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9K31 Strela-1 (SA-9 Gaskin) Russian 4x4 Infrared Guided Surface-to-Air Missile System

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categories
"WEG"
"Air Defense"
"Infrared/Command Guidance Missile Systems"
"Short-Range Missile Systems (Less than 30 km)"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Angola"
"PRO_Armenia"
"PRO_Benin"
"PRO_Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"PRO_Bulgaria"
"PRO_Croatia"
"PRO_Cuba"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Ethiopia"
"PRO_Hungary"
"PRO_India"
"PRO_Libya"
"PRO_Mauritania"
"PRO_Mongolia"
"PRO_Mozambique"
"PRO_Nicaragua"
"PRO_Romania"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Serbia"
"PRO_Syria"
"PRO_Uganda"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"PRO_Yemen"
"Air"
"Tier4"
notes"The 9K31 Strela-1 (SA-9 Gaskin) Russian 4x4 Infrared Guided Surface-to-Air Missile System is a highly mobile, short-range, low altitude infra-red guided surface-to-air missile system. Originally developed by the Soviet Union under the GRAU designation 9K31, it is commonly known by its NATO reporting name, SA-9 "Gaskin". The system consists of a BRDM-2 amphibious vehicle, mounting two pairs of ready-to-fire 9M31 missiles. The 9K31 is based on the BRDM-2 4x4 chassis. The driver and commander are seated in the front and the gunner in the turret. Up to four launch containers can be attached to the turret. During travel, the missiles are lowered. The 9K31 is a stand-alone system, but usually, it operates in pairs or groups of four. Target information is relayed by radio by other air defense systems. The turret is fitted with four 9M31 Strela-1 surface-to-air missiles with infrared guidance. The maximum effective range is 4.2 km and the maximum altitude is 3 km. Due to the limitations of the seeker the maximum range can only be achieved under favorable circumstances. Effectiveness during head-on engagements and at night is much reduced."
dateOfIntroduction1968
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cuba, Egypt, Ethiopia, Hungary, India, Libya, Mauritania, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Syria, Uganda, Ukraine, Viet Nam, Yemen"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Algeria"
"Angola"
"Armenia"
"Benin"
"Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"Bulgaria"
"Croatia"
"Cuba"
"Egypt"
"Ethiopia"
"Hungary"
"India"
"Libya"
"Mauritania"
"Mongolia"
"Mozambique"
"Nicaragua"
"Romania"
"Russian Federation"
"Serbia"
"Syria"
"Uganda"
"Ukraine"
"Viet Nam"
"Yemen"
dis
name"BRDM 2 SA 9 GASKIN"
string"01.01.222.028.012.002.000"
images
"9K31_Strela_1_(SA_9_Gaskin)_(BB).jpg"
"9K31_Strela_1_(SA_9_Gaskin)_(AA).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designations"
value"9K31 Strela-1; NATO: SA-9 Gaskin"
name"Type"
value"Infrared Guided Surface-to-Air Missile System"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Soviet state factories"
name"Chassis"
value"BRDM-2"
name"Configuration"
value"4x4"
name"Crew"
value"3 (commander, gunner and driver)"
name"C2 System"
value"The complex is supported by the BTR-60PU-12 command vehicle."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"5.8"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"2.4"
units"m"
name"Height, while Traveling"
value"2.3"
units"m"
name"Wheelbase"
value"3.1"
units"m"
name"Weight"
value"7,000"
units"kg"
name"Ground Clearance"
value"0.43"
units"m"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"GAZ 41"
name"Engine Type"
value"V-8 water-cooled petrol"
name"Engine Power"
value"140 hp at 3,400 rpm"
name"Power-to-Weight Ratio"
value"20 hp/t"
name"Fuel Capacity"
value"290 Liters"
name"Maximum Land Speed"
value"100 km/h"
name"Maximum Amphibious Speed"
value"10 km/h"
name"Range"
value"650 km"
name"Gradient"
value"60%"
name"Vertical Obstacle"
value"0.4 m"
name"Trench"
value"1.2 m"
name"Main Weapon System"
properties
name"Launch Vehicle Name"
value"9M31 Launch Vehicle"
name"Missile Name"
value"Strela-1"
name"Length"
value"1.803 m"
name"Diameter"
value"120 mm"
name"Weight"
value"30 kg"
name"Engine"
value"single stage, solid propellant"
name"Guidance System"
value"IR"
name"Fuze"
value"radar, proximity"
name"Warhead"
value"3 kg (6.00 lb) (est.) HE blast fragmentation"
name"Elevation"
value"+80° (1422mils)/-20° (-356mils)"
name"Traverse"
value"360°"
name"Maximum Speed"
value"1,800 km/h"
name"Maximum Range"
value"4.2 km"
name"Minimum Range"
value"1.0 km"
name"Maximum Altitude"
value"3,000 m"
name"Minimum Altitude"
value"50 m"
name"Basic Load"
value"6 x hull mounted SA-9 SAM Missiles"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Sights with Magnification"
value"INA"
name"Elecro-optical/ Infrared System"
value"Day Range (m): 6,500 Night Range (m): 2,000 tail chase only"
name"Navigation"
value"Inertial"
name"IFF"
value"INA"
name"RF Direction-Finder"
value"The FLAT BOX-A passive system uses several Pelengator sensors mounted on the vehicle to detect aircraft navigation signals for early warning and DF of approach azimuth. Detection range is up to 30 km. Many forces with this older air defense system are not proficient in using the RF DF system."
name"Guidance Systemm"
value"Infrared homing"
name"Associated Vehicle Radar System"
properties
name"Name"
value"PPRU-1/Ovod AD ACV"
name"Chassis"
value"MTLB-U"
name"Radar"
value"DOG EAR (use in OPFOR units)"
name"Function"
value"Target Acquisition"
name"Frequency"
value"F/G band"
name"Range"
value"80 detection, 35 tracking"
name"Other Radars"
value"The SA-9 can also link to the IADS to get analog AD data and warnings."
name"Radar: Gundish"
value"In the earlier unit configuration, an SA-9 platoon is employed in an AD battery/ battalion with ZSU-23-4 SPAA guns. The radar on those systems supports the SA-9 platoon by providing detection and warning. Some of the users employ truck-mounted J-band GUN DISH acquisition radar in the platoons, instead of the Pelengator system."
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor Type"
value"5-14"
units"mm"
name"Turret Armor"
value"INA"
name"Applique Armor"
value"No"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No"
name"Active Protection System"
value"No"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"No"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"No"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes"
name"Smoke Protection"
value"INA"
variants
name"9K31 Strela-1"
notes"The 9K31 Strela-1 is a short-range missile-based air defence system designed to provide protection for an armoured force during combat or marches. It consists of the 9P31 launch vehicle, which is based on the BRDM-2, as well as a launch vehicle fitted with radar and a separate command vehicle."
name"9K31M Strela-1M"
notes"The Strela-1M was introduced in 1970 in an effort to improve the performance of the Soviet systems to provide greater guarantees of a successful engagement."
type"WEG"
version1
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