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ZBD-05 (VN-18) Chinese Amphibious Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)

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tiers
false
true
false
false
categories
"WEG"
"Infantry Vehicles"
"Infantry Fighting Vehicles (IFVs)"
"Amphibious Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)"
"China, People's Republic of"
"PRO_China"
"Land"
"Tier2"
notes"The ZBD-05 (VN-18) is a Type 05 amphibious infantry fighting vehicle developed by Norinco for the People's Liberation Army. The Type 05 family is a collection of amphibious AFVs in service with China. The vehicles are designed to provide mobility comparable to an MBT on land as well as an amphibious function that performs much better than the average amphibious vehicle. The platforms are used by elements of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) as well as the PLA Navy (PLAN) to defend China’s coast and provide a capable military force that can rapidly respond to defense situations on the many islands that are close to China’s coast. The family includes ZBD-05 amphibious infantry fighting vehicle and ZTD-05 amphibious tank (assault gun) as well as several other variants including command vehicle and recovery vehicle. The vehicle could be launched at sea, from an amphibious assault ship over the horizon. It features a hydroplane, and a design concept that has been compared to the US canceled Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV) program."
dateOfIntroduction2006
countryOfOrigin"China, People's Republic of"
proliferation"China"
selectedregions
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checkedregions
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checkedcountries
"China"
dis
name"IFV ZBD 05 TRKD AMPHIB CLASS"
string"01.01.045.002.020.000.000"
images
"VN-18_(C).jpg"
"VN-18_(B).jpeg"
"VN-18_(A).jpeg"
"VN-18_(D).jpg"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternative Designation"
value"ZBD-05; VN-18; ZBD-2000; TD-05; PLZ-07B"
name"Type"
value"Amphibious Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)"
name"Estimated out of Service Date"
value"2055"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Norinco"
name"Family"
value"Type 05"
name"Crew"
value"3"
units"ea"
name"Troop Compartment Capacity"
value"11"
units"ea"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"500"
units"km"
name"Note"
value"The ZBD-05 (VN-18) Chinese Amphibious Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) has 2 x Four-pod 107 mm Obstacle Clearance Rocket tubes (to breach walls and similar structures)."
name"Dimensions"
properties
name"Length"
value"9.5"
units"m"
name"Width"
value"3.36"
units"m"
name"Height"
value"3.04"
units"m"
name"Weight, Combat"
value"26.5"
units"tons"
name"Ground Pressure"
value"INA"
name"Automotive"
properties
name"Engine Name"
value"INA"
name"Engine Type"
value"Four-stroke turbocharged water-cooled diesel"
name"Engine Power (Land)"
value"500"
units"hp"
name"Engine Power (Sea)"
value"1,577"
units"hp"
name"Transmission"
value"Machanical"
name"Cruising Range (Land)"
value"500"
units"km"
name"Cruising Range (Sea)"
value"INA, estimates have it going as far as 2/3 of it's land range."
units"km"
name"Speed, Maximum Road"
value"65"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Average Cross"
value"40"
units"km/h"
name"Speed, Maximum Swim"
value"25 (Wow that is fast for a IFV)"
units"km/h"
name"Tracks"
value"Racks are supported by two return rollers located between the first and last pairs of road wheels."
