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9K37 Buk-M1 (SA-11 Gadfly) Russian Medium-Range Surface-to-Air Missile System

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tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Air Defense"
"Radar Guided Missile Systems"
"Medium-Range Missile Systems"
"Russia (RUS)"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_Azerbaijan"
"PRO_Belarus"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Egypt"
"PRO_Georgia"
"PRO_India"
"PRO_Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"PRO_Kazakhstan"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"PRO_Pakistan"
"PRO_Russian Federation"
"PRO_Ukraine"
"PRO_Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
"Air"
"Tier3"
notes"The BUK-M1 (NATO reporting name: SA-11 Gadfly) missile system is a self-propelled, medium-range surface-to-air missile system developed by the Russian defense industry. The SA-11 Gadfly is intended to defeat tactical and strategic aircraft, cruise missiles, helicopters, and other aerodynamics targets throughout the entire range of their combat employment in severe ECM environment, as well as Lance-type tactical ballistic missile, HARM-type antiradar missiles, and other airborne and ground-based high precision weapons and to engage waterborne and radio-contrast ground targets. The first version of BUK-M1 adopted into service carried the GRAU designation 9K37 and was identified in the west with the NATO reporting name "SA-11 Gadfly". Since its initial introduction into service, the BUK-M1 missile system has been continually upgraded and refined with the latest incarnation carrying the designation 9K37M2 "BUK-M2". SA-11 Gadfly battery requires 5 minutes to set up before it is ready for engagement and can be ready for transit again in 5 minutes. The reaction time of the battery from target tracking to missile launch is around 22 seconds"
dateOfIntroduction1979
countryOfOrigin"Russia (RUS)"
proliferation"Algeria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Egypt, Georgia, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Kazakhstan, North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Pakistan, Russian Federation, Ukraine, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Algeria"
"Azerbaijan"
"Belarus"
"China"
"Egypt"
"Georgia"
"India"
"Iran (Islamic Republic of)"
"Kazakhstan"
"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"Pakistan"
"Russian Federation"
"Ukraine"
"Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)"
dis
name"LCHR 9A310M1 SA 11 GADFLY TELAR TRKD"
string"01.01.222.028.008.002.000"
images
"9K37_Buk_(SA-11_Gadfly)(E).jpg"
"9K37_Buk_(SA-11_Gadfly)(D).jpg"
"9K37_Buk_(SA-11_Gadfly)(C).jpg"
"9K37_Buk_(SA-11_Gadfly)(B).jpg"
"9K37_Buk_(SA-11_Gadfly)(A).jpg"
"Buk_(A).jpg"
"Buk_(B).jpg"
"Buk_(C).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation "
value"Buk-M1, Gang; For Hybrid Threat Buk-M1 is a Tier 2 system."
name"Type"
value"Medium-Range Surface-to-Air Missile System"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Almaz-Antey"
name"Description"
value"Brigade assets include bde/btry CPs and radars, TELARs, launcher-loaders, TM-9T229 missile transporter, maintenance and test units. The 6 batteries have 1 TELAR and 1 LL each. "
name"Target"
value"FW, heli, CM, UAV, guided bomb, artillery rocket, ground targets, ships "
name"Crew"
value"4"
units"ea"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"9.3"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"3.25"
units"m"
name"Height"
value"3.8"
units"m"
name"Weight"
value"34"
units"tons"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"INA"
name"Engine Type"
value"Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"710"
units"hp"
name"Maximum Range, Road"
value"500"
units"km"
name"Maximum Speed"
value"65"
units"km/h"
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Side Slope"
value"30"
units"%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"1"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"1.5"
