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Type 86 Chinese 100mm Towed Anti-Tank Gun

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tiers
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categories
"WEG"
"Artillery"
"Anti-Tank Gun Systems"
"Tier4"
"China, People's Republic of"
"Land"
"PRO_China"
notes"The Type 86 is the 100mm towed antitank gun developed in the late 1980s based on the high-pressure 100mm smooth-bore gun technology and the two-wheel carriage of the Type 73 100mm towed antitank gun. NORINCO claimed that the Type 86 is capable of penetrating the frontal armor of the basic variant T-72 at a distance of 2,000m, and later improved variants could penetrate the T-72 and T-80 fitted with explosive reactive armor (ERA). The gun also outperforms Western 105mm tank guns. The Type 86 is in service with PLA motorized infantry divisions as the primary antitank artillery weapon. Description The Type 86 ordnance is smooth-bore and features a distinctive slotted muzzle brake. The breech mechanism has a vertical sliding block and the sighting mechanism is mounted to the left of the gun. The carriage uses split trails with a castor wheel on the left trail leg to assist in bringing the gun into action. A shield with sloping sides is fitted with an opening for the sight on the left side. Although the Type 86 is primarily an anti-tank weapon it can be used for the indirect fire role, even though the potential maximum range is limited by the maximum gun elevation of +38°. Maximum rate of fire is quoted as 8 to 10 rds/min. A night vision device for sighting purposes is available."
dateOfIntroduction1961
countryOfOrigin"China, People's Republic of"
proliferation"China"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"China"
dis
name"100MM ATG TYPE 86"
string"01.01.045.005.015.000.000"
images
"Type86antitankgun(A).jpg"
"Type86at_100mm1(B).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"Type 86"
name"Type"
value"Towed Anti-Tank Gun"
name"In Service"
value"1961-Present"
name"Crew"
value"6 (commander, driver, gunner, loader, 2 ammunition handlers)"
name"Displacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Emplacement Time"
value"INA"
name"Note"
value"Thanks to the redesigned carriage, which has a bigger wheel base, the MT-12 can be towed by the MT-LB, at speeds up to 60 km/h on road or 25 km/h cross-country."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"9,520"
units"mm"
name"Barrel Length"
value"54.5 caliber"
name"Width"
value"2120"
units"mm"
name"Height"
value"1,840"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"3,630 kg"
name"Main Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"Type 86"
name"Type"
value"Towed Anti-Tank Gun"
name"Caliber"
value"100"
units"mm"
name"Carriage"
value"INA"
name"Elevation"
value"−4° to +38°"
name"Traverse"
value"27° left or right"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"14 rpm (max possible) 10 rpm (max likely) 4 to 6 rpm (typical)"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1,610 m/s. Also See Ammunition Types"
name"Maximum Firing Range"
value"13,700 meters. Also See Ammunition Types"
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"Projectile"
name"Caliber"
value"100mm"
name"Shell"
value"Fixed QF 100 × 910 mmR"
name"Basic Load"
value"When the MT-LB is used as the transporter, 20 rounds are typically carried (10 APFSDS, 4 HE-Frag, 6 HEAT). Since the weapon is a smoothbore, all the ammunition is finned for accuracy during flight."
name"Ammunition Types"
value"The Type 86 fires the following types of 100 mm fixed ammunition: APFSDS Type 86 with a tungsten penetrator at a muzzle velocity of 1,610 m/s with an effective range of 1,800 m; when firing this round the maximum rate of fire is 4 to 5 rds/min APDS Type 73 with a tungsten penetrator at a muzzle velocity of 1,500 m/s with an effective range of 1,700 m HEAT Type 73 fin-stabilised projectile at a muzzle velocity of 1,010 m/s. APFSDS Type 73 with tungsten alloy penetrator with a maximum direct fire range of 1,700 m APFSDS Type 73 with the projectile having a length-to-diameter ratio of 13.3:1 and a maximum range in the direct fire role of 1,730 m HE Type 73 fin-stabilised projectile at a muzzle velocity of 900 m/s with a maximum range of 13,700 m. When firing these projectiles, the usual recoil length is between 1 and 1.14 m; maximum recoil length is 1.18 m. NORINCO is now marketing a 155 mm laser-guided artillery projectile and laser-guided (for example 105 mm) tank-launched projectiles. As far as it is known, no 100 mm laser-guided projectiles have been developed for this weapon. It is understood that these Chinese laser-guided anti-armour projectiles are based on Russian technology transfer."
name"Fire Control"
sections
name"Fire Control System"
properties
name"Name"
value"INA"
name"Computerized FCS"
value"No"
name"Direct Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Indirect Fire"
value"Yes"
name"Sights"
value"A night vision device for sighting purposes is available."
variants
name"A407"
notes"This artillery system was designed by Arsenal-Resita and is very similar to the MT-12. It can fire the same range of ammunition as the T-54/55 tank and has a maximum range of 2,200 m (HEAT) or 4,000 m (APC-T). Subversions are the A407M1 and the A407M2. In Romanian Army service, the A407 is known as the 100 mm anti-tank gun M1977 (Romanian: Tun antitanc calibrul 100-mm Model 1977) and is normally towed by the DAC 887R truck. It can also be towed with the DAC 665T truck. The Model 2002 is an improved version, fitted with the automatic fire control system TAT-100."
name"Type 73"
notes"This appears to be a copy of the Soviet T-12."
name"Type 86"
notes"This is a 100mm smoothbore anti-tank gun that has some similarities with the 85mm Type 56 (D-44). It fires ammunition of the fixed type, including the Type 73 HE, Type 73 HEAT, Type 73 APFSDS and Type 86 APFSDS to a maximum range of 1,800 m."
name"2A19 or T-12"
notes"2A19 or T-12 is a Soviet smoothbore 100-mm anti-tank gun, which served as the primary towed anti-tank artillery in the Soviet and Bulgarian armies from the early 1960s to the late 1980s."
type"WEG"
version1
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