WEG MediaWiki

Su-24 (Fencer) Russian Attack Aircraft

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Aircraft"
"Fixed Wing Aircraft"
"Attack Aircraft"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Azerbaijan"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"PRO_Libya"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Sudan"
"PRO_Syria"
"PRO_Uganda"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"Air"
"Tier4"
notes"The Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name: Fencer) is a supersonic, all-weather attack aircraft developed in the Soviet Union. The aircraft has a variable-sweep wing, twin-engines, and a side-by-side seating arrangement for its crew of two. It was the first of the former USSR's aircraft to carry an integrated digital navigation/attack system. It remains in service with the Russian Air Force, Syrian Air Force, Ukrainian Air Force, Azerbaijan Air Force, and various air forces to which it was exported. The Su-24 has a shoulder-mounted variable geometry wing outboard of a relatively small fixed-wing glove, swept at 69°. The wing has four sweep settings: 16° for take-off and landing, 35° and 45° for a cruise at different altitudes, and 69° for minimum aspect ratio and wing area in low-level dashes. The variable geometry wing provides excellent STOL performance, allowing a landing speed of 230 kilometers per hour (140 mph), even lower than the Sukhoi Su-17 despite substantially greater take-off weight. Its high wing loading provides a stable low-level ride and minimal gust response. The Su-24 has two Saturn/Lyulka AL-21F-3A after-burning turbojet engines with 109.8 kN (24,700 lbs) thrust each, fed with air from two rectangular side-mounted intakes with splitter plates/boundary-layer diverters. In early Su-24 ("Fencer A" according to NATO) aircraft these intakes had variable ramps, allowing a maximum speed of 2,320 kilometers per hour (1,440 mph), Mach 2.18, at altitude and a ceiling of 17,500 meters (57,400 ft). Because the Su-24 is used almost exclusively for low-level missions, the actuators for the variable intakes were deleted to reduce weight and maintenance. This has no effect on low-level performance, but absolute maximum speed and altitude are cut to Mach 1.35 and 11,000 meters (36,000 ft). The earliest Su-24 had a box-like rear fuselage, which was soon changed in production to a rear exhaust shroud more closely shaped around the engines in order to reduce drag. The revised aircraft also gained three side-by-side antenna fairings in the nose, a repositioned braking chute, and a new ram-air inlet at the base of the tail fin. The revised aircraft was dubbed "Fencer-B" by NATO but did not merit a new Soviet designation."
dateOfIntroduction1974
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Algeria, Azerbaijan, CFE Treaty, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Libya, Russian Federation, Sudan, Syria, Uganda, Ukraine"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Algeria"
"Azerbaijan"
"CFE Treaty"
"Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"Libya"
"Russian Federation"
"Sudan"
"Syria"
"Uganda"
"Ukraine"
dis
name"SU24 FENCER A"
string"01.02.222.002.007.000.000"
images
"SU24(A).jpg"
"SU24(B).jpg"
"SU24(C).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designations"
value"Su-24; NATO: Fencer"
name"Type"
value"All-weather attack aircraft/Interdictor"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Sukhoi"
name"Crew (pilot, weapons operator)"
value"2"
units"ea"
name"Hardpoints"
value"9 hardpoints with a capacity of up to 8,000 kg"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"22.53 m"
name"Wing Span (Swept)"
value"10.4 m"
name"Wing Span (Extended)"
value"17.6 m"
name"Height (Gear extended)"
value"6.2 m"
name"Weight (Maximum, take off)"
value"39,700 kg"
name"Weight (Normal, take off)"
value"35,910 kg"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"2 × Lyulka AL-21F-3A"
name"Engine Type"
value"Turbojet"
name"Engine Power"
value"75 kN (17,000 lbf) thrust each dry, 109.8 kN (24,700 lbf) with afterburner"
name"Fuel Capacity (Internal)"
value"11,760 liters"
name"Fuel Capacity (External)"
value"8,000 liters"
name"Speed (Max at altitude)"
value"2,320 km/h"
name"Speed (Max at sea level)"
value"1,530 km/h"
name"Speed (Max, attack)"
value"1,200 km/h"
name"Service Ceiling"
value"17,500 km"
name"Vertical Climb Rate"
value"150 m/s"
name"Combat Radius"
value"950 km"
name"Main Gun System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 × internal 23 mm Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-6-23M"
name"Type"
value"Rotary Cannon"
name"Caliber"
value"23 mm"
name"Length"
value"1.4 m"
name"Height"
value"18 cm"
name"Weight"
value"76 kg"
name"Barrels"
value"6"
units"ea"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"6,000–8,000 rpm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"715 m/s"
name"Feed System"
