WEG MediaWiki

R440 Crotale French 4x4 Short-Range Air Defense Missile System

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Air Defense"
"Radar Guided Missile Systems"
"Short-Range Missile Systems (Less than 25 km)"
"France"
"PRO_Bahrain"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Finland"
"PRO_France"
"PRO_Greece"
"PRO_Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"PRO_Morocco"
"PRO_Oman"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_Saudi Arabia"
"PRO_South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_United Arab Emirates"
"Air"
"Tier4"
notes"The Crotale EDIR is an all-weather short-range anti-air missile, which can be used to intercept low-flight anti-ship missiles and aircraft. It has been developed by Thomson CSF Matra and exists in two versions, a mobile land-based version and a ship-launched one. Originally the Crotale R440 system was developed by Rockwell International and Thomson-Houston (and Mistral) in France for South Africa, where it was named Cactus. However, the achievements of the system impressed the French Armed Forces, who purchased the system both for the air force and for the navy. The firing system includes the main sensors of the ship, the firing system of the turret, and a central coordination system. The turret holds eight missiles ready for launch in watertight containers. The magazine behind the turret holds 18 missiles. The French army first utilized a 4x4 wheeled vehicle, armed with four launchers. In order to ensure higher mobility, it was decided to mount the system on the chassis of the French AMX-30 main battle tank. At the same time, the number of launchers were increased to six. In Finnish Army service, the Crotale NG system has been mounted on Sisu Pasi vehicles. Here the number of launchers is eight. The Crotale system has also been installed on various military ships. For instance the French Navy La Fayette class frigates have a Crotale 8-tubed launcher near the helicopter flight deck."
dateOfIntroduction1972
countryOfOrigin"France"
proliferation"Bahrain, Egypt, Finland, France, Greece, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Korea (Republic of Korea), United Arab Emirates"
selectedregions
Empty array
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Bahrain"
"Egypt"
"Finland"
"France"
"Greece"
"Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"Morocco"
"Oman"
"Pakistan"
"Saudi Arabia"
"South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"United Arab Emirates"
dis
name"CROTALE LAUNCH UNIT"
string"01.01.071.028.001.001.000"
images
"Cro_(C).jpg"
"Cro_(B).jpg"
"Cro_(A).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"R440 Crotale"
name"Type"
value"French Short-Range Air Defense Missile System"
name"Family"
value"Crotale"
name"Function"
value"The Crotale is a point defense system, designed to protect high value targets, such as airfields, military bases, ammunition depots, and so on. The original design aim of the Crotale was to engage supersonic low-flying aircraft."
name"Chassis"
value"Thomson-Hotchkiss P4R 4x4 armored chassis"
name"Crew"
value"3"
units"ea"
name"Displacement Time"
value"5"
units"minutes"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"5"
units"minutes"
name"Fire on the Move"
value"No, it takes 5 minutes to launch the missiles from travelling."
name"Note #1"
value"The Crotale is one of the most successful SAM design ever built. This air defense system still evolves and remains in production for more than 40 years. A wide range of its variants have been built. It is in service with 15 countries."
name"Note #2"
value"A typical battery of the Crotale consists of two or three TELAR vehicle and one vehicle with acquisition radar. TELARs and acquisition and coordination unit are connected with cables. These are supported by a host of maintenance and support vehicles. It takes 2 minutes to reload all four missiles."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"INA"
name"Width"
value"INA"
name"Height"
value"INA"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"INA"
name"Ground Pressure"
value"INA"
name"Note"
value"There is no available information on the dimensions of the Thomson-Hotchkiss P4R 4x4 armored chassis."
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"INA"
name"Engine Type"
value"Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"INA"
name"Cruising Range"
value"600"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"80"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"INA"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"Not Amphibious"
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Side Slope"
value"30"
units"%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"0.5"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"0.5"
units"m"
name"Fording Depth"
value"0.8"
units"m"
name"Note"
value"mobility of this vehicle is rather limited. It was developed as a point defense system, rather than operate alongside land force maneuver elements. It takes about 5 minutes to launch missiles from travelling. There is also a towed variant, that is less mobile."