units"m"
name"Fording"
value"1"
units"m"
name"Main Weapon System"
sections
name"Launcher"
properties
name"Name"
value"9A39M1 TEL/Transloader"
name"Displacement Time "
value"5.0"
units"min"
name"Emplace Time, Reposition "
value"20 seconds for a 100-200 m survivability move"
name"Emplacement Time "
value"5.0"
units"min"
name"Fire on Move"
value"No"
name"Reaction Time "
value"0.25-0.5; 0.1 for low-flyers"
units"min"
name"Reload Time "
value"12.0"
units"min"
name"Simultaneous Missiles"
value"1 (targets per launcher); 2 (missiles per launcher)"
name"Time Between Launches "
value"3.0"
units"sec"
name"Combat Load, per Launcher"
value"4.0"
units"ea"
name"Missile"
properties
name"Name"
value"9M38M1 Missile"
name"Length "
value"5.55"
units"m"
name"Diameter "
value"400"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"690"
units"kg"
name"Warhead Type"
value"Frag HE"
name"Fuze Type"
value"Proximity RF"
name"Guidance System"
value"RF command, inertial correction, semi-active radar homing"
name"Maximum Range"
value"34 km"
name"Minimum Range"
value"3.25 km"
name"Intercept Altitude"
value"30 m - 22 km"
name"Lethal Radius "
value"17"
units"m"
name"Probability of Hit Fixed Wing and Helicopter"
value"80%"
name"Propulsion"
value"Solid fuel"
name"Simultaneous Missiles"
value"2 per target"
name"Speed, Maximum Missile"
value"1,200"
units"m/s"
name"Speed, Maximum Target "
value"830"
units"m/s"
name"Combat Load "
value"4 rounds (TELAR), 8 (launcher-loaders)"
name"Note"
value"An upgraded missile, designated Buk-M1-2 (9M38M2), has a launch weight of 710 kg, and is reported to have a maximum range increased to 45 km and a maximum intercept altitude increased to 25 km. This version has a range against surface targets of 40 km and uses the same missile used in the initial Buk-2M (SA-17 'Grizzly') system."
name"Fire Control Systems"
sections
name"C2 Vehicle"
properties
name"Name"
value"9S470M1"
name"Function"
value"Battery Command Post"
name"Data Link "
value"Wire and radio AD net, to IADS net, and to SA- 10/Osnova"
name"Targets Tracked"
value"15 (with 6 at TELs)"
name"Radar #1"
properties
name"Name"
value"9S35 Fire Dome Radar"
name"Function"
value"Dual (acquisition and fire control)"
name"Detection Range "
value"80 km (2 m2), 100 km (3m2)"
units"km"
name"Frequency "
value"6-10 GHz (H/I band)"
name"Guidance Range "
value"42 km"
name"Other Assets"
value"SA-11 digitally links to the IADS (e.g., aircraft, intel , and other SAM units. SA- 10/20/11 FO radars share data with other units in the IADS net. Other assets are FOs and ELINT, e.g., Orion. "
name"Targets Tracked"
value"1 per SPL vehicle"
name"Note"
value"The 9S35 Fire Dome provides a limited search and acquisition capability, a tracking capability and CW illumination for terminal guidance of the semi-active homing SAM seekers. It incorporates an IFF interrogator, optical tracker, datalink, and is powered by the TELAR's gas turbine generator. A shared antenna is employed for two X-band transmit/receive channels. These respectively provide a pulsed mode for search and track functions, with linear chirp for compression, and a CW mode for illumination. Monopulse angle tracking is employed for jam resistance. For target tracking the antenna and feed system provide a mainlobe with 2.5° width in azimuth and 1.3° in elevation. For CW illumination the antenna and feed system provide a mainlobe with 1.4° width in azimuth and 2.65° in elevation. Operating autonomously, the 9S35 will take 4 seconds to sweep a 120° sector, with an elevation of 6° to 7°. When cued to acquire and track, with will take 2 seconds to sweep a 10° x 7° az/elev solid angle. Average power output in pulsed tracking modes varies between 0.5 and 1 kiloWatt, with CW illumination at 2 kiloWatts. The search and monopulse angle tracking receivers are both rated at a Noise Figure of NF=10 dB. The range error is cited at 175 metres, the angular error at less than 1°. The radar can switch from standby mode to combat operation in twenty seconds."
