WEG MediaWiki

WMZ-322 (SH-3) Chinese 122mm Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)

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true
false
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categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"Self-Propelled Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"China, People's Republic of"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Rwanda"
"Land"
"Tier2"
notes"The WMZ-322 (SH-3) Chinese 122mm Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH) is designed and manufactured by the Chinese defense company NORINCO (North Industries Corporation). The first information about this artillery system was published in 2005, but NORINCO never officially provided technical information about this product. According to some Chinese military sources, WMZ322 is offered for export under the name SH3. WMZ322 has high mobility and firepower, which is provided by a computerized fire control system. WMZ322 is in the service of the Chinese army. In November 2017, the office of the President of Rwanda, Paul Kagame, published a photo on his Flickr account, which showed SH-3, which participated in military exercises in Rwanda, code-named "Hard Punch II". Layout and protection The layout of the WMZ322/SH3 is very similar to the PLZ-89, especially in terms of the turret design, most of the differences in the suspension. Another feature of WMZ322 is that the driver is in the front left part of the hull, but the PLZ-89 has two hatches, the driver is in the same place, and the commander's seat is behind him. The WMS322 has a crew of five people. The turret is installed in the rear part of the hull, it has one door, rear located. The hull and the turret provide protection from small arms firing and fragments of artillery shells. Mobility The WMZ322/SH3 is powered by a Deutz BF8M 1015CP water-cooled diesel engine with a power of 450 hp. It provides a maximum speed of 60 km/h and a maximum range of up to 500 km. On the sides there are six paired rubberized road wheels, having a torsion suspension, sprocket wheels in front, guide wheels at the rear, and three supporting rollers. Armament WMZ322/SH3 is equipped with a turret very similar to PLZ-89, an older version of the 122-mm Chinese-made tracked self-propelled howitzer. It uses the same type of the main armament that consists of one Type 89 122/32-mm cal howitzer borrowed from a Type 85 towed howitzer that has a box screen for a recoil mounted above the barrel and a muzzle brake. The gun is equipped with a semi-automatic loading system that provides a rate of fire from 6 to 8 rounds per minute. The maximum range of standard ammunition is 18 km, for EFRB (Extend Range Full Bore) - up to 22 km and 27 km - for projectiles with Rocket Assisted Projectiles (RAP). The vehicle has ammunition total of 40 rounds. The 12.7-mm machine gun is mounted on the roof of the turret, near the commander's hatch. On the sides of the turret, there are also four smoke grenade launchers. Equipment Standard equipment WMZ322/SH3 includes an infrared night vision device, a meteorological sensor, an NBC protection, an automatic fire-extinguishing system, and a GPS navigation system. WMZ322 is also equipped with an automatic fire control system that includes a digital ballistic computer, an optical sight for day and night vision and a laser range finder installed at the top of the turret."
dateOfIntroduction2003
countryOfOrigin"China, People's Republic of"
proliferation"China, Rwanda"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"China"
"Rwanda"
dis
name"HOW SH 3 WHL 122MM"
string"01.01.045.004.051.000.000"
images
"SH-3SPH(A).jpg"
"SH-3SPH(B).jpg"
"SH-3SPH(C).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"WMZ-322; SH-3"
name"Type"
value"122mm Self-Propelled Howitzer"
name"Crew"
value"5"
units"ea"
name"Chassis"
value"The SH-3 uses a new chassis, which is based on the Type 89 chassis, but has numerous improvements."
name"Displacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"6.6 m"
name"Width"
value"3.28 m"
name"Height"
value"2.5 m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"24.5 tons"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"BF8M1015CP"
name"Engine Type"
value"Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"590"
units"hp"
name"Cruising Range"
value"500"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"65"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"INA"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"The SH-3 can be fitted with floatation kit for amphibious operation. Once the kit is fitted it can ford water obstacles such as lakes and rivers."
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Side Slope"
value"30"
units"%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"0.8 m"
name"Tench"
value"2.5 m"
name"Fording, without Preparation"
value"1 m"
name"Fording, with Preparation"
value"Amphibious"
name"Main Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"L32 Howitzer"
name"Type"
value"Howitzer"
name"Caliber"
value"122 mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"32 calibers"
name"Barrel Weight"
value"INA"
name"Elevation"
value"INA"
name"Traverse"
value"360 deg"
name"Loader Type"
value"The SH-3 is fitted with a semi-automatic loader."
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"18 - 21 km"
name"Maximum Rate of Fire"
value"6 - 8 rpm"
name"Note"
value"This artillery system is compatible with Chinese and Russian 122 mm ammunition."
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Projectile"
name"Caliber"
value"32"
units"mm"
name"Basic Load"
value"INA"
name"Note"
value"This artillery system is compatible with standard Chinese and Russian 122 mm ammunition. It fires separate-loaded ammunition. NORINCO developed a whole family of 122 mm ammunition."
name"Coaxial Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"QJC88"
name"Type"
value"Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7mm"
name"Date of Introduction"
value"1985"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Norinco"
name"Proliferation"
value"China: INA"
name"In Service"
value"1985-Present"
name"Length"
value"1.5 m"
name"Barrel Length"
value"1 m"
name"Height"
value"INA"
name"Weight"
value"18.5 kg plus 15.5 kg mount"
name"Fire Selector"
value"0-F"
name"Action"
value"Gas operated, open bolt"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"540 - 600 rpm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"850 m/s"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"INA"
name"Magazine"
value"Belt fed, 50 rounds"
name"Sights"
value"Iron sights, optional optical sights"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Rifle"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"12.7x108mm Soviet"
name"Basic Load"
value"2,000"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"INA"
name"Thermal Sight Vehicle Commander"
value"INA"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"Yes"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"Armor of the SH-3 provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters."
name"Turret Armor"
value"Armor of the SH-3 provides protection against small arms fire and artillery shell splinters."
name"Applique Armor"
value"INA"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No"
name"Active Protection System"
value"No"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"No"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"No"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"INA"
variants
name"Type 89"
notes"The Type 89/PLZ-89 is a 122 mm self-propelled howitzer used by the People's Liberation Army of China to replace Type 85 and Type 70 122 mm self-propelled howitzer. PLZ-89 was first unveiled to the public during 1999 National Day military parade."
name"PLZ-07"
notes"is a successor of the Type 89. This artillery system is widely used by the China's army. It utilizes a similar 122 mm howitzer, but has a new tracked chassis. It has greater mobility, improved fire control system and delivers greater firepower than its predecessor. This artillery system was adopted by the Chinese army in the late 2000s and is fielded in large numbers."
name"PLZ-07B i"
notes"is a version of the PLZ-07, developed for China's marine corps. This artillery system is fully-amphibious and can be launched at sea from amphibious assault ships and swim over short distances to shore."
type"WEG"
version1
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