfIntroduction2013
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Russian Federation"
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checkedcountries
"Russian Federation"
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name"Unknown"
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images
"Poseidon_(A).png"
"Poseidon_Concept.jpeg"
"Poseidon_Prototype.jpg"
"Poseidon_Delivery_Sub.jpeg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"Poseidon; Status-6; Kanyon"
name"Type"
value"Unmanned Underwater Vehicle"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Rubin Design Bureau"
name"Total Built"
value"Not proliferated; 30-32 Poseidon UUVs are planned to be built"
name"Primary Function"
value"Second strike radioactive tsunami initiator and/or fleet destroyer"
name"Crew"
value"Unmanned"
name"Delivery Vehicles"
value"The B-90 Sarov and Zvezdochka 600 for R&D, and the Oscar-class submarines Project 09852, Belgorod, and the Project 09851, Khabarovsk. Each could carry four Poseidon UUVs for a total yield of 400 megatons"
name"Stealth Technology"
value"The development includes also use of stealth technology, to elude acoustic tracking devices. Poseidon uses a silent running strategy like other submarines. Its main stealth feature is its very low speed before it reaches the target area. Its high-speed mode activates upon reaching a short finish range (2–3 kilometers), when the probability of detection of the drone is considerably higher. It could travel for weeks toward enemy port cities, reaching high-speed only in the final stage. Russian designers estimated the radius of detection of the drone will be about 2–3 km (1.2–1.9 mi) for 55 km/h (34 mph). A second important stealth feature of the drone is the special design of the pump-jet for clearance of the drone's acoustic signature to imitate the noise of civil ships."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"24"
units"m"
name"Diameter"
value"1.6–2 m"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Type"
value"Low weight, compact, gas-cooled, low-power reactor"
name"Engine Power"
value"Nuclear"
name"Cruising Range"
value"10,000"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum"
value"100"
units"km/h"
name"Maximum Depth"
value"1,000"
units"m"
name"Note"
value"Typical depth of the drone may be about 50–100 meters for increased stealth features in low-speed stealth mode. Low depth in stealth mode is preferred because sound waves move to ocean floor and reduce radius of detection. Submarines use the same strategy in silent running mode."
name"Warhead"
sections
name"Warhead Charachteristics"
properties
name"Material"
value"Toxic Cobalt, containing Cobalt -60"
name"Shape"
value"Cylinder"
name"Diameter"
value"1.5"
units"m"
name"Length"
value"4"
units"m"
name"Volume"
value"7"
units"m3"
name"Blast Yield"
value"2–100 Mt"
name"Size of Radioactive Area"
value"1700×300 kilometers."
name"Protection"
properties
name"Low-speed Stealth Mode"
value"Yes"
name"Silent Running Strategy"
value"Yes"
name"Stealth Properties"
value"Yes"
type"WEG"
version1
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