WEG MediaWiki

T-55 Russian Main Battle Tank (MBT)

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Tanks"
"Main Battle Tanks"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Afghanistan"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Angola"
"PRO_Armenia"
"PRO_Azerbaijan"
"PRO_Belarus"
"PRO_Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"PRO_Bulgaria"
"PRO_Cambodia"
"PRO_Central African Republic"
"PRO_Chad"
"PRO_Congo"
"PRO_Croatia"
"PRO_Cuba"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Eritrea"
"PRO_Ethiopia"
"PRO_Georgia"
"PRO_Guinea"
"PRO_India"
"PRO_Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"PRO_Iraq"
"PRO_Israel"
"PRO_Latvia"
"PRO_Lebanon"
"PRO_Libya"
"PRO_Mali"
"PRO_Mauritania"
"PRO_Mongolia"
"PRO_Mozambique"
"PRO_Myanmar"
"PRO_Namibia"
"PRO_Nicaragua"
"PRO_Nigeria"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_Peru"
"PRO_Romania"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Rwanda"
"PRO_Slovenia"
"PRO_Somalia"
"PRO_Sri Lanka"
"PRO_Sudan"
"PRO_Syria"
"PRO_Togo"
"PRO_Uganda"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"PRO_Yemen"
"PRO_Zambia"
"Land"
"Tier4"
notes"The all-improved T-55 was developed from 1955-58 onward at the Uralvagonzavod plant. It was basically the sum of upgrades performed on the former T-54s, but with full NBC protection called PAZ (Protivoatomnaya Zashchita), studied by the KB-60 design bureau in Kharkov."
dateOfIntroduction1959
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Croatia, Cuba, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guinea, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Pakistan, Peru, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Slovenia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Afghanistan"
"Algeria"
"Angola"
"Armenia"
"Azerbaijan"
"Belarus"
"Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"Bulgaria"
"Cambodia"
"Central African Republic"
"Chad"
"Congo"
"Croatia"
"Cuba"
"Egypt"
"Eritrea"
"Ethiopia"
"Georgia"
"Guinea"
"India"
"Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"Iraq"
"Israel"
"Latvia"
"Lebanon"
"Libya"
"Mali"
"Mauritania"
"Mongolia"
"Mozambique"
"Myanmar"
"Namibia"
"Nicaragua"
"Nigeria"
"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"Pakistan"
"Peru"
"Romania"
"Russian Federation"
"Rwanda"
"Slovenia"
"Somalia"
"Sri Lanka"
"Sudan"
"Syria"
"Togo"
"Uganda"
"Ukraine"
"Viet Nam"
"Yemen"
"Zambia"
dis
name"TANK T 55 CLASS"
string"01.01.222.001.006.000.000"
images
"T-55_Russiam_MBT_(B).jpg"
"T-55_Russian_MBT_(A).jpg"
"T-55_Russian_MBT_(C).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"T-55"
name"Type"
value"Main Battle Tank"
name"Manufacturer"
value"KhPZ, UVZ (Soviet Union) Bumar-Łabędy (Poland) ZTS Martin (Czechoslovakia)"
name"Crew"
value"4"
units"ea"
name"Modifications"
value"Modifications to the T-54/55 series over the years have changed almost every aspect of the vehicle. Initially, Soviet modifications included a better turret shape, improved NBC protection and an improved powerplant. Later, improved fire-control equipment and night-vision equipment was added. Foreign improvements, both in Warsaw Pact nations and elsewhere, have further improved protection, powerplant, and firepower. T-54/55s have been re-armed with improved tank guns, AA machine guns, advanced armour arrays, and technologies, such as laser range finders and computerized fire control systems, that did not exist when the tank was first being built in the early days of the Cold War."
name"Estimated Out of Service Date"
value"Phased out of service with Russia in the early 1990s. Likely to remain in service with current users until the capital can be raised to replace the vehicles according to defence priorities"
name"Total Built"
value"86,000–100,000+ est. The T-55 has been used worldwide by as many as 50 countries and quasi-armies. They have been subject to numerous improvements throughout their production history and afterwards and many are still in service today."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length, Gun Forward"
value"9.00 m (with gun forward)"
name"Length, Hull"
value"6.54 m"
name"Width"
value"3.37 m"
name"Height"
value"2.40 m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"41,000 kg"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"Model V-55"
name"Engine Type"
value"V-12 water-cooled diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"580 hp at 2,000 rpm"
name"Power-to-Weight Ratio"
value"14.6 hp (10.4 kW) / tonne"
name"Transmision"
value"Renk LSG 3000 fully automatic with 4 forward and 2 reverse gears"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"580 liters internal, 320 liters external (less on early T54), 400 l jettison able rear drums"
name"Range"
value"400 km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"48"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"25"
units"km/h"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"Not Amphibious"
name"Fording Depth"
value"1.4 m unprep; 5.5 m snorkel"
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Side Slope"
value"30"
units"%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"0.8"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"2.85"
units"m"
name"Main Gun"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"D-10 Tank Gun"
name"Type"
value"Anti-Tank Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"100"
units"mm"
name"Length"
value"5.608 m"
name"Barrel Length"
value"5.35 m"
name"Weight"
value"1,438 kg"
name"Loader Type"
value"Manual"
name"Fire on the Move"
value"Yes"
name"Traverse Range"
value"INA"
name"First Round Hit Probability"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Bore Activator"
value"Yes, New upgrade"
name"Maximum Elevation"
value"+18"
units"deg"
name"Minimum Elevation"
value"-3"
units"deg"
name"Breech"
value"Horizontal sliding wedge (semi-automatic)"
name"Recoil"
value"Hydraulic buffer and hydropneumatic recuperator"
name"Carriage"
value"Vehicle mount"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"4 rounds/min avg 5–6 rounds/min max."
