WEG MediaWiki

T-90 Russian Main Battle Tank (MBT)

tiers
false
true
false
false
categories
"WEG"
"Tanks"
"Main Battle Tanks"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Azerbaijan"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_India"
"PRO_Iraq"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Syria"
"PRO_Turkmenistan"
"PRO_Uganda"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"Land"
"Tier2"
notes"The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993. The tank is a modern variation of the T-72B and incorporates many features found on the T-80U. Originally called the T-72BU, but later renamed to T-90, it is an advanced tank in service with Russian Ground Forces. Some weapons experts assess the T-90 as a highly capable MBT that is competitive with any major world power MBT. T-90 development continues as new subsystems become available."
dateOfIntroduction1993
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Algeria, Azerbaijan, CFE Treaty, India, Iraq, Russian Federation, Syria, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Viet Nam"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"Algeria"
"Azerbaijan"
"CFE Treaty"
"India"
"Iraq"
"Russian Federation"
"Syria"
"Turkmenistan"
"Uganda"
"Ukraine"
"Viet Nam"
dis
name"TANK T 90 CLASS"
string"01.01.222.001.009.000.000"
images
"T-90MBT(D).jpg"
"T-90MBT(C).jpg"
"T-90MBT(B).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"T-90"
name"Type"
value"Main Battle Tank"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Uralvagonzavod"
name"Family"
value"T-90 Family of Main Battle Tanks"
name"Generation"
value"3+"
name"Status"
value"In service"
name"Crew"
value"3 (commander, gunner and driver)"
name"Maximum Effective Range (Land)"
value"500"
units"km"
name"Maximum Effective Range (ATGM)"
value"5,000"
units"m"
name"Estimated Service Life"
value"25-30 years"
name"Estimated out of Service Date"
value"2030-2040"
name"Note"
value"The T-90 is the most modern tank currently in service with the Russian Army, which has a requirement for around 1500 of these tanks. Also currently it is the only mass-produced MBT in Russia."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"9.63"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"3.78"
units"m"
name"Height"
value"2.2"
units"m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"46"
units"tons"
name"Ground Pressure"
value"INA"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"V-92S2"
name"Engine Type"
value"V-12 Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"1,000"
units"hp"
name"Auxiliary Power Unit"
value"Yes"
name"Gas Turbocharger"
value"Yes"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"1,200"
units"liters"
name"Fuel Type"
value"Gasoline or Kerosene"
name"Suspension"
value"Torsion bar"
name"Transmission"
value"Mechanical"
name"Range"
value"550"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"60"
units"km/h"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"Not Amphibious"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"50"
units"km/h"
name"Power to Weight Ratio"
value"18.2"
units"hp/tons"
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Side Slope"
value"40"
units"%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"0.8"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"2.85"
units"m"
name"Fording Depth (No Preparation)"
value"1.2"
units"m"
name"Fording Depth (With Preparation)"
value"5.0"
units"m"
name"Communications"
sections
name"R-168-100U"
properties
name"Name"
value"R-168-100U"
name"Family"
value"AKVEDUK R-168 Series"
name"Type"
value"VHF"
name"Frequency"
value"30-108"
units"MHz"
name"Capabilities"
value"FH, Voice, Data"
name"Range"
value"30-60"
units"km"
name"Mount"
value"Vehicle"
name"Status"
value"In Service"
name"Echelon"
value"DIV, BDE, BN"
name"Automated Control Communication"
value"Yes"
name"Main Gun"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x 2A46M Smoothbore Gun"
name"Type"
value"Smoothbore Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"125 mm"
name"In Service"
value"1970 to present"
name"Weight (2A46 125mm Gun)"
value"2,675"
units"kg"
name"Length (2A46 125mm Gun)"
value"6,350"
units"mm"
name"Max Rate of Fire (Autoloader)"
value"7"
units"rds/min"
name"Max Rate of Fire (Manaul)"
value"2-3"
units"rds/min"
name"Sustain Rate of Fire"
value"5-7"
units"rds/min"
name"Range Finder Type"
value"INA"
name"Maximum Elevation"
value"+14"
units"deg"
name"Minimum Elevation"
value"-6"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Range"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Loader Type"
value"Carousel-type autoloader"
name"Minimum Cycle time for the Autoloader"
value"6.5"
units"seconds"
name"Thermal Sleeve"
value"Light Allow"
name"Bore Evacuator"
value"Yes"
name"Breech Type"
value"semi-automatic horizontal sliding breech block via an interrupted screw thread"
name"Breech Maximum Chamber Pressure"
value"6,500 bar over the 5,100 bar"
name"Max Cycle time for a Round 180deg from the Start Position"
value"15"
units"seconds"
name"Carousel Reloading Time"
value"15"
units"min"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Type"
value"3BM42M/3BM44M, 125mm Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS)"
name"Caliber"
value"125"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"125"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Range (Day)"
value"2,000-3,000"
units"m"
name"Effective Range (Night)"
value"2,000-2,600"
units"m"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes, 590-630mm at a range of 2000m"
name"Shell Weight"
value"20.4"
units"kg"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"7.5"
units"kg"
name"Charge Weight"
value"5.3"
units"kg"
name"Penetration"
value"270/60"
units"mm/deg"
name"Basic Load"
value"44 Total rounds of any combination of 125mm Projectiles"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Type"
value"3BM9/3BM10, 125mm Armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS)"