name"Suspension"
value"Hydropneumatic"
name"Wheels"
value"6, unevenly-spaced road wheels per side"
name"Gradient"
value"60"
units"%"
name"Vertical Obstacle"
value"0.6"
units"m"
name"Trench"
value"2.9"
units"m"
name"Fording Depth"
value"Amphibious"
name"Sea State Capable"
value"Sea State 4"
name"Buoyancy Reserve"
value"Yes"
name"Communications"
sections
name"TBR-121"
properties
name"VHF Transceiver"
value"Yes"
name"VHF Range"
value"1 to 50"
units"km"
name"Proliferated"
value"Widely"
name"Digital Data"
value"Yes, Full"
name"Control"
value"Self-Adaptive Control (Including Automatic Antenna Tuner)"
name"Frequency Agile"
value"Yes"
name"Wireless Network Capabilities"
value"Yes"
name"Note:"
value"Very similar in capabilities to the US SINCGARS ASIP"
properties
name"Blue Force Tracker"
value"Yes"
name"Main Gun"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Alternate Designation"
value"1 x Shipunov 2A42"
name"Type"
value"Autocannon"
name"Caliber"
value"30 mm"
name"Length, Total"
value"3.027"
units"m"
name"Length, Barrel"
value"2,416"
units"mm"
name"Weight"
value"115"
units"kg"
name"Action"
value"Gas Operated"
name"Barrels"
value"1"
units"ea"
name"Rate of Fire (Low)"
value"200-300"
units"rds/min"
name"Rate of Fire (High)"
value"550-800"
units"rds/min"
name"Elevation"
value"INA"
name"Traverse"
value"360"
units"deg"
name"Feed System"
value"Twin Feed"
name"Cage Cooling Sleeve"
value"Yes"
name"Ammunition (Option 1)"
properties
name"Type"
value"Armour Piercing Fin Stabilized Discarding Sabot with Tracer(APFSDS-T)"
name"Caliber"
value"30"
units"mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"1,275"
units"m/s"
name"Basic Load"
value"125"
units"rds"
name"Maximum Effective Range"
value"2,800"
units"m"
name"Min Range"
value"INA"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes"
name"Round Mass (Nominal)"
value"675"
units"g"
name"Projectile Mass (Nominal)"
value"220"
units"g"
name"Round Length"
value"280"
units"mm"
name"Cartridge Case"
value"Steel"
name"Primer"
value"Percussion cap"
name"Penetration at 1,000"
value">45mm RHA steel at 60° obliquity"
name"Dispersion"
value"0.45"
units"Mils"
name"Operational temperature"
value"-32°C to +62°C"
name"Ammunition (Option 2)"
properties
name"Type"
value"High Explosive Incendiary"
name"USSR Designation"
value"UOF-84"
name"Caliber"
value"30 mm"
name"Description"
value"Shell filled with 48,5g HEI, with A-670M fuze"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"960"
units"m/s"
name"Max Range"
value"5,000 m"
name"Min Range"
value"INA"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"Yes"
name"Weight, Bullet"
value"0.39"
units"kg"
name"Basic Load"
value"225"
units"ea"
properties
name"Turret Type"
value"2 x Person"
name"Coaxial Weapon System"
sections
name"System"
properties
name"Name"
value"Type 80 Chinese Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Manufacturer"
value"Norinco"
name"Type"
value"7.62 mm Heavy Machine Gun"
name"Length, Total"
value"1,192"
units"mm"
name"Length, Barrel"
value"658"
units"mm"
name"Diameter"
value"INA"
name"Action"
value"Gas Operated"
name"Rate of Fire"
value"700-800"
units"rds/min"
name"Feed System"
value"Belts in 100/200/250 round boxes"
name"Sights"
value"Open sights. Optical/Night vision scope can be outfitted."
name"Ammunition"
properties
name"Type"
value"7.62×54mmR"
name"Caliber"
value"7.62x54mm"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"840"
units"m/s"
name"Max Range"
value"100-1,500"
units"m"
name"Min Range"
value"100"
units"m"
name"Armor Penetration"
value"INA"
name"Basic Load"
value"Belts in 100/200/250 round boxes"
name"Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM)"
sections
name"HJ-73 Red Arrow ATGM (Option 1)"
properties
name"Name"
value"Red Arrow 73B"
name"Type"
value"Anti-Tank Missile System"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"120"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Range"
value"2,800"
units"m"
name"Warhead Type"
value"Tandem-HEAT"
name"Hit Probability"
value"90"
units"%"
name"Penetration Probability"
value"80"
units"%"
name"Penetration"
value"200 mm of RHA set at 68° and protected by ERA"
name"HJ-73 Red Arrow ATGM (Option 2)"
properties
name"Name"
value"Red Arrow 73D"
name"Type"
value"Anti-Tank Missile System"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"130"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Range"
value"2,800"
units"m"
name"Warhead Type"
value"Tandem-Heat"
name"Hit Probability"
value"90"
units"%"
name"Penetration Probability"
value"80"
units"%"
name"Penetration"
value"280 mm of RHA set at 68° and protected by ERA"
name"HJ-73 Red Arrow ATGM (Option 3)"
properties
name"Name"
value"Red Arrow 73E"
name"Type"
value"Anti-Tank Missile System"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"135"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Range"
value"3,000"
units"m"
name"Warhead Type"
value"Tandem-HEAT"
name"Hit Probability"
value"90"
units"%"
name"Penetration Probability"
value"80"
units"%"
name"Penetration"
value"300 mm of RHA set at 68° and protected by ERA"
name"HJ-73 Red Arrow ATGM (Option 4)"
properties
name"Name"
value"Red Arrow 73F"
name"Type"
value"Anti-Tank Missile System (Bunker Buster)"
name"Muzzle Velocity"
value"130"
units"m/s"
name"Maximum Range"
value"2,800"
units"m"
name"Warhead Type"
value"Fuel Air Explosive Warhead"
name"Hit Probability"
value"90"
units"%"
name"Penetration Probability"
value"80"
units"%"
name"Penetration"
value"300 mm of RHA set at 68° and protected by ERA"
properties
name"ATGM Type"
value"HJ-73 Red Arrow Anti-Tank Missile System"
name"Fire Control"
properties
name"Battle Management System"
value"Yes, fitted with the PLA’s version of a generic vehicle architecture (GVA) Battle Management System (BMS). The BMS provides the commander with a 3D map; this can be used to designate assault routes and targets, which are then distributed via data burst to other vehicles."
