WEG MediaWiki

UH-60L Black Hawk American Utility Helicopter

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categories
"WEG"
"Aircraft"
"Rotary Wing Aircraft"
"Utility Helicopter"
"United States"
"PRO_Afghanistan"
"PRO_Argentina"
"PRO_Australia"
"PRO_Austria"
"PRO_Bahrain"
"PRO_Brazil"
"PRO_Brunei Darussalam"
"PRO_CFE Treaty"
"PRO_Chile"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Colombia"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Israel"
"PRO_Japan"
"PRO_Jordan"
"PRO_Latvia"
"PRO_Malaysia"
"PRO_Mexico"
"PRO_Morocco"
"PRO_Philippines"
"PRO_Poland"
"PRO_Saudi Arabia"
"PRO_Singapore"
"PRO_Slovakia"
"PRO_Slovenia"
"PRO_South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Sweden"
"PRO_Thailand"
"PRO_Tunisia"
"PRO_Turkey"
"PRO_United States of America"
"PRO_Uzbekistan"
"Air"
"Tier3"
notes"UH-60L Black Hawk: UH-60A with upgraded T700-GE-701C engines, improved durability gearbox, and updated flight control system. Produced 1989–2007. UH-60Ls are also being equipped with the GE T700-GE-701D engine. The U.S. Army Corpus Christi Army Depot is upgrading UH-60A helicopters to the UH-60L configuration. In July 2018, Sierra Nevada Corporation proposed upgrading some converted UH-60L helicopters for the U.S. Air Force's UH-1N replacement program. The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a four-blade, twin-engine, medium-lift utility helicopter manufactured by Sikorsky Aircraft. Sikorsky submitted the S-70 design for the United States Army's Utility Tactical Transport Aircraft System (UTTAS) competition in 1972. The Army designated the prototype as the YUH-60A and selected the Black Hawk as the winner of the program in 1976, after a fly-off competition with the Boeing Vertol YUH-61. Named after the Native American war leader Black Hawk, the UH-60A entered service with the U.S. Army in 1979, to replace the Bell UH-1 Iroquois as the Army's tactical transport helicopter. This was followed by the fielding of electronic warfare and special operations variants of the Black Hawk. Improved UH-60L and UH-60M utility variants have also been developed. Modified versions have also been developed for the U.S. Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard. In addition to U.S. Army use, the UH-60 family has been exported to several nations. Black Hawks have served in combat during conflicts in Grenada, Panama, Iraq, Somalia, the Balkans, Afghanistan, and other areas in the Middle East. The UH-60 features four-blade main and tail rotors and is powered by two General Electric T700 turboshaft engines. The main rotor is fully articulated and has elastomeric bearings in the rotor head. The tail rotor is canted and features a rigid crossbeam. The helicopter has a long, low profile shape to meet the Army's requirement for transporting aboard a C-130 Hercules, with some disassembly. It can carry 11 troops with equipment, lift 2,600 pounds (1,200 kg) of cargo internally or 9,000 pounds (4,100 kg) of cargo (for UH-60L/M) externally by sling. The Black Hawk helicopter series can perform a wide array of missions, including the tactical transport of troops, electronic warfare, and aeromedical evacuation. A VIP version known as the VH-60N is used to transport important government officials (e.g., Congress, Executive departments) with the helicopter's call sign of "Marine One" when transporting the President of the United States. In air assault operations, it can move a squad of 11 combat troops or reposition a 105 mm M119 howitzer with 30 rounds of ammunition, and a four-man crew in a single lift. The Black Hawk is equipped with advanced avionics and electronics for increased survivability and capability, such as the Global Positioning System. The UH-60 can be equipped with stub wings at the top of the fuselage to carry fuel tanks or various armaments. The initial stub wing system is called External Stores Support System (ESSS). It has two pylons on each wing to carry two 230 US gal (870 L) and two 450 US gal (1,700 L) tanks in total. The four fuel tanks and associated lines and valves form the external extended range fuel system (ERFS). U.S. Army