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9K34 Strela-3 (SA-14 Gremlin) Russian Man-Portable Air Defense Missile System (MANPADS)

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tiers
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false
true
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categories
"WEG"
"Air Defense"
"Man-Portable Air-Defense Systems (MANPADS)"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Afghanistan"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Angola"
"PRO_Armenia"
"PRO_Azerbaijan"
"PRO_Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"PRO_Bulgaria"
"PRO_Cambodia"
"PRO_Croatia"
"PRO_Cuba"
"PRO_Cyprus"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Ethiopia"
"PRO_Georgia"
"PRO_Ghana"
"PRO_Indonesia"
"PRO_Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"PRO_Iraq"
"PRO_Jordan"
"PRO_Kazakhstan"
"PRO_Kurdistan"
"PRO_Laos (People's Democratic Republic)"
"PRO_Lebanon"
"PRO_Libya"
"PRO_Morocco"
"PRO_Myanmar"
"PRO_Nicaragua"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_Peru"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Serbia"
"PRO_Sierra Leone"
"PRO_Sudan"
"PRO_Turkmenistan"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_Viet Nam"
"Air"
"Tier3"
notes"The 9K34 Strela-3, NATO reporting name: SA-14 Gremlin is a man-portable air defense missile system (MANPADS) developed in the Soviet Union as a response to the poor performance of the earlier 9K32 Strela 2 (SA-7 Grail) system. The missile was largely based on the earlier Strela 2, and thus development proceeded rapidly. The new weapon was accepted into service in the Soviet Army in January 1974. The most significant change over the Strela 2 was the introduction of an all-new infra-red homing seeker head. The new seeker worked on FM modulation (con-scan) principle, which is less vulnerable to jamming and decoy flares than the earlier AM (spin-scan) seekers, which were easily fooled by flares and even the most primitive infrared jammers. The new seeker also introduced detector element cooling in the form of a pressurized nitrogen bottle attached to the launcher. The effect of cooling was to expand the seeker's lead sulphide detector element's sensitivity range to longer wavelengths (slightly over 4 µm as opposed to 2.8 µm of uncooled PbS elements). In practice this made possible the tracking of cooler targets over longer ranges, and enabled forward-hemisphere engagement of jets under favourable circumstances. The seeker also had better tracking rate, enabling the missile to track maneuvering of fast and approaching targets. A negative side effect from the aforementioned improvements was increased missile weight, which caused a slight decrease in the kinematic performance of the original Strela-2 (SA-7). Against relatively slow, low-altitude battlefield air threats the overall effectiveness was much improved. Strela-3 missiles have been exported to over 30 countries. The original Strela-3 missile was the 9M36. The follow-on to the Strela-3 was Igla. The naval version of this missile has the NATO reporting name of SA-N-8."
dateOfIntroduction1974
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Egypt, Ethiopia, Georgia, Ghana, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kurdistan, Laos (People's Democratic Republic), Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Myanmar, Nicaragua, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Pakistan, Peru, Russian Federation, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Viet Nam"
selectedregions
Empty array
checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Afghanistan"
"Algeria"
"Angola"
"Armenia"
"Azerbaijan"
"Bosnia and Herzegovina"
"Bulgaria"
"Cambodia"
"Croatia"
"Cuba"
"Cyprus"
"Egypt"
"Ethiopia"
"Georgia"
"Ghana"
"Indonesia"
"Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"Iraq"
"Jordan"
"Kazakhstan"
"Kurdistan"
"Laos (People's Democratic Republic)"
"Lebanon"
"Libya"
"Morocco"
"Myanmar"
"Nicaragua"
"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"Pakistan"
"Peru"
"Russian Federation"
"Serbia"
"Sierra Leone"
"Sudan"
"Turkmenistan"
"Ukraine"
"Viet Nam"
dis
name"RUS SA14 GREMLIN"
string"03.01.222.011.085.021.000"
images
"SA-14_(C).jpg"
"SA-14_(B).jpg"
"SA-14_(A).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designations"
value"9K34 Strela-3; NATO: SA-14 Gremlin; CSA-14"
name"Type"
value"Man-Portable Air Defense Missile System (MANPADS)"
name"Description"
value"The 9K34 Strela-3, NATO reporting name: SA-14 Gremlin) is a man-portable air defense missile system (MANPADS) developed in the Soviet Union as a response to the poor performance of the earlier 9K32 Strela 2 (SA-7 Grail) system."
name"Crew"
value"1, Normally 2 with a loader"
name"Armament"
properties
name"Launcher Name"
value"9K34 Strela-3 (SA-14 Gremlin)"
name"Missile Name"
value"9M36 or 9M36-1"
name"Length"
value"1.4"
units"m"
name"Diameter"
value"75"
units"mm"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"1.0"
units"kg"
name"Weight"
value"10.3"
units"kg"
name"Reaction Time"
value"25"
units"sec"
name"Fire on the Move"
value"Yes, in short halt"
name"Max Range"
value"6,000"
units"m"
name"Min Range"
value"600"
units"m"
name"Max Altitude"
value"6,000"
units"m"
name"Min Altitude"
value"10; 0 with degraded Ph"
units"m"
name"Fin Span"
value"INA"
name"Missile Speed"
value"600"
units"m/s"
name"Propulsion"
value"2-stage solid-propellant rocket"
name"Guidance"
value"1-color passive IR homing"
name"Seeker Field of View"
value"INA"
name"Tracking Rate"
value"INA"
name"Warhead Type"
value"Frag-HE"
name"Fuze Type"
value"Contact/grazing"
name"Probability of Hit"
value"50 FW/50 heli"
units"Ph%"
name"Weapons and Ammunition Types"
properties
name"Ready missiles"
value"Typical Combat Load One-man 1 Normal Dismount 2 From AD Vehicle 5"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Sights with magnification"
value"Launch tube has simple sights"
name"Gunner"
value"INA"
name"Gunner Field of View"
value"INA"
name"Gunner Acquisition Range"
value"INA"
name"Gunner Night Sight"
value"None standard, but available"
name"Acquisition Range"
value"6,000"
name"IFF"
value"Yes"
type"WEG"
version1
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