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PLZ-45 (Type 88) Chinese 155mm Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)

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tiers
false
true
false
false
categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"Self-Propelled Gun/Howitzer Artillery Systems"
"China, People's Republic of"
"PRO_Algeria"
"PRO_China"
"PRO_Ethiopia"
"PRO_Kuwait"
"PRO_Saudi Arabia"
"Land"
"Tier2"
notes"The PLZ-45 or Type 88 is a 155mm self-propelled howitzer developed by Norinco in the 1990s for the export market. It is based on Norinco's Type 89 (PLL01) 155mm/45-calibre towed gun-howitzer. The PLZ-45 self-propelled howitzer is used by the People's Liberation Army of China, People's National Army (Algeria), Kuwaiti Army and Saudi Arabian Army. Operated by a crew of five (commander, gunner, two loaders and a driver), the PLZ-45 is armed with a 155mm, 45-calibre main gun, with a semi-automatic loader and an electrically controlled and hydraulically operated ram that enables projectile loading to take place at any angle of elevation with the charge being loaded manually. The turret has an elevation of +72 to -3 degrees with 360 degree traverse. Secondary weapons include a roof-mounted W-85 heavy machine gun and two sets of four-barrel smoke grenade launchers on the turret's side. Ammunition is stored at the rear of the turret. A total of 30 rounds for the gun-howitzer and 480 rounds for the machine gun are carried on board. 24 howitzer rounds are carried in the loader and 6 rounds on the right side below the loader. The fire-control system of the PLZ-45 includes an automatic laying system, optical sighting system, gun orientation and navigation system, and a GPS receiver."
dateOfIntroduction1997
countryOfOrigin"China, People's Republic of"
proliferation"Algeria, China, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"Algeria"
"China"
"Ethiopia"
"Kuwait"
"Saudi Arabia"
dis
name"HOW SP PLZ 45 TRKD 155MM"
string"01.01.045.004.023.000.000"
images
"PLZ-45How(B).jpg"
"PLZ-45How(A).jpg"
"PLZ-45_(C).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"PLZ-45, Type 88"
name"Type"
value"Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)"
name"Caliber"
value"155mm"
name"Manufacturer"
value"NORINCO"
name"Expected Out of Service Date"
value"2040"
name"Status"
value"In Production"
name"Family"
value"PLZ"
name"Crew"
value"5"
units"ea"
name"Chassis"
value"Turreted tracked chassis."
name"Displacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Day Periscopes"
value"2"
units"ea"
name"Cruising Range (Road)"
value"450"
units"km"
name"Maximum Effective Range (Howitzer)"
value"50,000"
units"m"
name"Note"
value"A standard PLZ-45 battalion consists of 3 batteries, each with 6 PLZ-45 self-propelled howitzers (SPH) and 6 PCZ-45 ammunition support vehicles (ASV). Each battery has a battery command post and 3 battery reconnaissance vehicles (BRV), both of which are based on the Type 85 APC. These are supported by W653A armored recovery vehicles, 704-1 artillery locating and fire correction radar, 702-D meteorological radar, and fire support maintenance vehicles"
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length, Overall"
value"10.52 m"
name"Length, Hull"
value"6.1 m"
name"Width"
value"3.3 m"
name"Height, to Turret Roof"
value"2.6 m"
name"Height, to Top of Roof Mounted Weapon"
value"3.52 m"
name"Height, Axis of Fire"
value"2.16 m"
name"Weight, Standard"
value"29,000 kg"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"33,000 kg"
name"Ground Clearance"
value"0.45 m"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"Deutz BF12 L413FC"
name"Engine Type"
value"Turbocharged air-cooled diesel engine"
name"Engine Power"
value"525"
units"hp"
name"Power-to-Weight Ratio"
value"16.40 hp/t"
name"Range"
value"450"
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"55"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"50"
units"km/h"
name"Speed Maximum Swim"
value"Not Amphibious"
name"Suspension"
value"Torsion Bar"
name"Fording Depth"
value"INA"
units"m"
name"Gradient"
value"58%"
name"Side Slope"
value"47%"
name"Vertical Obstacle"
value"0.7 m"
name"Communications"
sections
name"TBR-142"
properties
name"VHF FM Transceiver"
value"Yes, TBR-142(I)"
name"VHF Range"
value"1 to 50"
units"km"
name"Megahertz"
value"40.000 to 59.975"
units"MHz"
name"Output Power"
value"1 to 0.3"
units"Watts"
name"Power"
value"12V Ni-Ca Rechargeable Battery or external 12V DC power source"
name"Dimensions"
value"217x135x58"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"2.7"
units"kg"
name"Antennas"
value"3 Total: a 1.3m whip antenna, a 0.3m short antenna, and a 10m wire antenna"
name"Proliferated"
value"Widely with Artillery/Gun/Missile/Reconnaissance/C2 Units"
name"Control Device"
value"TBR-142(II)"
name"Multi-function Field Phone"
value"TBR-142(IIID)"
name"Anti-Aircraft Control Unit"
value"TBR-142(IIIG)"
name"ZXY88-200 C2 Capable"
value"Yes"
name"Messaging"
value"Limited Capability"
name"Amplifier"
value"Available"
name"Physical Conditions Limitations"
value"Terrain and Weather favorable"
name"Main Gun"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 × turret mounted 155mm howitzer"
name"Type"
value"Self-Propelled Howitzer (SPH)"
name"Caliber"
value"155mm"
name"Loader Type"
value"semi-automatic loader"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"5"
units"rds/min"
name"Sustain Rate of Fire"
value"2"
units"rds/min"
name"Time the Max Rate of Fire can be Sustained"
value"INA"
name"Projectile Laying System"
value"Automatic"
name"Max Elevation"
value"+72"
units"deg"
name"Min Elevation"
value"-3"
units"deg"
name"Traverse Left (Normal Operations)"
value"30"
units"def"
name"Traverse Right (Normal Operations)"
value"30"
units"deg"
name"Traverse"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Range Finder Type"
value"Inertial direction-finder"
name"Control Type"
value"Electric and hydraulically operated rammer enabled projectiles"
name"Muzzle Velocity Measuring Device"
value"Yes"
name"Note"
value"The PLZ-45 can also fire NATO 155mm M107 Projectiles."
