WEG MediaWiki

QBZ-95 Chinese 5.8mm Assault Rifle

tiers
false
true
false
false
categories
"WEG"
"Infantry Weapons"
"Rifles"
"Assault Rifles"
"China, People's Republic of"
"PRO_Cambodia"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Laos (People's Democratic Republic)"
"PRO_Myanmar"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_Philippines"
"PRO_Rwanda"
"PRO_Sudan"
"Land"
"Tier2"
notes"The QBZ-95 ('Type 95 Automatic Rifle') is a bullpup-style assault rifle designed and manufactured by Norinco for the People's Liberation Army, the armed forces of the People's Republic of China, People's Armed Police (para-military police), and other Chinese law enforcement agencies. This weapon uses the 5.8×42mm DBP87, an intermediate cartridge of Chinese origin. The QBZ-95 consists of a system of firearms using a common design. This family includes a carbine variant, a standard rifle, and a light support weapon. The QBZ-95 was first observed outside China on 1 July 1997, when the United Kingdom transferred the sovereignty of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China. It is a modern weapon system in a bullpup configuration, where the weapon's action and magazine are located behind the grip and trigger assembly. The weapon was designed to replace the standard-issue Type 81 assault rifle. The QBZ-95 had replaced the Type 81 in frontline units by 2006 and is gradually replacing it in second-line units and the People's Armed Police. The rifle uses polymer materials in its construction, fires a 5.8×42mm small-caliber, high-velocity bullet (in a class with the NATO standard 5.56×45mm SS109 and the Russian 5.45×39mm), and employs a bullpup configuration similar to the British SA80, French FAMAS, Austrian Steyr AUG, South African Vektor CR-21, Israeli Tavor or the Singaporean SAR-21. Duo Yingxian mentioned that his staff was given 2 and a half years when he was recruited to serve as the project head to develop the QBZ-95 in 1992, alongside two years of field tests. An improved version called the QBZ-95-1 was first seen undergoing trials in early 2010. The first formal public display of the improved version was with the Hong Kong Garrison, the first unit to receive the original QBZ-95, in a military parade in July 2012. Some improvements were ergonomic, with the safety switch moved to above the pistol grip and the right-side ejection port moved forward with ejection of cartridges at an angle to allow left-handed firing. Unlike previous DBP87 and DBP85 5.8×42mm rounds, it fires better quality DBP10 ammunition with a non-corrosive primer, clean-burning propellant, and copper-coated steel casing with a copper-alloy-jacketed hardened steel-cored bullet. The QBZ-95-1 has a longer, heavier barrel and redesigned muzzle brake, a diamond-shaped cross-section on the handguard to disperse heat, a stronger buttstock, and a redesigned trigger guard. The carrying handle was lowered to better position optics on the quick-releasable modified dovetail rail, and a pair of short rails at the sight's base allows for tactical accessories to be mounted. Some Chinese special forces are seen equipped with customized QBZ-95-1 rifle variants. Though there have been hints of the 97 variants being involved in some foreign conflicts, little has been reported about its overall combat effectiveness. It has been at least shown in televised tests, however, that the weapon can continue to function after being immersed in water, as well as other harsh environmental conditions. What is also known is that the weapon operates using a short-stroke gas-operated rotating-bolt system, similar to most modern military rifles. The selector switch on the rifle has four settings. The selector settings are as follows: "0" for safe, "1" for "semi-automatic", "2" for fully automatic, and on selected models, "3" for three-round burst setting. The Chinese Army says it has tested its 5.8×42mm cartridge extensively against NATO's 5.56×45mm and its counterpart, the 5.45×39mm from Russia. The PLA claims their cartridge outperforms both with a flatter trajectory and higher retention of velocity and energy downrange. It also has a penetration superior to the 5.56×45mm NATO."
dateOfIntroduction1997
countryOfOrigin"China, People's Republic of"
proliferation"Cambodia, China, Laos (People's Democratic Republic), Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Sudan"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Cambodia"
"China"
"Laos (People's Democratic Republic)"
"Myanmar"
"Pakistan"
"Philippines"
"Rwanda"
"Sudan"
dis
name"Unknown"
string"00.00.000.000.000.000.000"
images
"QBZ-95China(B).png"
"QBZ-95China(A).jpg"
"QBZ-95_China_(CC).jpg"
sections
name"System"
sections
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length "
value"745"
units"mm"
name"Length, Barrel "
value"463"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"3.25"
units"kg"
properties
name"Alternative Designation "
value"QBZ-95"
name"Type"
value"Assault Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"5.8 mm"
name"Action"
value"Short-stroke piston, rotating bolt"
name"Fire Mode "
value"30 round detachable box magazine; 80 round detachable drum for LSW."
name"Range, Point Target"
value"400"
units"m"
name"Range, Area Target"
value"600-800 m area target"
name"Magazine(s) Available"
value"30 round detachable box magazine; 80 round detachable drum"
name"Ammunition"
sections
name"QBZ-95"
properties
name"Cartridge"
value"5.8×42mm DBP87"
name"Muzzle Velocity "
value"930"
units"m/s"
name"Range, Effective "
value"400 m"
name"QBB-95"
properties
name"Cartridge"
value"5.8x42mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"970"
units"m/s"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"650"
units"rpm"
name"Range, Effective"
value"400 m"
name"QBZ-95B:"
properties
name"Cartridge"
value"5.8x42mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"790"
units"m/s"
name"Range, Effective"
value"INA"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"800"
units"rpm"
properties
name"Note"
value"The design of the QBZ-95 is completely new with little resemblance to any of the previous Chinese designs. Thanks to the low recoil impulse of the small caliber ammunition and a recoil buffer system, the rifle is claimed to be more controllable in automatic fire. The aim was to develop an assault rifle based around the 5.8×42mm round, with specifications of being accurate and reliable."
name"Sights"
properties
name"Type"
value"Hooded post front sight and aperture rear sight, optional Y/MA 95-002 telescopic sigh"
name"Note"
value"Soldiers can mount optical sights for their rifles, due to a dovetail rail built into the carrying handle. The gun comes with YMA95 and YMA95-1 scopes."
variants
name"QBZ-95 (Rifle)"
notes"463mm barrel length."
name"QBZ-95B (Carbine)"
notes"300m point target, 500m area target 369mm barrel length Weight: 2.9kg"
name"QBB-95 LSW (Light Support Weapon)"
notes"600 m point target, 800 m area target 600mm barrel length Weight: 3.9kg"
name"QBZ-97 (5.56 mm Assault Rifle)"
notes"490mm barrel length."
name"QBZ-97A (5.56 mm Assault Rifle)"
notes"490mm barrel length."
name"QBZ-97B (5.56 mm Carbine)"
notes"300m point target, 500m area target."
name"QBB-97 LSW (5.56 mm Light Support Weapon)"
notes"600 m point target, 800 m area target."
name"QBZ-95-1 (Rifle)"
notes"INA"
name"QBZ-95B-1 (Carbine)"
notes"300m point target, 500m area target."
name"QBB-95-1 LSW (Light Support Weapon)"
notes"600m point target, 800m area target."
type"WEG"
version1
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