WEG MediaWiki

Tu-22M3 (Backfire-C) Russian Long-Range Strategic Bomber

tiers
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false
true
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categories
"WEG"
"Aircraft"
"Fixed Wing Aircraft"
"Bomber Aircraft"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"Air"
"Tier3"
notes"Tu-22M3 Backfire-C This version first flew on June 20, 1977, and entered serial production that same year. A total of 268 were completed when production ended in 1993. The Tu-22M3 completed state acceptance trials in 1981 but was not formally commissioned into service until March 1989. This upgrade resulted in a lengthened nose profile upturned lower line, possibly representing a new radar and different engine intakes."
dateOfIntroduction1972
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"CFE Treaty, Russian Federation"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
Empty array
checkedcountries
"CFE Treaty"
"Russian Federation"
dis
name"TU22M3 BACKFIRE C"
string"01.02.222.003.003.003.000"
images
"Russian Long-Range Bomber Tu-22M3_Backfire-C_1.JPG"
"Russian Long-Range Bomber Tu-22M3_Backfire-C_2.JPG"
"Tu-22M(A).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternate Designation"
value"Tu-22M; NATO: Backfire"
name"Type"
value"Long-Range Strategic Bomber"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Tupolev"
name"Crew"
value"4"
units"ea"
name"Hardpoints"
value"Wing and fuselage pylons and internal weapons bay with a capacity of 24,000 kg."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"42.46 m"
name"Wingspan"
value"34.28 m"
name"Wing Area"
value"183.6 m2"
name"Height"
value"11.05 m"
name"Empty Weight"
value"58,000 kg"
name"Gross Weight"
value"112,000 kg"
name"Maximum Takeoff Weight"
value"126,000 kg"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"2 × Kuznetsov NK-25"
name"Engine Type"
value"Afterburning Turbofan"
name"Engine Power"
value"247.9 kN (55,700 lbf) with afterburner"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"54,000 kg"
name"Maximum Speed"
value"2,300 km/h"
name"Range"
value"6,800 km"
name"Combat Range"
value"2,410 km"
name"Ferry Range"
value"7,000 km"
name"Service Ceiling"
value"13,300 m"
name"Rate of Climb"
value"15 m/s"
name"Main Gun System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 × 23-mm GSh-23 cannon in the Remotely Controlled Tail Turret"
name"Type"
value"Autocannon"
name"Caliber"
value"23 mm"
name"Length"
value"1,387 mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"1,000 mm"
name"Weight"
value"49.2 kg"
name"Barrels"
value"2"
units"ea"
name"Action"
value"Gast principle"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"3,400–3,600 rounds/min"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"715 m/s"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"23 mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"23x115 mm"
name"Basic Load"
value"INA"
properties
name"Note"
value"Remotely Controlled Tail Turret"
name"Missile System"
properties
name"Note"
value"1-3 x Kh-22MA (NATO AS-4 Kitchen) air-to- surface; or 10 x Kh-15 (NATO AS-6 Kickback) air-to-surface (4 externally and 6 internally on rotary launchers)."
name"Bomb System"
properties
name"Note"
value"24,000 kg (half internal, half on external racks). The standard load is 69 x FAB-250 or 8 FAB-1500 bombs."
name"Avionics"
properties
name"Search and Target Radar"
value"1 x PNA (Isdeliya 030A) Down Beat I-band for AS-4"
name"Fire Control System"
value"1 x Fan Tail FCS for 23-mm guns"
name"Radar Warning System"
value"1 x Bee Hind I-band radar warning system in the tail"
name"Target Navigation Radar"
value"1 x MTN missile system with integral TV-optical bomb sight, integrated with search radar."
name"Protection"
properties
name"Stealth Properties"
value"None"
name"Heat Signature Reduction"
value"No"
name"EW Countermeasures"
value"INA"
name"Chaffs/Flares"
value"INA"
variants
name"Tu-22Mo Backfire-A"
notes"The first bombers received the designation Tu-22Mo. Development began in 1964-65 to meet a joint requirement by the former Soviet air force and navy for a replacement for the Tu-22/Tu-16."
name"Tu-22M Backfire-A"
notes"This was a pre-production series of an estimated 12 aircraft placed in operational service with Soviet naval aviation."
name"Tu-22M1 Backfire-A"
notes"This version first flew on July 1, 1971. Nine were built; a 10th was for static testing."
name"Tu-22M2 Backfire-B"
notes"This was the initial production model, which differed from the Tu-22M3 Backfire-C. It was developed for the long-range strategic bombing role in the early 1970s."
name"Tu-22M2Ye Backfire-B"
notes"his variant was equipped with the new NK-25 engines and an advanced flight-control system. However, it did not achieve improved flight characteristics."
name"Tu-22M3 Backfire-C"
notes"This version first flew June 20, 1977, and entered serial production that same year. A total of 268 were completed when production ended in 1993."
name"Tu-22MR Backfire reconnaissance variant"
notes"This variant entered made its first flight on Dec. 6, 1985. About a dozen were built between 1989 and 1993."
name"Tu-22MP escort jammer"
notes"This variant, equipped with the Myass jamming system, was developed in the mid-1980s. The program ultimately did not progress due to problems with onboard systems."
name"Tu-22ME Backfire naval reconnaissance variant"
notes"This version is thought to have been under development since 1990."
name"Tu-22M5"
notes"This was a modest upgrade program offered by Tupolev. It added a new attack radar with automatic terrain-avoidance capabilities and a new GPS/inertial navigation system-based capability."
name"Tu-22M3M Backfire"
notes"This program to upgrade the Backfire-C began in 1990 as Isdeliye 45.03M. The design went through many variations, with little progress, until it was finally authorized in 2010."
name"Tu-22M3 with SVP-24-22"
notes"By 2014, at least three Tu-22M3s had received a lower-cost upgrade that centered on replacing the old Orbita-10 flight computer with a variant of the SVP-24 (SVP-24-22) originally developed for the Su-24 Fencer attack aircraft."
type"WEG"
version1
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