value"Belt or linkless feed system"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"23 mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"23×115mm AM-23"
name"Basic Load"
value"500 Rounds"
name"Missile Weapon System"
properties
name"Air-to-Air Missiles"
value"4 × R-60MK; 4 × R-73E"
name"Air-to-Surface Missiles"
value"4 × Kh-23M; 4 × Kh-25ML; Kh-59ME; Kh-29L/T/D"
name"Anti-Ship Missiles"
value"Kh-31A"
name"Anti-Radiation Missiles"
value"2 × Kh-28; 2 × Kh-58E; Kh-25MP; 2 × Kh-31P; 2 x Kh-27PS"
name"Rocket Weapon System"
properties
name"Rockets"
value"S-5; S-8; S-13; S-24B; S-25-OFM/LD"
name"Bombing System"
properties
name"Bombs"
value"KAB-500KR TV-guided bomb; KAB-500L laser-guided bomb; KAB-500OD guided bomb; KAB-500S-E satellite-guided bomb; KAB-1500KR TV-guided bomb; KAB-1500L laser-guided bomb; ODAB-500PM bomb; RBK-250 cluster bomb; RBK-500 cluster bomb; 2 × BETAB-500 bomb"
name"Avionics/Sensor/Optics"
properties
name"Integrated navigation and fire control radars"
value"Yes"
name"Pulse-doppler terrain following radar coupled to autopilot"
value"Yes"
name"Targeting System"
value"1 x SVP-24 targeting system"
name"Laser/TV targeting and weapon guidance"
value"Yes"
name"Night/Weather Capabilities"
value"Yes"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Stealth Properties"
value"No"
name"Heat Signature Reduction"
value"INA"
name"Add on Armor"
value"INA"
name"NBC Protection"
value"INA"
name"EW Counter Measures"
value"INA"
name"Chaffs/Flares"
value"Yes"
variants
name"S6"
notes"An early project in the gestation of the Su-24, like a meld of the Su-7 and Su-15."
name"T6-1"
notes"The initial prototype with cropped delta wings and 4 RD-36-35 lift engines in the fuselage"
name"T6-2I / T6-3I / T6-4I"
notes"Prototypes for the variable geometry Su-24 production aircraft."
name"Su-24 "Fencer-A""
notes"Limited production model tp support operational/field testing."
name"Su-24 "Fencer-B""
notes"Initial full-scale production variant for the former Soviet Union Air Force and limited export sales."
name"Su-24 "Fencer-C""
notes"Second full-scale production series that featured avionics and sensor imrpovements."
name"Su-24M "Fencer-D""
notes"This series featured the addition of inflight refueling and an expansion of attack capabilities with even more payload options. Su-24M has a 0.76 m (30 in) longer fuselage section forward of the cockpit, adding a retractable refueling probe, and a reshaped, shorter radome for the attack radar. It can be identified by the single nose probe in place of the three-part probe of earlier aircraft. A new PNS-24M inertial navigation system and digital computer were also added. A Kaira-24 laser designator/TV-optical quantum system (similar to the American Pave Tack) was fitted in a bulge in the port side of the lower fuselage, as well as Tekon track and search system (in pod), for compatibility with guided weapons, including 500 and 1,500kg laser-guided bombs and TV-guided bombs, and laser/TV-guided missiles Kh-25 and Kh-29L/T, anti-radar missiles Kh-58 and Kh-14 (AS-12 'Kegler') and Kh-59 (AS-13 'Kingbolt')/Kh-59M TV-target seeker guided missiles."
name"Su-24M2 'Fencer-D'"
notes"The next modernization of Su-24M introduced in 2000 with the "Sukhoi" program and in 1999 with the "Gefest" program. The modernized planes are equipped with new equipment and systems. As a result, they get new capabilities and improved combat efficiency, including a new navigation system (SVP-24), a new weapons control system, a new HUD (ILS-31, like in Su-27SM or KAI-24), and expanding list of usable munitions (Kh-31A/P, Kh-59MK, KAB-500S). The last batch of the Sukhoi was delivered to the Russian VVS in 2009. Modernization continues with the program "Gefest". All frontline bombers Su-24 in the Central Military District received new sighting and navigation systems SVP-24 in 2013."
name"Su-24MK 'Fencer-D'"
notes"The export version of the Su-24M with downgraded avionics and weapons capabilities. First flight 30 May 1987 as T-6MK, 17 May 1988 as Su-24MK. Manufactured 1988–1992, sold to Algeria, Iraq, Libya, and Syria. Many Iraqi examples were evacuated to Iran."
name"Su-24MR "Fencer-E""
notes"Tactical reconnaissance variant that retains much of the Su-24M's navigation suite, including the terrain-following radar, but deletes the Orion-A attack radar, the laser/TV system, and the cannon in favor of two panoramic camera installations, 'Aist-M' ('Stork') TV camera, RDS-BO 'Shtik' ('Bayonet') side-looking airborne radar (SLAR), and 'Zima' ('Winter') infrared reconnaissance system."
name"Su-24MP "Fencer-E""
notes"Electronic signals intelligence (ELINT) variant designed to replace the Yak-28PP 'Brewer-E'. The Su-24MP has additional antennas for intelligence-gathering sensors and radar jamming, omitting the laser/TV fairing, but retaining the cannon and provision for up to four R-60 (AA-8) missiles for self-defense. Reportedly, only 10 were built."
type"WEG"
version1
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