UH-60s have had their ESSS modified into the crashworthy external fuel system (CEFS) configuration, replacing the older tanks with up to four total 200 US gal (760 L) crashworthy tanks along with self-sealing fuel lines. The ESSS can also carry 10,000 lb (4,500 kg) of armaments such as rockets, missiles, and gun pods. The ESSS entered service in 1986. However, it was found that the four fuel tanks obstruct the field of fire for the door guns; thus, the external tank system (ETS), carrying two fuel tanks on the stub wings, was developed. The unit cost of the H-60 models varies due to differences in specifications, equipment, and quantities. For example, the unit cost of the Army's UH-60L Black Hawk is $5.9 million while the unit cost of the Air Force HH-60G Pave Hawk is $10.2 million"
dateOfIntroduction1979
countryOfOrigin"United States"
proliferation"Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, CFE Treaty, Chile, China, Colombia, Egypt, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Latvia, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Philippines, Poland, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea (Republic of Korea), Sweden, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, United States of America, Uzbekistan"
selectedregions
"All Regions"
checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Afghanistan"
"Argentina"
"Australia"
"Austria"
"Bahrain"
"Brazil"
"Brunei Darussalam"
"CFE Treaty"
"Chile"
"China"
"Colombia"
"Egypt"
"Israel"
"Japan"
"Jordan"
"Latvia"
"Malaysia"
"Mexico"
"Morocco"
"Philippines"
"Poland"
"Saudi Arabia"
"Singapore"
"Slovakia"
"Slovenia"
"South Korea (Republic of Korea)"
"Sweden"
"Thailand"
"Tunisia"
"Turkey"
"United States of America"
"Uzbekistan"
dis
name"UH60L BLACKHAWK"
string"01.02.225.021.002.002.000"
images
"UH-60_Black_Hawk_(E).jpg"
"UH-60_Black_Hawk(B).jpg"
"UH-60_Blackhawk_(CC).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"UH-60L Black Hawk"
name"Type"
value"Utility Helicopter"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Sikorsky Aircraft"
name"Crew"
value"3 (pilot, co-pilot, crew chief)"
name"Passengers"
value"14"
units"ea"
name"Blades, Main Rotor"
value"4"
units"ea"
name"Blades, Tail Rotor"
value"4"
units"ea"
name"Number of Engines"
value"2"
units"ea"
name"Number of Hard Points"
value"4 Total, 2 per ESSS stub wings"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length, Fuselage"
value"15.26 m"
name"Length, Rotors Turning"
value"19.76 m"
name"Length, Rotors folded"
value"12.60 m"
name"Maximum Height"
value"5.13 m"
name"Fuselage Width"
value"2.36 m"
name"Cabin Length"
value"3.84 m"
name"Cabin Height"
value"1.37 m"
name"Cabin Width"
value"1.88 m"
name"Cabin Volume"
value"11.6 m cu"
name"Wheel Base"
value"8.83 m"
name"Wheel Track"
value"2.70 m"
name"Main Rotor Diameter"
value"16.36 m"
name"Main Rotor Disc Area"
value"210.15 m sq"
name"Tail Rotor Diameter"
value"3.35 m"
name"Empty Weight"
value"5,263 kg"
name"Gross Mission Weight"
value"7,950 kg"
name"Maximum Takeoff Weight"
value"11,113 kg"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"2 x General Electric T700-GE-701C"
name"Engine Type"
value"Turboshaft"
name"Engine Power"
value"1,800 shaft hp each"
name"Transmission Power"
value"3,400 shp"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"1,361 liters internal"
name"Never Exceed Speed"
value"361 kph"
name"Cruising Speed at Sea Level"
value"296 kph"
name"Single Engine Maximum Speed"
value"195 kph"
name"Maximum Range with Internal Fuel"
value"584 km"
name"Maximum Range with External Fuel"
value"1,630 km w 1,741 liters of external fuel"
name"Rate of Climb"
value"472 m/min"
name"Ceiling"
value"5,837 m"
name"Main Gun System"
properties
name"Note"
value"2 x pintle mounts for 7.62-mm M60D or 12.7-mm GECAL 50 or 7.62-mm M134 mini-Gatling guns"
name"Missile Weapon Systems"
properties
name"Note"
value"ESSS can accommodate a variety of pods and weapon systems including fuel tanks, electronics, rockets, guns, missiles and dispensers; Volcano mine-dispensing system can also be mounted to the doors of the aircraft by using the M139 dispensing system."
