WEG MediaWiki

T-80B Russian Main Battle Tank (MBT)

tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Tanks"
"Main Battle Tanks"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Armenia"
"PRO_Belarus"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Kazakhstan"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_Yemen"
"Land"
"Tier3"
notes"The T-80B is the primary production variant of the T-80 family. It is an MBT that features upgrades over the basic T-80. It is primarily designed to fight tanks, self-propelled artillery, and other armored vehicles. However, it is also intended to be used in the suppression and destruction of fire systems and live forces. The T-80B has a box-shaped hull with a steep glacis and a short steep belly plate forming an angular nose. There are three driver’s vision blocks in the middle of the glacis, and six unevenly spaced roadwheels per side with torsion bar suspension. The drive sprocket is to the rear and the idler to the front. The tracks are supported by five evenly spaced return rollers. The suspension and return rollers are covered by an optional rubber or armored skirt that covers the full length of the hull and reaches the top of the roadwheels. The engine is to the rear and center of the turret, and the rectangular exhaust grill is to the rear center of the vehicle with two rectangular air inlet valves on the top center of the hull behind the turret. The turret is round, and additional ERA can be added to improve protection to the front or sides. The main gun has a thermal sleeve with a central bore evacuator and a co-axial MG is installed to the right of the armament. The driver is to the front middle of the hull with a single-piece hatch, which opens up and swings to the right. The commander is seated on the right of the turret with the gunner to his left, two single-piece hatches that open to the front of the tank provide both with access."
dateOfIntroduction1978
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Armenia, Belarus, CFE Treaty, China, Egypt, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Russian Federation, South Korea (Republic of Korea), Ukraine, Yemen"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Armenia"
"Belarus"
"CFE Treaty"
"China"
"Egypt"
"Kazakhstan"
"Pakistan"
"Russian Federation"
"South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"Ukraine"
"Yemen"
dis
name"T 80B"
string"01.01.222.001.001.002.000"
images
"T-80BMBT(D).jpg"
"T-80BMBT(C).jpg"
"T-80B.jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"T-80B"
name"Type"
value"Main Battle Tank"
name"Manufacturer"
value"LKZ and Omsk Transmash, Russia"
name"Family"
value"T-80 Series"
name"Crew"
value"3"
units"ea"
name"Total Built"
value"The T-80B is the first variant produced in quantity. Russia: 5,391"
name"Maximum Effective Range (Road)"
value"335"
units"km"
name"Driver's Vision Blocks"
value"3"
units"ea"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length (Gun Forward)"
value"9.65"
units"m"
name"length (Hull)"
value"6.98"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"3.58"
units"m"
name"Height"
value"2.22"
units"m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"43.7"
units"tons"
name"Ground Pressure"
value"INA"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"GTD-1000T"
name"Engine Type"
value"Gas turbine engine"
name"Engine Power"
value"1,100"
units"hp"
name"Power to Weight Ratio"
value"25.8"
units"hp/ton"
name"Cruising Range"
value"335"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"70"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"55"
units"km/h"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"Not Amphibious"
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Side Slope"
value"40"
units"%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"1.0"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"2.85"
units"m"
name"Fording Depth (No Preparation)"
value"1.8"
units"m"
name"Fording Depth (With Preparation)"
value"5.0"
units"m"
name"Cold Start Ability"
value"Yes"
name"Deep Water Snorkel"
value"Available"
name"Communications"
sections
name"R-173"
properties
name"Frequency Range"
value"30.00 - 75.99"
units"MHz"
name"HF Output"
value"30"
units"W"
name"Modulation"
value"FM"
name"Display"
value"Digitial"
name"Entry of Frequency"
value"Keypad"
name"Present Channels"
value"10"
name"Digital Transmition"
value"INA"
name"Sensitivity"
value"1.5"
units"uV"
name"Range"
value"50"
units"km"
name"Operational Voltage"
value"27+-2"
units"V"
name"Weight"
value"43"
units"kg"
name"Size"
value"428 × 222 × 238"
units"mm"
name"Receiver R-174/GRR-5"
properties
name"Main Principle"
value"Superhet with RF-stage; ZF/IF 455 kHz; 2 AF stage(s)"
name"Wave Bands"
value"Wave Bands given in the notes."
