WEG MediaWiki

Type 037II-Class (Houjian Class) Chinese Corvette

tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Naval Watercraft"
"Corvettes"
"China, People's Republic of"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"Sea"
"Tier3"
notes"The Type 037II missile boat (NATO: Houjian class) is a missile-equipped corvette built by Huangpu Shipyard of Guangzhou for the People's Liberation Army Navy. A total of six vessels were delivered to the PLA Navy and form the main naval defense force currently protecting Hong Kong. The original one-off design was by an American company, the H-3 group, the design was for a 245-ton boat, equipped with Harpoon SSMs, OTO Melara 76 mm guns, gas turbine engines, and waterjet propulsion. However, these specifications were too complicated for China, and a major redesign was begun, resulting in a boat with C-801 SSMs, diesel engines, and propellers instead. The OTO Melara 76mm gun was retained in the revised design, called in 1988 the EH-3D (and in 1996 the 520T), but failed to survive the cooling of relations with the West following the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 and the resulting end of Western participation in Chinese military projects. The first vessel was built in 1990, as a technology demonstrator and proof-of-concept trials vessel, it fired its first C-801 missile in a 1995 exercise. Three more vessels were built in 1995/96. However, due to technical difficulties (particularly with regards to the license-produced SEMT diesel engines), high price, and over-sophisticated design compared to the PLAN standard, further production was terminated. A fifth vessel, hull number 774, was built in 2001, as another proof of concept vessel for modified SEMT engines with new turbochargers and license-produced Russian AK-176 76 mm gun. Four vessels were built for rotation, with 2 vessels being deployed to Hong Kong at a time. The fifth vessel has been involved in two navigation incidents. The first time in 2001 whilst on a pre-delivery test it was nearly sunk after a crash with a fast ferry servicing the Hong Kong-Guangzhou route. In June 2006, it crashed again, this time with a Chinese freighter, and sank immediately, 13 servicemen going missing in the accident. The vessel was later refloated and sent to the shipyard for repair. The Azmat-class vessels in service with the Pakistani Navy are based on this class. In 2012 Bangladesh contracted for two slightly modified ships."
dateOfIntroduction1992
countryOfOrigin"China, People's Republic of"
proliferation"China, Pakistan"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"China"
"Pakistan"
dis
name"PG HOUJIAN TYPE 037 2 CLASS"
string"01.03.045.007.001.000.000"
images
"Type_037II_Class_(Houjian_Class)_(CC).jpg"
"Type_037II_Class_(Houjian_Class)_(AA).jpg"
"Type_037II_Class_(Houjian_Class)_(BB).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"Type 037II Class; NATO: Houjian Class"
name"Type"
value"Corvette; Missile Boat"
name"Builder"
value"Qiuxing and Huangpu Shipyard"
name"Crew"
value"75"
units"ea"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"62.8 m"
name"Beam"
value"7.2 m"
name"Draft"
value"2.4 m"
name"Displacement, Standard"
value"INA"
name"Displacement, Full Load"
value"520 tons"
name"Propulsion System"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"2 x SEMT-Pielstick 12 PA6 280"
name"Engine Type"
value"Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"2 x SEMT-Pielstick 12 PA6 280 diesel engines at 1,584 hp (1,181 kW) with 3 shafts."
name"Maximum Range"
value"1,800 nmi (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)."
name"Maximum Speed"
value"30 knots (56 km/h)."