name"Fire Control and Avionics"
properties
name"Fire Control Radar"
value"INA"
name"Navigation Radar"
value"INA"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Add on Armor"
value"INA"
name"Stealth Properties"
value"No"
name"Heat Signature Reduction"
value"INA"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes"
name"EW Counter Measures/CCM"
value"Yes, equipped with an AN/APR-39 (v) 1 radar warning receiver and the AN/ALQ-144 infrared countermeasures system."
name"Counter Measures (Chaff/Flares)"
value"Yes, equipped with a chaff/flare dispenser."
variants
name"YUH-60A"
notes"Initial test and evaluation version for U.S. Army. First flight on 17 October 1974; three built."
name"UH-60A Black Hawk"
notes"Original U.S. Army version, carrying a crew of four and up to 11 equipped troops."
name"UH-60C Black Hawk"
notes"Modified version for command and control (C2) missions."
name"CH-60E"
notes"Proposed troop transport variant for the U.S. Marine Corps."
name"UH-60L Black Hawk"
notes"UH-60A with upgraded T700-GE-701C engines"
name"UH-60V Black Hawk"
notes"Upgraded version of the UH-60L with the electronic displays (glass cockpit) of the UH-60M. Upgrades performed by Northrop Grumman featuring a centralized processor with a partitioned, modular operational flight program enabling capabilities to be added as software-only modifications."
name"UH-60M Black Hawk"
notes"Improved design wide chord rotor blades, T700-GE-701D engines (max 2,000 shp or 1,500 kW each), improved durability gearbox, Integrated Vehicle Health Management System (IVHMS) computer, and new glass cockpit. Production began in 2006."
name"UH-60M Upgrade Black Hawk"
notes"UH-60M with fly-by-wire system and Common Avionics Architecture System (CAAS) cockpit suite. Flight testing began in August 2008."
name"EH-60A Black Hawk"
notes"UH-60A with modified electrical system and stations for two electronic systems mission operators. All examples of type have been converted back to standard UH-60A configuration."
name"YEH-60B Black Hawk"
notes"UH-60A modified for special radar and avionics installations, prototype for stand-off target acquisition system."
name"EH-60C Black Hawk"
notes"UH-60A modified with special electronics equipment and external antenna."
name"EUH-60L"
notes"UH-60L modified with additional mission electronic equipment for Army Airborne C2."
name"EH-60L Black Hawk"
notes"EH-60A with major mission equipment upgrade."
name"UH-60Q Black Hawk"
notes"UH-60A modified for medical evacuation."
name"HH-60L"
notes"UH-60L extensively modified with medical mission equipment. Components include an external rescue hoist, integrated patient configuration system, environmental control system, on-board oxygen system (OBOGS), and crashworthy ambulatory seats."
name"HH-60M Black Hawk"
notes"UH-60M with medical mission equipment (medevac version) for U.S. Army."
name"HH-60U"
notes"USAF UH-60M version modified with an electro-optical sensor and rescue hoist. Three in use by Air Force pilots and special mission aviators since 2011. Has 85% commonality with the HH-60W."
name"HH-60W"
notes"Modified version of the UH-60M for the U.S. Air Force as a Combat Rescue Helicopter to replace HH-60G Pave Hawks with greater fuel capacity and more internal cabin space, dubbed the "60-Whiskey"."
name"MH-60A Black Hawk"
notes"30 UH-60As modified with additional avionics, night vision capable cockpit, FLIR, M134 door guns, internal auxiliary fuel tanks and other Special Operations mission equipment in early 1980s for U.S. Army."