name"Radar #2"
properties
name"Name"
value"9S18M1 SNOW DRIFT"
name"Description"
value"Armored tracked chassis w/ phased array radar and dipole antenna"
name"Azimuth Coverage "
value"360 deg with rotation"
name"Type"
value"Spoon Rest"
name"Detection Altitude"
value"25"
units"km"
name"Detection Range "
value"100-150"
units"km"
name"Displacement Time"
value"5"
units"min"
name"Emplacement Time "
value"5"
units"min"
name"Frequency"
value"Centimetric 3-D phased array"
name"Function"
value"Battery target acquisition radar"
name"Other Radars"
value"Regiment/Bde will have"
name"Targets Tracked"
value"75"
units"ea"
name"Sights"
properties
name"Acquisition Range "
value"20"
units"km"
name"Type"
value"TV optial auto-tracker"
properties
name"Navigation System"
value"Yes"
name"Notes"
value"Use of LLs is transforming SA-11 units. They appear to be updated and modified SA-6 TELs (2P25s), economically converted to expand the unit missile load, yet requiring SA- 11 batteries to have only one expensive TELAR. Thus the force can expand with existing stocks of SA-6. "
name"Protection"
properties
name"Armor Protection"
value"INA"
name"NBC Protection"
value"INA"
variants
name"9K37 Buk"
notes"The 9K37 Buk (NATO: SA-11 Gadfly) was the baseline variant of the Buk family of medium-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems. It was developed by NIIP Tikhomirov (now a subsidiary of the Almaz-Antey Concern) as a replacement for the 2K12 Kub (SA-6 Gainful) SAM system."
name"9K37M1 Buk-M1"
notes"The Buk-M1 is the first variant of Buk that was known to be adopted in meaningful quantities, as the earlier 9K37 Buk was already earmarked for modernization by the Soviet leadership before it had entered service."
name"9K37M1-2 Buk-M1-2"
notes"The Buk-M1-2 is a modernised variant of the Buk-M1 system, which emerged shortly after the break-up of the Soviet Union."
name"Buk-MB"
notes"The Buk-MB is an upgraded variant of the Buk-M1 that was developed in Belarus by the State Scientific Production Association ‘Agat’ as an upgrade package to modernize Belarus’ existing fleet of Buk-M1."
name"9K317 Buk-M2"
notes"The Buk-M2 is a deep modernization of the Buk-M1 system which entered service with the Russian Armed Forces in 2008."
name"9K317E Buk-M2E"
notes"The Buk-M2E is the export variant of the Buk-M2 system and has been offered for export since at least 2007. As with the domestic Buk-M2 variant, the Buk-M2E TELARs are provided with improved fire control radars that allow the engagement of more simultaneous targets than earlier Buk variants, and it is also solely equipped with the 9M317 missiles rather than the 9M38M1 missiles used by earlier Buk systems."
name"9K317EK Buk-M2EK"
notes"The Buk-M2EK is the wheeled variant of the Buk-M2E system and is aimed at export customers that have a requirement for a wheeled system."
name"Ra’ad 2"
notes"The Ra’ad 2 is an Iranian domestically-developed copy of the Buk-M1 using a wheeled vehicle chassis that strongly resembles the MZKT-6922 6 × 6 developed by the Minsk Wheeled Tractor Plant (Volat)."
name"9K317M Buk-M3"
notes"The Buk-M3 complex is a deeply modernized variant of the Buk-M2 and was developed to replace it within the Russian Air Defense forces (PVO)."
name"9K317ME Viking"
notes"Viking is the export variant of the Buk M3 complex and is composed of a large number of vehicles."
name"Buk-MB3K"
notes"The Buk-MB3K is a modernized and wheeled variant of the Buk family, developed in Belarus by NPOOO OKB TSP primarily as an export offering, but also possibly as a solution for Belarus’ requirement for a Buk-MB replacement."
name"Yermak"
notes"Yermak is a developmental future mobile medium-range air-defense complex that is being developed by NIIP Tikhomirov (part of the Almaz-Antey Concern) as a further continuation of the Buk family beyond the M3 variant."
type"WEG"
version1
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