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1,000"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"14,600 m (16,000 yds), or 16,000 m (17,500 yds)"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Name"
value"3UOF17"
name"Type"
value"HE fragmentation projectile"
name"Caliber"
value"100mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"355"
units"m/s"
name"Max Range"
value"7,000"
units"m"
name"Min Range"
value"INA"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes"
name"Weight, Complete Round"
value"22.9"
units"kg"
name"Weight, Missile"
value"19.4"
units"kg"
name"Basic Load"
value"45 total of any 100 mm Projectile Combination"
name"Anti-Tank Guided Missile"
properties
name"Type"
value"Laser beam-riding anti-tank missile."
name"Name"
value"9M117 Bastion"
name"Caliber"
value"100"
units"mm"
name"Entered Service"
value"1981"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"400-500"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"4,000"
units"m"
name"Rocket Burn"
value"6"
units"seconds"
name"Rocket Motor Ignites Time"
value"1.5"
units"seconds"
name"Guidance"
value"Beam-Riding Laser"
name"Prone to Radio or Optical Jamming"
value"No"
name"Missile Flight Time"
value"4,000"
units"m"
name"Self Destruct Time"
value"24-41"
units"seconds"
name"Basic Load"
value"8 x 9M117 Bastion ATGM Missiles"
name"Tank Commander's Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x QJZ-89 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Type"
value"Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7 mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"NORINCO"
name"Weight, Gun Only"
value"17.5"
units"kg"
name"Weight,Tripod"
value"8.5"
units"kg"
name"Length, Total"
value"2,119"
units"mm"
name"Length, Barrel"
value"1,003"
units"mm"
name"Barrels"
value"1"
units"ea"
name"Action"
value"Gas/Recoil"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"850 m/s"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"450-600"
units"rds/min"
name"Feed System"
value"Belt"
name"Sights"
value"Iron/Optical"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"12.7x108mm"
name"Max Range"
value"1,600"
units"m"
name"Min Range"
value"INA"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes"
name"Basic Load"
value"2,000 Rounds"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"INA"
name"Laser Rangefinder"
value"KTD-1 or KTD-2"
name"Night Sight"
value"TPN-1-22-11 night sight"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"120 mm hull front at 60° (100 mm after 1949); 79 mm hull upper sides; 20 mm hull lower sides; 60 mm at 0° hull rear; 20 mm hull bottom; 33-16 mm hull roof."
name"Turret Armor"
value"205 mm turret front: 130 mm turret sides; 60 mm turret rear; 30 mm turret roof."
name"Applique Armor"
value"Available"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"Available"
name"Active Protection System"
value"T-55 fitted with the ZET-1 vehicle protection system. It has net structure centred on vehicles main armament and flipper-type side plates."
name"Mine Clearing"
value"The KMT-5 mine clearing plow-roller set consists of two plows and two roller sections of three rollers each. This combination is attached to the front of a tank hull. Stretched between the roller sections is a "dogbone" assembly which consists of a light chain and small roller weights. Using a dragging motion, the "dogbone" covers the exposed area between tank tracks, thus exploding tilt-rod mines. The flexibility of the KMT-5 allows the use of plows or rollers depending on the terrain, type of soil and fuse types encountered. The KMT-5 can be used with the T-54/55, T-62, T-64, and T-72 tanks. The system can withstand approximately nine explosions that have a capacity of five to six kg. It is fitted with a quick-release disconnect unit to allow the tank driver to release the set rapidly. One other capability is that the KMT-5 may be used during night operation, using the luminous lane-marking device (PSK equipment) which marks the clear lane at night with a luminous substance."
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"T-54/T-55 fitted with BTU dozer blade for clearing soil, obstacles and snow in combat situations. It was used by the tank units requiring specialized engineer support. The dozer blade itself can mounted in 1 hour and 30 minutes and dismounted in 1 hour. In the west it is known as T-54/T-55 Dozer."