name"Caliber"
value"125"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1,715-1,800"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"3,000"
units"m"
name"Shell Weight"
value"19.6"
units"kg"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"5.67"
units"kg"
name"Charge Weight"
value"5"
units"kg"
name"Penetration"
value"140/60"
units"mm/deg"
name"Basic Load"
value"44 Total rounds of any combination of 125mm Projectiles"
name"Ammunition (Option 3)"
properties
name"Type"
value"3BK12M, 125mm (HEAT)"
name"Caliber"
value"125"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"905-950"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"4,000"
units"m"
name"Shell Weight"
value"29"
units"kg"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"19"
units"kg"
name"Charge Weight"
value"5"
units"kg"
name"Penetration"
value"220/60"
units"mm/deg"
name"Basic Load"
value"44 Total rounds of any combination of 125mm Projectiles"
name"Ammunition (Option 4)"
properties
name"Type"
value"3OF19, 125mm (HE)"
name"Caliber"
value"125"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"760"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"4,000"
units"m"
name"Shell Weight"
value"33"
units"kg"
name"Projectile Weight"
value"23"
units"kg"
name"Charge Weight"
value"5.0"
units"kg"
name"Penetration"
value"INA"
name"Basic Load"
value"44 Total rounds of any combination of 125mm Projectiles"
name"Anti-Tank Guided Missile"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"9M119 Svir, 9M119M Refleks(NATO designation AT-11 Sniper-B)"
name"Type"
value"Laser Beam Anti-Tank Guided Missiles"
name"In Service"
value"1980's to present"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Degtyarev plant"
name"Cost"
value"$37,500"
name"Variants"
value"9M119M"
name"Diameter"
value"125"
units"mm"
name"Mass"
value"17.2"
units"kg"
name"Warhead Type"
value"Tandem hollow-charge"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"4.5"
units"kg"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"INA"
name"Operational Range"
value"4,000-5,000"
units"m"
name"Speed"
value"Subsonic"
name"Guidance System"
value"Laser Beam Riding"
name"Basic Load"
value"6"
units"ea"
name"Tank Commander's Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x 12.7mm Kord Heavy Machine Gun,"
name"Type"
value"Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"V.A. Degtyarev Plant"
name"Variants"
value"6P50-1, 6P50-2, 6P50-3, 6P49"
name"Cartridge"
value"12.7×108mm"
name"In Service"
value"1998-Present"
name"Weight"
value"25.5"
units"kg"
name"Length"
value"1,980"
units"mm"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"650-750"
units"rds/min"
name"Sustain Rate of Fire"
value"550-600"
units"rds/min"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated, rotating bolt"
name"Feed System"
value"50-round linked belt"
name"Sights"
value"Iron Sights"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7mm"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"12.7×108mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"860"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Range"
value"2,000"
units"m"
name"Basic Load"
value"300"
units"ea"
name"Coaxial Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x PK (Kalashnikov's Machine Gun) 7.62mm General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Type"
value"General-Purpose Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62 mm"
name"Function"
value"In use as a front-line infantry and vehicle-mounted weapon with Russia's armed forces."
name"In Service"
value"1961-present"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Degtyaryov plant"
name"Proliferation"
value"1 Million +"
name"Length (Total)"
value"1,203"
units"mm"
name"Length (Barrel)"
value"605"
units"mm"
name"Weight (Gun Only)"
value"9"
units"kg"
name"Weight (Tripod Only)"
value"7.7"
units"kg"
name"Action"
value"Gas-operated, open bolt"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"650"
units"rds/min"
name"Sustain Rate of Fire"
value"500"
units"rds/min"
name"Range Finder Type"
value"INA"
name"Feed System"
value"Non-disintegrating metal 50 round belts in 100 and 200/250 round ammunition boxes"
name"Sights"
value"Tangent iron sights (default); Optical, Night-vision, Thermal and Radar sights"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"7.62×54mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"825"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Range (Iron Sights)"
value"1,000"
units"m"
name"Effective Range (With Sight Adjustments)"
value"100-1,500"
units"m"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"3,800"
units"m"
name"Basic Load"
value"1,500"
units"ea"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"1A45T (an upgraded version of the 1A45 fitted to the T-80U)"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Yes"
name"Thermal Sight Tank Commander"
value"No"
name"Thermal Sight Gunner"
value"Yes"
name"Panoramic Commander's Sight"
value"No"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"Yes, 2E42-4 Zhasmin System"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"Steel-composite-reactive blend APFSDS: 550 mm + 250–280 mm with Kontakt-5 = 800–830 mm HEAT: 650–850 mm + 500–700 mm with Kontakt-5 = 1,150–1,550 mm"
name"Turret Armor"
value"Steel-composite-reactive blend APFSDS: 550 mm + 250–280 mm with Kontakt-5 = 800–830 mm HEAT: 650–850 mm + 500–700 mm with Kontakt-5 = 1,150–1,550 mm"
name"Applique Armor"
value"Available"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"Yes, Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor blocks, equivalent to up to 500mm of steel armor"
name"Active Protection System"
value"Yes, the Shtora-1 countermeasures system"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"INA"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"Yes"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes, GO-27 PRKhR radiation and chemical agent detection system."