name"Loudspeaker"
value"Permanent Magnet Dynamic (PDyn) Loudspeaker (moving coil)"
name"Dimensions (W.H.D)"
value"307mm x 335mm x 206mm"
name"Net Weight"
value"27.7"
units"kg"
name"Note"
value"Receiver for mobile purposes, 1.5 - 18 MHz in four ranges, AM/CW (BFO), 200 kHz xtal calibrator. Set compartment (CY-615/URR) consists of two chassis: model R-174/GRR-5 receiver and model PP-308/URR power supply plus speaker unit. Tubes only one times listed."
name"Main Gun"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x L48 2A46M-1 Smoothbore Cannon"
name"Type"
value"125 mm smoothbore Gun"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Spetstekhnika Design Bureau"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"6-8"
units"rds/min"
name"Maximum Range"
value"4,000"
units"m"
name"Manually Load Time"
value"1-2"
units"rds/min"
name"Maximum Elevation"
value"+14"
units"deg"
name"Minimum Elevation"
value"-5"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Range"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Autoloader"
value"Yes, Carousel-Type Autoloader"
name"Fire on the Move"
value"Yes, Main Gun"
name"Evacuator Type"
value"Central Bore"
name"Thermal Sleeve"
value"Yes"
name"Barrel effective Full Life Charge"
value"800"
units"rds"
name"Breech Mechanism"
value"Semi-automatic horizontal sliding breech block"
name"Mazimum Pressure"
value"5,100"
units"bar"
name"Loading System"
value"Korzina electric and hydraulic automatic loading system"
name"Carousel Reloading Time"
value"13-15"
units"minutes"
name"Note"
value"The L48 2A46M-1 It has been extensively developed into 10 different variations and remains the primary armament of Russian frontline tanks."
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Type"
value"High Explosives (HE)"
name"Caliber"
value"125"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"850"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"5,000"
units"m"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"INA"
name"Max Dispersion"
value"0.23"
units"mrad"
name"Tungsten Rods"
value"450"
units"ea"
name"Charge"
value"A-IX-2 (73% RDX, 23% aluminium powder, phlegmatized with 4% wax) 3.0 kg"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"23"
units"kg"
name"Round Weight"
value"33"
units"kg"
name"Basic Load"
value"36 total rounds of any 125mm Russian Projectiles"
name"Variants"
value"3VOF22/3OF19, 3VOF36/3OF26, 3VOF128/3OF82"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Type"
value"Armour-Piercing Fin-Stabilized Discarding Sabot (APFSDS)"
name"Caliber"
value"125"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"2,050"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Range"
value"2,000-3,000"
units"m"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"1,000"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Energy"
value"15-24"
units"MJ"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"11"
units"kg"
name"Projectile Dimesnion"
value"900"
units"mm"
name"Basic Load"
value"36 total rounds of any 125mm Russian Projectiles"
name"Variants"
value"1.1 3VBM3/3BM9/10 1.2 3VBM6/3BM12/13 1.3 3VBM7/3BM15/16 1.4 3VBM8/3BM17/18 1.5 3VBM9/3BM22/23 1.6 3VBM10/3BM29/30 1.7 3VBM11/3BM26/27 1.8 3VBM13/3BM32/33 1.9 3VBM17/3BM42 (3BM44 "Mango") 1.10 3VBM19/3BM42M (3BM44M "Lekalo") 1.11 3VBM20/3BM46 (3BM48 "Svinets") 1.12 3VBM22/3BM59 (3BM59 "Svinets-1") 1.13 3VBM23/3BM60 (3BM60 "Svinets-2") 1.14 3VBM?/3BM69 "Vacuum-1" 1.15 3VBM?/3BM70 "Vacuum-2""
name"Ammunition (Option 3)"
properties
name"Name"
value"3VBK27/3BK31 "Start""
name"Type"
value"High-Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT)"
name"Caliber"
value"125"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"915"
units"m/s"
name"Max Dispersion"
value"INA"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"3,000"
units"m"
name"Charge"
value"INA"
name"Charge Weight"
value"1.62"
units"kg"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"18.4"
units"kg"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Estimated at 800 mm triple charge HEAT"
name"Basic Load"
value"36 total rounds of any 125mm Russian Projectiles"
name"Variants"
value"3VBK7/3BK12, 3VBK10/3BK14, 3BK12M, 3BK14M, 3VBK16/3BK18, 3BK18M, 3VBK17/3BK21, 3BK21B, 3VBK21/3BK25, 3VBK25/3BK29 "Breyk", 3VBK25M/3BK29M"
name"Tank Commander’s Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x NSV (Russian НСВ Никитина-Соколова-Волкова) 12.7mm Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Type"
value"Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7 mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value""Metallist", Uralsk, Kazakh SSR, Crvena ZastavaSerbia"
name"Length (Total)"
value"1,560"
units"mm"
name"Weight (Gun Only)"
value"25"
units"kg"
name"Weight (On Tripod)"
value"41"
units"kg"