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes, PAZ (Protivoatomnaya Zashchita) NBC protection system"
name"Smoke Generator"
value"TDA exhaust smoke generator"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"2 × 4.76 mm Smoke Grenades"
name"Note"
value"The T-55 focuses most of its armour around the front 60 deg arc."
variants
name"T-55A"
notes"In 1961, development of improved NBC protection systems began. The goal was to protect the crew from fast neutrons; adequate protection against gamma radiation was provided by the thick armour and a PAZ basic NBC protection system."
name"T-54/T-55 upgrades"
notes"n its long service life, the T-55 has been upgraded many times. Early T-55s were fitted with a new TSh-2B-32P sight. In 1959, some tanks received mountings for the PT-55 mine clearing system or the BTU/BTU-55 plough. In 1967, the improved BM8 APDS round, which could penetrate 275 mm thick armor at a range of 2 km, was introduced. In 1970, new and old T-55 tanks had the loader's hatch modified to mount the 12.7 mm DShK machine gun, to deal with the threat of attack helicopters. Starting in 1974, T-55 tanks received the KTD-1 or KTD-2 laser rangefinder in an armored box over the mantlet of the main gun, as well as the R-123 or R-123M radio set. Simultaneously, efforts were made to modernize and increase the lifespan of the drive train."
name"T-55AM"
notes"upgraded version of the T-55A. It is fitted with add-on composite armor and rubber side skirts. The gun is fitted with a thermal sleeve. It entered service in 1983."
name"T-55AM-1"
notes"upgraded version of the T-55AM, powered by a V-46-5M diesel engine, developing 690 hp."
name"T-55AD"
notes"fitted with Drozd active protection system. It also has add-on armor. It entered service in 1983."
name"T-55AD-1"
notes"fitted wit a V-46-5M diesel engine, developing 690 hp."
name"T-55AMV"
notes"fitted with add-on explosive reactive armor and new fire control system. It is capable of launching anti-tank guided missiles in the same manner as ordinary projectiles. The missile has a range of 4 000 m at daytime and 1 200 m at night. It penetrates 550 mm of rolled homogenous armor. It entered service in 1985."
name"T-55M"
notes"Upgraded version fitted with add-on composite armor and rubber side skirts. The gun is fitted with a thermal sleeve. This tank entered service in 1983."
name"T-55M-1"
notes"it is a further upgrade of the T-55M, powered by a V-46-5M diesel engine, developing 690 hp. This tank is also fitted with ballistic computer."
name"T-55MV"
notes"it has improved protection and firepower. It is fitted with add-on explosive reactive armor and improved fire control system. It is capable of launching anti-tank guided missiles in the same manner as ordinary projectiles. The T-55MV entered service in 1985."
name"T-55MV-1"
notes"fitted with a V-46-5M diesel."
name"T-62A"
notes"an improved T-55 with a stretched chassis, new suspension, new turret. It was armed with a 100 mm gun with improved ballistics. First prototypes were built in 1958 and it was accepted to service in 1962. Only a small number of these tanks were built for experimental service. However it was a forerunner of the T-62 medium tank, that was produced in thousands."
name"TO-55"
notes"flamethrower tank. Coaxial machine gun has been replaced with a flame thrower."
name"BTS-2 and BTS-3"
notes"armored recovery vehicles."
name"MTU-20 and MTU-55"
notes"armored bridgelayers."
name"BTR-T"
notes"is a heavy armored personnel carrier. It was first publicly revealed in 1997. It was converted from obsolete T-55 medium tank. The turret has been removed in order to create a compartment for dismounts. A number of other modifications were made to the vehicle. This armored vehicle has a crew of 2 and accommodates 5 dismounts. The BTR-T received no production orders."
name"Ti-67"
notes"sraeli version, fitted with American M68 105 mm rifled gun. It is also fitted with Israeli fire control system, new engine and transmission and Blazer explosive reactive armor. About 200 T-54/55 tanks, that were captured from Egyptian and Syrian forces, were upgraded to this standard."
name"T-54E Ramzes II"
notes"a proposed upgrade of Egyptian T-54/55 tanks. It is fitted with American M68 105 mm rifled gun, Belgian fire control system, and American Continental AVDS-1790-5A engine."
name"T-55 Enigma"
notes"upgraded Iraqi version, fitted with composite add-on armor. Add-on armor weights a total of 4.6 t, so a counterweight was mounted at the turret rear. This tank also has improved night vision devices."
name"TR-580"
notes"a Romanian version of the T-55 with a longer hull. An extra road wheel on each side has been added. It is fitted with a different engine. This tank is fitted with metal side skirts."
name"T-55T"
notes"Modified VT-55A with push bar and splashboard across glacis plate in service with the NVA. A towing unit on the glacis plate with a mount that protrudes over front of vehicle. Front towing unit also has a flexible 'eye' permanently fitted. NATO code: T-55T."
type"WEG"
version1
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