WEG MediaWiki

SA 316B Alouette III French Light Utility Helicopter

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Aircraft"
"Rotary Wing Aircraft"
"Light Helicopter"
"France"
"PRO_Argentina"
"PRO_Austria"
"PRO_Belgium"
"PRO_Burkina Faso"
"PRO_Cameroon"
"PRO_Chad"
"PRO_Congo"
"PRO_Ecuador"
"PRO_Equatorial Guinea"
"PRO_Ethiopia"
"PRO_France"
"PRO_French Guiana"
"PRO_Ghana"
"PRO_Greece"
"PRO_Guinea"
"PRO_Guinea-Bissau"
"PRO_India"
"PRO_Lebanon"
"PRO_Malaysia"
"PRO_Malta"
"PRO_Morocco"
"PRO_Myanmar"
"PRO_Namibia"
"PRO_Nepal"
"PRO_Netherlands"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_Portugal"
"PRO_Romania"
"PRO_Senegal"
"PRO_South Africa"
"PRO_South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Suriname"
"PRO_Switzerland"
"PRO_Tanzania"
"PRO_Togo"
"PRO_Tunisia"
"PRO_Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
"PRO_Zimbabwe"
"Air"
"Tier4"
notes"The Aérospatiale Alouette III (designations SA 316 and SA 319) is a single-engine, light utility helicopter developed by the French aircraft company Sud-Aviation. During its production life, it proved to be a relatively popular rotorcraft; including multiple licensed manufacturers, in excess of 2,000 units were constructed. The Alouette III was developed as an enlarged derivative of the earlier and highly successful Alouette II. Sharing many elements with its predecessor while offering an extra pair of seats and other refinements, it quickly became a commercial success amongst both civil and military customers. Further variants were also developed; amongst these was a high-altitude derivative, designated as the SA 315B Lama, which entered operational service in July 1971. The Alouette III was principally manufactured by Aérospatiale; the type was also built under license by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in India as the HAL Chetak, by Industria Aeronautică Română (IAR) in Romania as the IAR 316 and F+W Emmen in Switzerland. Similar to the Alouette II, in military service, it was used to perform missions such as aerial observation, photography, air-sea rescue, liaison, transport, and training; it could also be armed with anti-tank missiles, anti-shipping torpedoes, and a fixed cannon. In a civilian capacity, the Alouette III was commonly used for casualty evacuation (often fitted with a pair of external stretcher panniers), crop-spraying, personnel transportation, and carrying external loads. By the 2010s, many operators were in the process of drawing down their fleets and replacing them with more modern types; the French military intend to replace their Alouette IIIs with the newly developed Airbus Helicopters H160."
dateOfIntroduction1960
countryOfOrigin"France"
proliferation"Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Congo, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, France, French Guiana, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Lebanon, Malaysia, Malta, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, South Africa, South Korea (Republic of Korea), Suriname, Switzerland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Zimbabwe"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Argentina"
"Austria"
"Belgium"
"Burkina Faso"
"Cameroon"
"Chad"
"Congo"
"Ecuador"
"Equatorial Guinea"
"Ethiopia"
"France"
"French Guiana"
"Ghana"
"Greece"
"Guinea"
"Guinea-Bissau"
"India"
"Lebanon"
"Malaysia"
"Malta"
"Morocco"
"Myanmar"
"Namibia"
"Nepal"
"Netherlands"
"Pakistan"
"Portugal"
"Romania"
"Senegal"
"South Africa"
"South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"Suriname"
"Switzerland"
"Tanzania"
"Togo"
"Tunisia"
"Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
"Zimbabwe"
dis
name"SA316B ALOUETTE III"
string"01.02.071.021.003.001.000"
images
"SA_316_Alouette_III_(D).jpg"
"SA_316_Alouette_III_(C).jpg"
"SA_316_Alouette_III_(A).jpg"
"SA_316_Alouette_III_(B).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"SA 316 Alouette III"
name"Type"
value"Light Utility Helicopter"
name"Crew"
value"1 (pilot)"
name"Blades, Main Rotor"
value"3"
units"ea"
name"Blades, Tail Rotor"
value"3"
units"ea"
name"Number of Engines"
value"1"
units"ea"
name"Number of Hard Points"
value"INA"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"10.02 m"
name"Height"
value"3.09 m"
name"Rotor Diameter"
value"11.00 m"
name"Disc Area"
value"95.0 m sq"
name"Empty Weight"
value"1,122 kg"
name"Maximum Takeoff Weight"
value"2,200 kg"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"1 x Turbomeca Artouste IIIB"
name"Engine Type"
value"Turboshaft"
name"Engine Power"
value"870 shaft hp dereated to 570 shp"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"573 liters internal"
name"Maximum Speed"
value"210 km/h"
name"Cruising Speed"
value"185 km/h"
name"Ceiling, Hover IGE"
value"2,880 m"
name"Ceiling, Hover OGE"
value"1,520 m"
name"Maximum Range"
value"480 km"
name"Rate of Climb"
value"885 m/min"
name"Ceiling"
value"3,200 m"
name"Main Gun System"
properties
name"Note"
value"1 x 7.62-mm gun firing to the side; or 1 x 20-mm open turret gun mounting"
name"Missile Weapon Systems"
properties
name"Note"
value"4 x AS11 anti-tank missiles; or 2 x AS12 anti-ship missiles"
name"Rocket Weapon Systems"
properties
name"Note"
value"2 x 68-mm rocket pods"
name"Fire Control and Avionics"
properties
name"Fire Control Radar"
value"INA"
name"Navigation Radar"
value"INA"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Add on Armor"
value"INA"
name"Stealth Properties"
value"No"
name"Heat Signature Reduction"
value"No"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes"
name"EW Counter Measures/CCM"
value"INA"
name"Counter Measures (Chaff/Flares)"
value"INA"
variants
name"SA 316A"
notes"the first production version. Original designation SE 3160."
name"SA 316B"
notes"powered by a 425 kW (570 shp) Turboméca Artouste IIIB turboshaft engine, with strengthened main and tail rotor for greater performance. The SA 316B was built under license in India as the HAL Chetak, and again under licence in Romania as the IAR 316."
name"SA 319B"
notes"The SA 319B was a direct development of the SA 316B, it was powered with a 649 kW (870 shp) Turbomeca Astazou XIV turbo shaft engine, but it was derated to 447 kW (660 hp)."
name"SA 316C"
notes"The SA 316C was powered by a Turbomeca Artouste IIID turboshaft engine. The SA 316C was only built in small numbers."
name"G-Car and K-Car"
notes"Helicopter gunship versions for the Rhodesian Air Force. The G-Car was armed with two side-mounted Browning .303 or a single 7.62mm MAG machine guns. The K-Car was armed with a 20 mm MG 151 cannon, fitted inside the cabin, firing from the port side of the helicopter."
name"SA.3164 Alouette-Canon"
notes"Modified in 1964 as a gunship version armed with a 20mm gun in the nose and external hardpoints for missiles mounted on each side of the fuselage. Only one prototype was built"
name"IAR 317 Airfox"
notes"A Romanian helicopter gunship project based on the IAR 316. Only three prototypes were ever built."
name"Atlas XH-1 Alpha"
notes"South African two-seat attack helicopter project. It was used in the development of the Denel Rooivalk."
name"K-1 'Chetak', informally- 'Frenchman'"
notes"8 HAL Chetaks were bought by the Soviet Union for testing purposes at Kacha airfield, Sevastopol, in 1985, and later 2 of them were used by DOSAAF from Karagoz airfield["
type"WEG"
version1
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