name"Gun Weapon Systems"
sections
name"Gun Weapon System #1"
properties
name"Name"
value"AK-176"
name"Type"
value"Naval Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"76.2 mm"
name"Quantity"
value"1 × AK-176 Naval Gun"
name"Length"
value"4484 mm"
name"Weight"
value"16,800 kg"
name"Crew"
value"2 (4 in manual control mode)"
name"Barrels"
value"1"
name"Recoil"
value"380 to 500 mm"
name"Elevation"
value"-15° to +85°"
name"Traverse"
value"±175°"
name"Rate of FIre"
value"120 rds/min"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"980 m/s"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"15.5 km"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"10 km"
name"Feed System"
value"152 ready to fire rounds"
name"Sights"
value"INA"
name"Gun Weapon System #1 Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"76.2 mm"
name"Shell"
value"INA"
name"Basic Load"
value"INA"
name"Gun Weapon System #2"
properties
name"Name"
value"Type 69"
name"Type"
value"Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7 mm"
name"Quantity"
value"4 × Type 69 14.5 mm heavy machine guns (2 × 2)"
name"Length"
value"1,980 mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"1,346 mm"
name"Width"
value"162mm"
name"Height"
value"225mm"
name"Weight"
value"49 kg"
name"Action"
value"Short recoil operation"
name"Rate of FIre"
value"600 rpm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1,005 m/s"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"4000m"
name"Effective Firing Range"
value"3000m"
name"Feed System"
value"40-round belt"
name"Sights"
value"iron or optical"
name"Gun Weapon System #2 Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"14.5 mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"14.5×114 mm"
name"Basic Load"
value"INA"
name"Missile Weapon System"
sections
name"Missile Weapon System #1"
properties
name"Name"
value"C-802"
name"Type"
value"Anti-Ship Missile System"
name"Note"
value"The C-802 is the export version of the YJ-83"
name"Length"
value"INA"
name"Weight"
value"INA"
name"Warhead"
value"190 kg high-explosive fragmentation"
name"Engine"
value"CTJ-2 turbojet"
name"Operational Range"
value"120 km"
name"Maximum Speed"
value"Mach 0.9"
name"Guidance System"
value"Inertial navigation/active radar homing terminal guidance"
name"Mines"
properties
name"Launcher"
value"2 x mine rails fitted"
name"Note"
value"12 x mines max. mines"
name"Mortar System"
properties
name"Mortar Launcher"
value"The ships are armed with two 6-tubed anti-submarine mortar launchers."
name"Mortar Type"
value"Type 87 Mortars"
name"Basic Load"
value"INA"
name"Fire Control System (FCS)"
properties
name"FCS Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Yes, 1 × I-band Type 347 (Rice Lamp) FCS."
name"Battle Management System"
value"No"
name"Radar Systems"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 × I-band Type 352 (Square Tie) Surface Search Radar"
name"Type"
value"Surface Search Radar"
name"Frequency"
value"INA"
name"Range"
value"INA"
name"Sonar Systems"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x Tamir-11 HF sonar"
name"Type"
value"Hull-mounted sonar"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Active Protection System"
value"INA"
name"Countermeasures"
value"INA"
name"NBC Water Washdown System"
value"INA"
name"Depth Charge Racks"
value"2 x depth charge racks"
name"Depth Chargers"
value"2 x BMB-2 depth charge mortars"
variants
name"Yangjiang"
notes"Commissioned: 1991 Status: Active Fleet: PLAN Fleet"
name"Shunde"
notes"Commissioned: 1995 Status: Active Fleet: PLAN Fleet"
name"Nanhai"
notes"Commissioned: 1995 Status: Active Fleet: PLAN Fleet"
name"Panyu"
notes"Commissioned: 1996 Status: Active Fleet: PLAN Fleet"
name"Lianjiang"
notes"Commissioned: 2001 Status: Active Fleet: PLAN Fleet"
name"Xinhui"
notes"Commissioned: 2003 Status: Active Fleet: PLAN Fleet"
name"Azmat"
notes"Commissioned: 2009 Status: Active Fleet: Pakistan Navy Fleet"
name"Dehshat"
notes"Commissioned: 2012 Status: Active Fleet: Pakistan Navy Fleet"
name"Himmat"
notes"Commissioned: 2012 Status: Active Fleet: Pakistan Navy Fleet"
type"WEG"
version1
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