name"Weight (50-Round Belt)"
value"11"
units"kg"
name"Action"
value"Gas Operated"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"845"
units"m/s"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"700-800"
units"rds/min"
name"Feed System"
value"50-Round Belt"
name"Sights"
value"Iron Sights"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"12.7×108mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"845"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Firing Range (vs. Air Targets)"
value"1,500"
units"m"
name"Effective Firing Range (vs. Ground Targets)"
value"2,000"
units"m"
name"Basic Load"
value"500"
units"ea"
name"Coaxial Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x 7.62mm PK (Kalashnikov's Machine Gun)"
name"Type"
value"General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62 mm"
name"Function"
value"in use as a front-line infantry and vehicle-mounted weapon with Russia's armed forces."
name"Manufacturer"
value"Degtyaryov plant"
name"In Service"
value"1961-present"
name"Proliferation"
value"1 Million +"
name"Length (Total)"
value"1,203"
units"mm"
name"Length (Barrel)"
value"605"
units"mm"
name"Weight (Gun Only)"
value"9"
units"kg"
name"Weight (Tripod Only)"
value"7.7"
units"kg"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated, open bolt"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"650"
units"rds/min"
name"Feed System"
value"Non-disintegrating metal 50 round belts in 100 and 200/250 round ammunition boxes"
name"Sights"
value"Tangent iron sights (default); Optical, Night-vision, Thermal and Radar sights"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"7.62×54mmR"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"825"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Range (Iron Sights)"
value"1,000"
units"m"
name"Effective Range (With Sight Adjustments)"
value"100-1,500"
units"m"
name"Basic Load"
value"1,250"
units"ea"
name"Anti-Tank Guided Missile"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"Kobra (AT-8 Songster)"
name"Type"
value"SACLOS Anti-Tank Missile System"
name"Caliber"
value"125"
units"mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"KB Tochmash"
name"In Service"
value"1976-present"
name"Proliferation"
value"Widely Proliferated throughout Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, India Iran, Russia, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan"
name"Variants"
value"9M112M, 9M112M2, 9M124"
name"Weight"
value"23.2"
units"kg"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"100-4,000"
units"m"
name"Guidance System"
value"SACLOS Radio"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"4.5"
units"kg"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"125, which increases to 800m/s at its peak"
units"m/s"
name"Flight Time to a 4,000 Meter Targetsec"
value"9-10 seconds"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"600mm of RHA"
name"Hit Probability"
value"80"
units"%"
name"Basic Load"
value"INA"
name"Note"
value"Fired from the T-64 and T-80 Family of Russian Tanks"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"1A33 FCS"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Yes"
name"Thermal Sight Tank Commander"
value"Yes, the T01-KOIR"
name"Commander Day Mode Sight"
value"10⁰ FOV and ×5 magnification"
name"Thermal Sight Gunner"
value"Yes"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"Yes, 2E26M electro-hydraulic dual plane stabilisation system"
name"Main Gun Stabilization Deployment Time"
value"2"
units"minutes"
name"Range, Day Sight"
value"1,000"
units"m"
name"Range, Thermal Sight"
value"2,600"
units"m"
name"IR Searchlight"
value"Yes, L-4A "Luna" IR Searchlight"
name"TNPO-160 Periscopes"
value"2"
units"ea"
name"TNPA-65 Periscopes"
value"2"
units"ea"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"440–450"
units"mm"
name"Armor Type"
value"The T-80B is protected by a third iteration Soviet laminate armour that is known as Combination K"
name"Turret Armor"
value"Protection equivalent to 550mm"
name"Applique Armor"
value"Yes, Hull side; track skirts"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"Yes, Kontakt-1 System"
name"Active Protection System"
value"Arena Available"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"The KMT-5 mineclearing plow-roller set consists of two plows and two roller sections of three rollers each. This combination is attached to the front of a tank hull. Stretched between the roller sections is a "dogbone" assembly which consists of a light chain and small roller weights. Using a dragging motion, the "dogbone" covers the exposed area between tank tracks, thus exploding tilt-rod mines. The flexibility of the KMT-5 allows the use of plows or rollers depending on the terrain, type of soil and fuse types encountered."