name"Deep Wading Kit"
value"Available"
name"Jammer"
value"Yes, TShU1-7 IR jammers located either side of the main gun"
name"Laser Radiation Sensors"
value"Yes"
name"IR dazzlers"
value"Yes"
name"Nakidka Signal Reduction Kit"
value"Available"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"Yes, banks of 81 mm Toucha 902B grenade launchers that fire the ZD-6 smoke grenade."
name"Grenade Maximum Range"
value"250-300"
units"m"
name"Smoke Screen"
value"30 m wide and 10 m high for 60 seconds per grenade."
name"Fire Suppression System"
value"Yes, the Raduga-2 fire-suppression system"
name"CVI: HATS"
properties
name"Hull"
value"V-shape cut add on armor around driver periscope. Bulldozer blade. 3 segmented add-on armor plates on front skirts. Engine exhaust on the L/S. KONTAKT 5 ERA on front turret shape of a wedge."
name"Armament"
value"Vehicle commander on R/S w/ 12.7mm MG. Laser warning receivers. Gunner’s day/night optics. SHTORA optical jammer counter-measure vs. ATGMs. 7.62mm Coax. 125mm MER: 3000m AT-11b Sniper MER: 5000m."
name"Turret"
value"22-round carousel auto-loader underneath crew compartment of turret. Meteorological data collector"
name"Suspension"
value"6 evenly spaced road wheels. Rear sprocket drive and supported track."
variants
name"T-90A"
notes"Russian army version with welded turret, V-92S2 engine, and ESSA thermal viewer. Sometimes called T-90 Vladimir, in honor of its chief designer Vladimir Potkin."
page"T-90A Russian Main Battle Tank (MBT)"
name"T-90K"
notes"Commander's version of the T-90, with additional communication (station R-163-50K) and navigation equipment (TNA-4-3)."
name"T-90AK"
notes"Command version of T-90A."
name"T-90AM"
notes"The latest version of the T-90A. The main features include the modernization of the old turret design, which is equipped with a new advanced fire control system "Kalina" (with integrated combat information and control systems), a new automatic loader and a newly upgraded gun 2A46M-5, as well as a remote-controlled anti-aircraft gun "UDP T05BV-1". The new version also includes the Relikt (Реликт (динамическая защита) ERA bricks instead of the Kontakt-5 ERA bricks."
name"Т-90M"
notes"A new modernized version of Т-90А. It's a program of modernization of Vladimir tanks and will include 400 tanks currently in service. Tanks will receive 2А82-1М gun (same as in T-14) and fire control system, Kalina. They will be upgraded with Afghanit APS and Relikt ERA. The upgrades are also aimed at improving network-centric warfare capabilities and coordination with Armata project vehicles. The first contract was signed in 2017 and serial production started in 2018."
name"T-90S"
notes"The export version of the T-90, later adopted by the Russian Armed Forces as the T-90A. These tanks were made by Uralvagonzavod and were updated with 1,000 hp (750 kW) engines made by Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant. These tanks carry a leaner version of the Shtora-1 passive/active protection system which lacks the infra-red dazzlers carried on the turret. Sometimes called T-90C (Cyrillic letter es looks like a Latin c). These were initially supplied with cast turrets of the early T-90, and when stocks were depleted, new, welded turrets were fabricated."
name"T-90SK"
notes"Commander's version of the T-90S, with additional communication and navigation equipment. It differs in radio and navigation equipment and Ainet remote-detonation system for HEF rounds."
name"T-90S"
notes""Bhishma" – modified T-90S in Indian service."
name"T-90MS"
notes"Also known as T-90SM is an updated version of the T-90S. It is equipped with a 1,130 hp engine, a PNM Sosna-U gunner view. a UDP T05BV-1 RWS with a 7.62 mm machine gun, GLONASS, inertial navigation systems, new Relikt explosive reactive armor (ERA) that covers more of the tank, and a steering wheel. A new removable turret bustle is included, which provides storage for eight additional rounds. The T-90MS is ready for serial production. 4 video cameras provide a 360° view of the environment, while the tank is more connected to the command. The T-90MS has an upgraded thermal imager that can detect tanks over 3300 meters away."
name"BREM-1M"
notes"Armored recovery vehicle."
name"IMR-3M"
notes"Combat engineer vehicle."
name"MTU-90"
notes"Bridge layer tank with MLC50 bridge."
name"BMR-3M"
notes"Mine clearing vehicle."
name"MTU-2020"
notes"Bridge layer tank based on the T-90A whose chassis has been extended, along with the addition of a road wheel."
type"WEG"
version1
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