name"Communications"
properties
name"Tactical Radio"
value"INA"
name"Missile System"
properties
name"Name"
value"VT-1"
name"TELAR"
value"Thomson-Hotchkiss P4R 4x4 armored chassis"
name"Length"
value"3"
units"m"
name"Diameter"
value"0.55"
units"m"
name"Engine"
value"solid-propellant fuel"
name"Missile Weight"
value"84.5"
units"kg"
name"Basic Load"
value"4"
units"ea"
name"Warhead Type"
value"HE-FRAG"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"15"
units"kg"
name"Max Elevation"
value"INA"
units"deg"
name"Min Elevation"
value"INA"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Range"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Left"
value"180"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Right"
value"180"
units"deg"
name"Maximum Range Of Fire"
value"up to 12 km"
name"Minimum Range of Fire"
value"500-700"
units"m"
name"Guidance System"
value"semi-active radar homing electro-optical sensors Infra-red search and track."
name"Maximum Altitude of Fire"
value"5.5"
units"km"
name"Detonation Mechansim"
value"infrared fuse, radio fuse"
name"Speed"
value"1,200"
units"m/s"
name"Hit Probability, 1 Missile"
value"80"
units"%"
name"Hit Probability, 2 Missile"
value"96"
units"%"
name"Additional Missiles"
value"VT-1 or the Mk3 Missiles can be fired from the R440 Crotale"
name"Fire Control"
sections
name"Fire Control System"
properties
name"Name"
value"Crotale Acquisition and Coordination Unit (ACU)"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Yes"
name"Direct Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Indirect Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Optical Aiming System"
value"Yes"
name"Radar"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Type"
value"Engagement Radar"
name"Frequency/Band"
value"INA"
name"Maximum Detection Range"
value"18.4"
units"km"
name"Maximum Tracking Range"
value"17"
units"km"
name"Number of Targets System can Detect"
value"30"
name"Number of Targets System can Track"
value"12"
name"Note"
value"This vehicle detects targets, tracks them, identifies targets, identifies weather it is friend or foe."
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"Armor of this vehicle provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters."
name"Turret Armor"
value"INA"
name"Applique Armor"
value"No"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No"
name"Active Protection System"
value"No"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"No"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"No"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"INA"
variants
name"R440 Crotale"
notes"The original Crotale SAM system, with both land and sea (Sea Crotale) systems. Over 330 systems and several thousand missiles were produced and exported to more than 15 countries."
name"HQ-7"
notes"China developed the HQ-7 system partly from reverse-engineering Crotale. An improved version, the HQ-7A/FM-90, is known to exist."
name"Shahab Thaqeb"
notes"In 2002 Iran revealed details concerning a domestically produced surface-to-air missile system, named Shahab Thaqeb. The system, mounted on a 4-wheel trailer, closely resemembled the Chinese HQ-7/FM-80/90 series which Iran had already received. It was unclear whether these systems were actually manufactured in Iran, or whether some portion of the assembly had been conducted domestically."
name"R460 SICA (Shahine)"
notes"Thomson-CSF (now Thales) developed a specific version of the Crotale known as "Shahine" for Saudi Arabia. The system became operational in 1980. The main visible differences are mainly the carrier (an AMX 30 armoured carrier instead of the non protected classic carrier), and that it carries a six missile firing unit (instead of four). The purpose of the changes was to allow the Shahine firing and acquisition units to follow and protect the armoured units of the Saudi Armed Forces on the battlefield. The Shahine units were among the first vehicles to liberate Kuwait City in February 1991 – a picture taken of the scene was widely publicised by Newsweek magazine."
name"Liberty Forward Area Air Defense System"
notes"Developed in conjunction with LTV for the US Army's Line of Sight-Forward Heavy competition, the Liberty air defense system consisted of either 6 R460 SICA or 6 VT-1 missiles mounted on an M1A1 Abrams chassis along with a pair of 25mm cannons"
name"Crotale NG (VT-1)"
notes"An updated version, New Generation. Finland was the first operator of the system. The cost of the system is roughly 8 million euros (excluding the vehicle). Greece is another user, and paid 1 Billion French Francs in 1998 for 11 systems: 9 for the Hellenic Air Force and 2 for the Hellenic Navy. In 2002 euros, that would have amounted up to 12 million euros per unit."
name"Crotale Mk.3 (system)"
notes"In January 2008, France test-fired the new Crotale Mk.3 system at the CELM missile launch test center in Biscarrosse. The Crotale Mk.3 system's VT1 missile successfully intercepted a Banshee target drone at 970 metre altitude and 8 km range in 11 seconds on 15 January 2008. Later, on 31 January 2008, the system successfully intercepted another target drone at a 500-metre altitude and 15 km range in 35 seconds."
type"WEG"
version1
Retrieved from "https://odin.tradoc.army.mil/mediawiki/index.php?title=R440_Crotale_French_4x4_Short-Range_Air_Defense_Missile_System&oldid=53565"