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"Yes, The system can withstand approximately nine explosions that have a capacity of five to six kg. It is fitted with a quick-release disconnect unit to allow the tank driver to release the set rapidly. One other capability is that the KMT-5 may be used during night operation, using the luminous lane-marking device (PSK equipment) which marks the clear lane at night with a luminous substance."
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes, ZETS-11-2 detection system collective overpressure system"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"Yes, two banks of four 81 mm Toucha 902B grenade launchers that fire the ZD-6 smoke grenade"
name"Smoke Grenade Range"
value"250-300"
units"m"
name"Smoke Screen"
value"30 m wide and 10 m high for 60 seconds per grenade."
name"IR Signature"
value"The exhaust is box-shaped and designed to direct heat away from the tank"
name"Anti-Radiation Material"
value"Installed as a inside protective layer"
name"Personal Breathing Apparatus"
value"Equipment"
name"Automatic Fire Extinguisher System"
value"Yes"
variants
name"T-80 (1976)"
notes"Initial model, with a 1,000-hp gas turbine engine, coincidence rangefinder, and no missile capability. This model does not have fittings for explosive reactive armor. The turret is from the T-64A, and thus retains the use of the old coincidence rangefinder. Characteristics of this type are the V-shaped water deflector on the front glacis, coincidence rangefinder in front of the commander's cupola, and Luna searchlight mounted in the same position as a T-64. Around 250 were produced, as the tank's armor was essentially obsolete when introduced. Turret vs APFSDS – 380 mm, hull vs APFSDS – 500 mm (without reactive armor). This was, in effect, a pre-production model. It reportedly was fitted with an early version of the Shtora APS."
name"T-80BV (1985)"
notes"T-80B with explosive reactive armor Kontakt-1."
name"T-80UM:"
notes"Russian version, with new Buran thermal imaging sight in place of the Luna IR."
name"Object 219A: Early T-80U (Object 219AS) variant"
notes"It has the T-80U's turret, but not the Kontakt-5 ERA. Instead, it uses the old Kontakt-1/3 system; some 219As did not have ERA at all. Often misnamed T-80A. T-80U (1985): Further development with a better turret, Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor, improved gunsight, and 9M119 Svir missile system. In 1990 a new, 1,250-hp, engine was installed. Overall protection with Kontakt-5 against APFSDS/HEAT is 780/1,320 mm RHAe.9K119M with antitank guided missile 9M119M installed since 1990. Some of the tanks in the commander version (T-80UK) are equipped with Shtora-1 APS, and thermal imaging night sight TO1-PO2T (detection range/target classification range = 6,400/4,600 meters at night). The basic thermal night sight of the T-80U is within the limits of 1,750/1,500 meters."
name"T-80UD Bereza (1987)"
notes"Ukrainian diesel version with 1,000-hp 6TD engine and remote-controlled antiaircraft machine gun."
name"T-84 (1999)"
notes"Further Ukrainian development of T-80UD with 1,200-hp diesel and new welded turret."
name"T-80BVD (2002):"
notes"KMDB's upgrade standard for Ukrainian T-80BVs. Changes include the 6TD diesel engine, remote-controlled commander's machine gun, and better optics. None were produced."
name"T-80UM2/Black Eagle (prototype: cancelled):"
notes"Several Russian prototypes were shown at trade shows, with a longer chassis and extra pair of road wheels, and very a large turret with a separate ammunition compartment."
name"T-80BVM (2017)"
notes"Up to 3,000 units, installed "Relikt" ERA, PNM Sosna-U gunner sight (as in the T-90, T-72B3), the improved 125mm gun 2A46M-4, the upgraded gas turbine engine, and the upgrades of various other systems. More than 120 are already in the service."
type"WEG"
version1
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