WEG MediaWiki

Type 81 Chinese 107mm Multiple Rocket Launcher (MRL)

tiers
false
false
false
true
categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Rocket Artillery Systems"
"Light Rocket Systems (Up to 50 km)"
"China, People's Republic of"
"PRO_Afghanistan"
"PRO_Albania"
"PRO_Azerbaijan"
"PRO_Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"PRO_Cambodia"
"PRO_Chad"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Congo"
"PRO_Djibouti"
"PRO_Ghana"
"PRO_Indonesia"
"PRO_Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"PRO_Iraq"
"PRO_Jordan"
"PRO_Lebanon"
"PRO_Libya"
"PRO_Malaysia"
"PRO_Mauritania"
"PRO_Myanmar"
"PRO_Nicaragua"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Palestine"
"PRO_South Africa"
"PRO_South Sudan"
"PRO_Sudan"
"PRO_Syria"
"PRO_Turkey"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"PRO_Zimbabwe"
"Land"
"Tier4"
notes"The Multi-Barrel Rocket Launcher (MBRL) has 12 tubes arranged in three lines of four tubes each. All the tubes are parallel to each other and mounted co-axially on a cradle. Ammunition used with the MBRL is in the form of Rocket which consists of one piece. Warhead is attached with rocket motor. A fixed amount of propellant is contained in the rocket motor. The rocket is stabilized with a slow spin. The Type 63 (12-round) MRS is mounted on a rubber-tire split pole type carriage, while the Type 63-I is a packed model for airborne and mountain units. The Type 85 is a single manportable tripod-mounted launcher tube for use by special forces units. The NORINCO Type 81 (12-round) is mounted on a 4X4 truck, with a enlarged cab to accommodate the crew of four and 12 reload rounds. The vehicle suspension is locked for firing, and the entire system can be dismounted from the vehicle and placed on a tow carriage. The launcher can be fired from the cab or from a remote position. Several variants of North Korean design and manufacture are known to exist [which are evidently without a formal designation in the open literature], in addition to the basic configuration of 12 launch tubes in array of 3 rows of 4 tubes. Two other North Korean self-propelled versions exist: one with 18 tubes and one with 24 tubes. As with the Chinese variants, the North Korean 12-tube launcher can also be can be towed or mounted on a 4 leg stand, or mounted on any suitable wheeled or tracked vehicle. The Type 63 HE-Fragmentation Spin-Stabilized Rocket is an electrically initiated, rocket incorporating a high-explosive fragmentation warhead. It is normally fired from a trailer- or truck-mounted multiple launcher, but may also be fired from single-tube launchers mounted on small boats. It is a barrage weapon used against personnel and material. Rockets of early manufacture are painted battleship gray or dark green; later rockets are olive drab. The bourrelets and nozzle plate are unpainted. Markings, stenciled in black and providing manufacturing data and nomenclature, may vary on individual rockets. Setscrews lock the adapter to the warhead and the adapter and nozzle plate to the rocket motor. The nozzle closure screws over the base of the nozzle plate. A hole in the center of the nozzle closure is crimped around an insulated stud in the center of the initiator assembly, thus waterproofing the base of the rocket motor. The initiator assembly electrical contact is exposed through the center of the insulated stud. The nozzles are canted to provide spin. The Type 63-2 Rocket is an 18.8-kilogram (41.5-pound) rocket containing a main charge of TNT weighing 1.3 kilograms (2.9 pounds). The rocket is olive drab with black markings. The warhead is made of metal. The 107mm spin stabilized incendiary rocket contains an unknown amount of White Phosphorous (WP). The rocket is painted olive drab with black markings. The warhead is made of metal."
dateOfIntroduction1963
countryOfOrigin"China, People's Republic of"
proliferation"Afghanistan, Albania, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Chad, China, Congo, Djibouti, Ghana, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Mauritania, Myanmar, Nicaragua, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Palestine, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria, Turkey, Viet Nam, Zimbabwe"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Afghanistan"
"Albania"
"Azerbaijan"
"Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"Cambodia"
"Chad"
"China"
"Congo"
"Djibouti"
"Ghana"
"Indonesia"
"Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"Iraq"
"Jordan"
"Lebanon"
"Libya"
"Malaysia"
"Mauritania"
"Myanmar"
"Nicaragua"
"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"Palestine"
"South Africa"
"South Sudan"
"Sudan"
"Syria"
"Turkey"
"Viet Nam"
"Zimbabwe"
dis
name"107MM MRL TYPE 63"
string"01.01.045.005.006.000.000"
images
"Type_63_107_MRL_TWD.png"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designations"
value"None"
name"Manufacturer"
value"State Factory 847"
name"In Service"
value"1963-Present"
name"Crew"
value"5"
units"ea"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Displacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"2.90"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"1.65"
units"m"
name"Height"
value"0.91"
units"m"
name"Tire Size"
value"126 mm x 406 mm"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"602"
units"kg"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Prime Mover"
value"4X4 or 6x6 Truck"
name"Multiple Rocket Launcher"
sections
name"Launcher"
properties
name"Name"
value"Type 63"
name"Type"
value"Multiple Rocket Launcher"
name"Caliber"
value"107mm"
name"Number of Tubes"
value"12"
units"ea"
name"Maximum Elevation"
value"+57"
units"deg"
name"Minimum Elevation"
value"-3"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Range"
value"32"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Right"
value"16"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Left"
value"16"
units"deg"
name"Reload Time"
value"3 minutes"
name"Carriage"
value"Split trail"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Type"
value"HE Projectile"
name"Length"
value"0.84"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"170mm"
name"Weight, Total"
value"18.80"
units"kg"
name"Warhead Type"
value"HE"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"8.33"
units"kg"
name"Maximum Range"
value"8,500"
units"m"
name"Maximum Velocity"
value"372"
units"m/s"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Type"
value"Incendiary Projectile"
name"Length"
value"0.92"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"170mm"
name"Weight, Total"
value"18.74"
units"kg"
name"Warhead Type"
value"Incendiary"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"7.54"
units"kg"
name"Maximum Range"
value"7,885"
units"m"
name"Maximum Velocity"
value"383"
units"m/s"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"Type 63"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"No"
name"Sights"
value"Optical"
variants
name"Type 63 for mountain/airborne warfare"
notes"This variant can be disassembled into manpack loads"
name"Type 63 -1"
notes"This variant's launcher is modified to four rows of three tubes; it has smaller road wheels. Tube construction is cast aluminum. The weight of the Type 63 -1 is reduced by 300 lb (136 kg) and it has a covered crew cabin."
name"Type 81"
notes"This variant is a Type 63 on a turntable mounted on rear bed of 4 x 4 truck."
name"Iraqi 107-mm MRS"
notes"The version is an Iraqi copy of the Type 63"
name"South African 107-mm MRS"
notes"South African 107-mm MRS"
name"VTT-323"
notes"The VTT-323 is the North Korean designation for the weapon."
name"107MM SP MRL 18 M1992"
notes"North Korea Version"
name"107MM SP MRL 24 M1992"
notes"North Korea Version"
type"WEG"
version1
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