name"MH-60K Black Hawk"
notes"Special operations modification first ordered in 1988 for use by the U.S. Army's 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment ("Night Stalkers"). Equipped with the in-flight refueling probe, and T700-GE-701C engines. More advanced than the MH-60L, the K-model also includes an integrated avionics system (glass cockpit), AN/APQ-174B terrain-following radar, color weather map, improved weapons capability, and various defensive systems."
name"MH-60L Black Hawk"
notes"Special operations modification, used by the U.S. Army's 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment ("Night Stalkers"), based on the UH-60L with T700-701C engines. It was developed as an interim version in the late 1980s pending fielding of the MH-60K."
name"MH-60L DAP"
notes"The Direct Action Penetrator (DAP) is a special operations modification of the baseline MH-60L, operated by the U.S. Army's 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment."
name"MH-60M Black Hawk"
notes"Special operations version of UH-60M for U.S. Army. Features the Rockwell Collins Common Avionics Architecture System (CAAS) glass cockpit and more powerful YT706-GE-700 engines."
name"MH-60 Black Hawk stealth helicopter"
notes"One of two (known) specially modified MH-60s used in the raid on Osama bin Laden's compound in Pakistan on 1 May 2011 was damaged in a hard landing, and was subsequently destroyed by U.S. forces."
name"UH-60A RASCAL"
notes"NASA-modified version for the Rotorcraft-Aircrew Systems Concepts Airborne Laboratory; a US$25M program for the study of helicopter maneuverability in three programs, Superaugmented Controls for Agile Maneuvering Performance (SCAMP), Automated Nap-of-the-Earth (ANOE) and Rotorcraft Agility and Pilotage Improvement Demonstration (RAPID)."
name"OPBH"
notes"On 11 March 2014, Sikorsky successfully conducted the first flight demonstration of their Optionally Piloted Black Hawk (OPBH), a milestone part of the company's Manned/Unmanned Resupply Aerial Lifter (MURAL) program to provide autonomous cargo delivery for the U.S. Army. The helicopter used the company's Matrix technology (software to improve features of autonomous, optionally-piloted VTOL aircraft) to perform autonomous hover and flight operations under the control of an operator using a man-portable Ground Control Station (GCS). The MURAL program is a cooperative effort between Sikorsky, the US Army Aviation Development Directorate (ADD), and the US Army Utility Helicopters Project Office (UH PO). The purpose of creating an optionally-manned Black Hawk is to make the aircraft autonomously carry out resupply missions and expeditionary operations while increasing sorties and maintaining crew rest requirements and leaving pilots to focus more on sensitive operations."
name"VH-60D Night Hawk"
notes"VIP-configured HH-60D, used for Presidential transport by USMC. T700-GE-401C engines."
name"VH-60N White Hawk"
notes""White Top": Modified UH-60A with some features from the SH-60B/F Seahawks."
name"VH-60M Black Hawk"
notes""Gold Top": Heavily modified UH-60M used for executive transport. Members of the Joint Chiefs, Congressional leadership, and other DoD personnel are flown on these exclusively by the 12th Aviation Battalion at Fort Belvoir, Virginia."
name"UH-60J Black Hawk"
notes"Variant for the Japanese Air Self Defense Force and Maritime Self Defense Force produced under license by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. Also known as the S-70-12."
name"UH-60JA Black Hawk"
notes"Variant for the Japanese Ground Self Defense Force. It is license produced by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries."
name"AH-60L Arpía"
notes"Export version for Colombia developed by Elbit Systems, Sikorsky, and the Colombian Air Force. It is Counter-insurgency (COIN) attack version with improved electronics, firing system, FLIR, radar, light rockets and machine guns."
name"AH-60L Battle Hawk"
notes"Export armed version unsuccessfully tendered for Australian Army project AIR87, similar to AH-60L Arpía III. Sikorsky has also offered a Battlehawk armed version for export in the form of armament kits and upgrades. Sikorsky's Armed Black hawk demonstrator has tested a 20 mm turreted cannon, and different guided missiles. The United Arab Emirates ordered Battlehawk kits in 2011."
name"UH-60P Black Hawk"
notes"Version for South Korea Army, based on UH-60L with some improvements. Around 150 were produced under license by Korean Air."
type"WEG"
version1
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