name"Computerized FCS"
value"Yes, the turret includes an FCS that accounts for the speed of the vehicle and distance to the target to provide ballistic solutions for the main gun."
name"Optics"
value"The commander and gunner are both provided with sights, but it is unclear if either of the sights are panoramic. They are protected by armored screens and the gunner’s sight includes a control channel for the HJ-73 missile system. Both commander and gunner also have a number of periscopes to improve situational awareness. From imagery, however, it appears that there are no periscopes facing the rear of the platform and it is unclear if a TV camera system is fitted to account for this shortfall."
name"Thermal (Vehicle Commander)"
value"Yes"
name"Thermal (Gunner)"
value"Yes"
name"Main Gun Stabilization"
value"Yes"
name"3D Map Display"
value"Yes, Standard"
name"Satellite Navigation System"
value"BeiDou Satellite, which also integrates with the vehicle’s digital radios to provide blue force tracking."
name"Laser Range Finder"
value"Yes"
name"Protection"
properties
name"Hull Armor"
value"The hull of the ZBD-05 is built from welded aluminum to which a modular spaced armor is added, assessed to be composite appliqué armor. At the front of the hull, the bow blade is placed along the glacis and belly plate to provide additional protection from ballistic threats. It is also possible that the front of the hull is used to house a self-sealing fuel tank, which is a method also used on the BMP-3."
name"Hull Armor"
value"30"
units"mm"
name"Sides and Rear Armor"
value"14.5"
units"mm"
name"Turret Armor"
value"INA"
name"Applique Armor"
value"Yes"
name"Explosive Reactive Armor"
value"INA"
name"Active Protection System"
value"Yes"
name"Mine Clearing"
value"Yes, Track width mine plough"
name"Self-Entrenching Blade"
value"INA"
name"NBC Protection"
value"Yes"
name"Smoke Equipment"
value"Yes, 8 Total, 4 on each side 76mm"
name"Bow Blade"
value"Yes, the bow blade at the front is easily recognizable and is assessed to provide an increase in speed during water crossings."
name"Belly Plate"
value"Yes"
name"Self-Sealing Fuel Tank"
value"Yes, capable of stopping a 25 mm APFSDS round at 2,000 m."
name"Automatic Fire Suppression Device."
value"Yes"
name"Lane Marking System"
value"Lane marking system"
variants
name"ZTD-05"
notes"The ZTD-05 is a fire support vehicle based on the Type 05 hull. It is designed to have the same mobility and protection as the ZBD-05 however it is armed with a large-calibre direct-fire gun. It is designed to provide overwhelming fire support for ZBD-05 formations against embedded infantry and heavily armoured vehicles."
name"PLZ-07B"
notes"The PLZ-07B is an SPH designed for the Chinese Marine Corps. It is based on the Type 05 hull and uses the weapon system from the PLZ-07, which is based on a different hull. The vehicle is designed to have the same mobility and protection as the ZBD-05, however, it is equipped with a large-calibre howitzer and attendant FCS so that it can provide organic indirect fire support for ZBD-05 formations."
name"Type 001"
notes"The Type 001 is an APC based on the Type 05 hull. It is believed that the Type 001 is more likely to be found in service with the amphibious elements of the PLA rather than the Marine Corps, as it has been shown on exercises with the 74th Army Group. It is designed to perform as an APC and is capable of carrying a section of equipped infantry into combat alongside other Type 005 variants."
type"WEG"
version1
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