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Type"
value"High Explosive (HE)"
name"Caliber"
value"155"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"937"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"24"
units"km"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes"
name"Basic Load"
value"30 Total of any combination projectiles"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Type"
value"Extended Range Full Bore (ERFB)"
name"Caliber"
value"155"
units"mm"
name"Length"
value"938"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"45.54"
units"kg"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"897"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"30"
units"km"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes"
name"Basic Load"
value"30 Total of any combination projectiles"
name"Ammunition (Option 3)"
properties
name"Type"
value"Extended Range Full Bore, Hollow Base, Base Bleed (ERFB-HB-BB)"
name"Caliber"
value"155"
units"mm"
name"Length"
value"938"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"47.6"
units"kg"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"903"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"39"
units"km"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes"
name"Basic Load"
value"30 Total of any combination projectiles"
name"Ammunition (Option 4)"
properties
name"Type"
value"ERFB-WP"
name"Caliber"
value"155"
units"mm"
name"Length"
value"938"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"47.9"
units"kg"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"795.5"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"25"
units"km"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes"
name"Basic Load"
value"30 Total of any combination projectiles"
name"Ammunition (Option 5)"
properties
name"Type"
value"ERFB Ill"
name"Caliber"
value"155"
units"mm"
name"Length"
value"940"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"45.8"
units"kg"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"789.2"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"24"
units"km"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes"
name"Basic Load"
value"30 Total of any combination projectiles"
units"ea"
name"Ammunition (Option 6)"
properties
name"Type"
value"ERFB BE"
name"Caliber"
value"155"
units"mm"
name"Length"
value"940"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"45.7"
units"kg"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"974.5"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"26"
units"km"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes"
name"Basic Load"
value"30 Total of any combination projectiles"
name"Coaxial Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"1 x W-85 Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Type"
value"Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7 mm"
name"Max Rate of Fire"
value"600"
units"rds/min"
name"Sustain Rate of Fire"
value"550"
units"rds/min"
name"Time the Max Rate of Fire can be Sustained"
value"INA"
name"Range Finder Type"
value"Iron/Optical"
name"Basic Load"
value"1000 (50 round belts)"
name"Feed System"
value"Belt"
name"Operation"
value"Gas Operated, Open Belt"
name"Traverse"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Elevation"
value"+90"
units"deg"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Type 54 Round"
name"Caliber"
value"12.7 mm"
name"Cartridge"
value"12.7mm x 108mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"850"
units"m/s"
name"Effective Range"
value"2.5"
units"km"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes"
name"Basic Load"
value"480"
units"ea"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Yes"
name"Fire-Control Calculator (FCC)"
value"Enabled"
name"Thermal Sight Vehicle Commander"
value"Yes"
name"Thermal Sight Gunner"
value"Yes"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"Yes, two spades can be lowered at the rear of the hull, one either side and in line with the track"
name"Automatic Laying System"
value"Yes"
name"Optical sighting system"
value"Yes"
name"Navigation System"
value"Yes"
name"GPS Receiver"
value"Yes"
name"Direct Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Indirect Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Automatic Fire Suppression Systems"
value"Yes"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"All-welded steel armor that can withstand small arms fire and shelling"
name"Turret Armor"
value"All-welded steel armor that can withstand small arms fire and shelling"
name"Applique Armor"
value"No"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"No, the PLZ-45 is not intended to be stationed near the front lines of the battlefield"
name"Active Protection System"
value"Yes, explosion detection"
name"Active Fire Suppression System"
value"Yes"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"No"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"No"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"INA"
name"IR Signature"
value"INA"
name"Grenade Launchers"
value"Yes, 2 sets of 4-barrel grenade launchers"
variants
name"PLZ-52"
notes"The PLZ-52 looks similar to the PLZ45 but is a more capable system with a longer 52-calibre barrel and better mobility."
type"WEG"
version1
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