WEG MediaWiki

M1985 North Korean 240mm Multiple Launch Rocket System

From WEG MediaWiki
tiers
false
false
true
false
categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Rocket Artillery Systems"
"Light Rocket Systems (Up to 50 km)"
"Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
"Land"
"Tier3"
"Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North"
"Land"
"PRO_North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
notes"The North Koreans have produced two different 240mm rocket launchers, the 12 round M-1985 and 22 round M-1991. The M-1985 rocket pack is easily identified as it has 2 rows of 6 tubes and is mounted on a cab behind engine chassis. The M-1991 is mounted on a cab over engine chassis. Both launch packs could be adapted to any suitable heavy cross-country truck. In the fall of 1993, in a conversation with the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army (Research and Technology), the Commander-in-Chief, Combined Forces Command (CINC CFC) stated that the North Korean 240mm Multiple Rocket Launchers (MRLs) posed a significant psychological and political threat to South Korea and the CFC. This weapon poses a significant threat, in that a very large number of 240mm MRLs are poised north of the demilitarized zone (DMZ) and are targeted toward South Korean urban areas and military targets. According to some reports, the DPRK has about 200 of these launchers in service. North Korea continues to improve its military. Highlighting these enhancements is an ambitious program to improve ground forces capabilities. A key component of this initiative involves the deployment of large numbers of long-range 240mm multiple rocket launcher systems and 170mm self-propelled guns to hardened sites located near the Demilitarized Zone. According to one report, a South Korean security analyst suggested that DPRK artillery pieces of calibers 170mm and 240mm "could fire 10,000 rounds per minute to Seoul and its environs." North Korea has about 500 long-range artillery tubes within range of Seoul, and the total rate of fire of thjese artillery pieces would be between 2,000 and 4,000 rounds per minute. The DPRK's two hundred 240mm MRLs fire either 12 or 22 rounds, providing a maximum single salvo of no more than 4,400 rounds. These launchers can fire a first strike of many thousands of missiles and return in a few minutes to protected caves or to alternate firing positions. The MRLs move out from underground facilities (UGFs), fire from preplanned firing positions, and return to the UGFs. Examination of the available data on the UGF sites suggests that a number of possible "exit and return" methods for the MRLs may be possible. In this case, the launchers move directly from the firing points to the UGFs. This procedure makes it difficult to target the launchers, because once they fire it only takes 75 seconds to return to their UGFs. The MRLs can fire their complete set of rockets in 44 seconds. Data from the Joint Precision Strike Demonstration Project Office indicates that the crew then needs two minutes to lower the launcher, raise the stabilizing pads, and quickly return to the UGF. This gives a total exposure time of 164 seconds. However, it is possible that the MRLs could displace faster than the JSPD case or that they might take longer."
dateOfIntroduction1985
countryOfOrigin"Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North"
proliferation"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)"
dis
name"240MM SP MRL M1985"
string"01.01.119.004.002.001.000"
images
"M1985MRL(A).jpg"
"M1985MRL(B).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"M1985"
name"Type"
value"240mm Multiple launch rocket system"
name"Crew"
value"5"
units"ea"
name"Chassis"
value"The M1985 MLRS is based on a Japanese Isuzu 6x6 truck. The same chassis is used for the North Korean 122 mm MLRS. This launcher pack can be also adapted to any suitable cross-country truck."
name"Displacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"10.5"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"3..3"
units"m"
name"Height"
value"2.6"
units"m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"15 tons"
name"Ground Pressure"
value"INA"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"INA"
name"Engine Type"
value"Diesel"
name"Engine Power"
value"INA"
name"Range"
value"600"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"60"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"INA"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"Not Amphibious"
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Side Slope"
value"30"
units"%"
name"Vertical Step"
value"0.6"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"1.2"
units"m"
name"Fording"
value"1.2"
units"m"
name"Main Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"M1985"
name"Type"
value"Multiple launch rocket system"
name"Number of Tubes"
value"12"
name"Firing Range"
value"43 km"
name"Full Salvo Duration"
value"48 - 96 s"
name"Reloading Time"
value"INA"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Spin-Stabilized Rocket"
name"Caliber"
value"240"
units"mm"
name"Rocket Length"
value"INA"
name"Rocket Weight"
value"407 kg"
name"Warhead Weight"
value"90 kg"
name"Basic Load"
value"INA"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"INA"
name"Direct Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Indirect Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"Four manually-operated stabilizing jacks have to be lowered, prior to the rockets being launched."
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"INA"
name"Applique Armor"
value"No"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No"
name"Active Protection System"
value"No"
name"NBC Protection"
value"INA"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"INA"
variants
name"Fadjr 3"
notes"Is an Iranian artillery rocket system, similar to the M1985. Iran have taken delivery of 9 M1985 artillery rocket systems from North Korea, based on the Isuzu 6x6 truck. It is understood that production technology has also been transferred to Iran. Iranian-built vehicles were based on a commercially available Mercedes-Benz truck chassis with 6x6 configuration. Production reportedly commenced in the 1990s."
name"M1991"
notes"A more powerful North Korean artillery rocket system, fitted with 22 tubes for 240 mm rockets."
type"WEG"
version1
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